Hemorrhagic fever 2014
On 10 October, the world health organization (who) announced that the number of deaths from Ebola exceeded four thousand people, mostly in Africa. Fever constitutes a threat to international values, and the experts say to contain the epidemic, will require about $ 500 million. So what do we know about this acclaimed around the world virus?
The virus was first discovered in 1976 in a village near the Ebola river in the Democratic Republic of Congo and a remote area of Sudan in Africa. If the disease has claimed the lives of 280 people. Ebola belongs to a group of viruses that cause deadly hemorrhagic fever. This means that the infection them causes internal and external bleeding. Ebola is one of the most deadly viruses in the world, and the mortality rate reaches approximately 50-90 percent.
What do you know? Perhaps you, like some of the guys from our office, too, believe that panic inflated to intimidate or money laundering. Well, caught someone out in Germany, Spain, we have something to do with it? But if we read the business people (we sincerely hope) whose profession is connected with frequent flights and trips, it is appropriate to recall the saying about better safe, than sorry, or that sometimes it is better «perebdet, than nedobdet».
As the Ebola virus spread?
The virus is transmitted by direct contact with blood and human secretions (feces, urine, semen) from an infected person or animal, and blood, and vomiting are the most dangerous fluids that can infect humans, even at an early stage of development of the virus. But the doctors comforted by the fact that if you wash the whole thing with a huge amount of soap, the consequences can be avoided. Of course, if the infection has not penetrated into the mouth, eyes, nose, or damaged area of the skin. Also the virus enters the body through contaminated surfaces, needles and medical instruments.
What are the symptoms?
The first symptoms may appear already on the second day after infection. In total, detection of the disease is from two to 21 days. In the initial stage the symptoms of Ebola resemble the flu and other similar diseases.
· High temperature;
· Muscle pain and aching joints;
· Sore throat;
· Pain in the abdomen;
· Loss of appetite.
As the progression of the disease, opens the internal bleeding and bleeding from eyes, nose and ears. The person may cough or vomit blood, may have bloody diarrhea and skin rashes. Kidneys and liver stop working properly.
Can you get Ebola at the gym through sweat?
The patient is not contagious until the first symptoms. Who claims that a live virus has never been transmitted through sweat.
What about saliva?
The doctors say that saliva, tears of an infected person are some of the most dangerous agents of infection. The virus was detected even in human milk.
Can you get Ebola through the toilet?
Yes, but they are hardly visited infected public toilets. In this state, on his home or the hospital aren’t going anywhere.
If Ebola is transmitted sexually?
So. Men, even cured, the possibility of virus transmission via semen remains to 7 weeks after recovery.
And in the air?
The Ebola virus is not airborne or through water. Often the disease is being picked up by the people who care for the sick, or those who are involved in the funeral.
Can I catch Ebola from using a taxi, which was carrying a patient to the hospital?
So if, for example, an infected vomited on the seat and this place is insufficiently disinfected, and you touched the seat first, and then your face or badly scratched eye. Also, this paragraph applies to door handles, which was touched by the sick, they have a drop of blood or other secretions. But if your hand skin is not damaged, you thoroughly wash your hands and don’t bite your nails, the chances to get there.
How long does the virus?
The virus is quite fragile and is easily destroyed by ultraviolet light, high temperatures (which is helpful in West Africa) and disinfectants including soapy water and disinfecting with alcohol gel.
Is it safe to eat?
So, if it is ready. Kill the virus through heat treatment of food. Raw game meat – a risk. The latest Ebola outbreak in Africa was triggered by the fact that people after the hunt handled the carcass of an infected animal.
But if someone really sneeze in my face?
If the infected splashed your face with saliva, the risk of possible in contact with infected fluid in the eye, but only if it is the last stage of the disease. Typically, these patients are hospitalized and the doctors who care for them, protected by special suits and masks.
Can Ebola mutate to change the mechanism by which is it transmitted?
Although viruses mutate, scientists say that at this stage of the study of the Ebola virus does not portend such a development of the plot.
There are special scanners at train stations or airports to detect infected?