How to criticize constructively
To constructively criticize is a difficult task. Constructive criticism has a certain degree of honesty and with the diplomacy, and to achieve both an art to it. In life you often have to Express their opinion, which may not always be what people want to hear. Often you have to criticize others, and that they made the right conclusions from your words, I improved myself and was not offended, it is necessary to do it correctly. As we now explain.
1.No need to criticize traits
If you want your criticism has brought about a positive result, it is not necessary to concentrate on their flaws of a person and criticize them. If you begin to expose the nature of the opponent, he is likely to consider you biased, think that you have a personal beef with him — and the result will remain deaf to your words. It is better to separate the man from his work, no matter how difficult it may seem.
2.To Express their criticism with appropriate words
When you criticize someone, important is not only the meaning of your words here have meaning and the words themselves. If we are talking about work, use professionalisms and terms to criticism remained constructive, and wasn’t too harsh. Moreover, you can soften your speech, and this criticism will become even more acceptable. For example, the phrase can start with «I think…» or «I could be wrong, but…» — this doesn’t sound like you’re very angry and uncompromising.
3.Just speak about the facts
The effectiveness of criticism is directly proportional to the objectivity of the subject. That is, there is little that can strengthen the effectiveness of the conversation more than criticism, based on knowledge of facts: what was a mistake. The criticisms expressed in the form of a statement of fact, is the most powerful weapon. This is a very good way to build his argument: the facts are irrefutable, and you don’t attack the person, and speak directly about the case.
4.Be mindful of your thoughts and emotions
Constructive and effective criticism requires you to keep to yourself any manifestations of emotions and not succumb to them. The same applies to caring about the feelings of your opponent: on the one hand, you are in a certain degree to take into account his feelings. On the other hand, dude, you need to understand that the criticism applies to his activities and therefore his feelings are hurt — and this cannot be avoided. However, in order to rectify the situation, to improve business and to achieve the goal, this person can overcome the pride and resentment — but not too strong a personal insult, friend. And, I repeat, do not show their feelings, be as objective as possible.
5.Focus on what you can do, not on what was done
Concentrate on what can somehow be improved. Constructive criticism is positive, considerate and is in fact. So, man himself knows he screwed up and missed the opportunity, he will much more appreciate, if you tell him how to fix it.
One of the most important tips. While you criticize someone, stop for a moment and imagine what it’s like to be in the place of man to which you refer. He, of course, feels vulnerable; he feels that he is attacked is difficult. Make allowances for this.
7.Do focus on the causes of criticism, not to the person to which it is directed
Criticism is the activity that may cause controversy. Remember that it is better to criticize than human: it generates less counter-arguments, there is less reason to argue. It is easy to object to criticism based on the principle of «like — dislike». Work hard to Express their thoughts more objectively, in a detached way and come to the conclusion reasonable.
8.Give the opportunity to object
Better to make a pause during the critical speech and give the opponent a chance to retort. If a person has the ability to defend themselves, let protection and worthless, he feels better: so you support the dialogue. It is in any case better than splits man into smithereens critical monologue. In addition, you will have the opportunity to be more fair and be open to new information, and will increase the chance that your criticism will listen and make conclusions from it.
9.Tell it like it is
Constructive criticism will put you in a favorable light in front of your friends and make your enemies respect you. When you criticize people tactfully and with that the case, this increases their productivity.