Forgotten weapons: than were killed in the old days. Part I
Mankind can not do without murders, and the charming and graceful arms, the better. In the history of human have created many weapons of war, many of whom have themselves become history. What’s worse, we have almost ceased to mention, unlike any of the catapults. Perhaps your ancestors fought with them, and you don’t even know their names!
When it comes to Roman weapons, to mind immediately come armed with strong shields, a Trident and a net centurions and gladiators. However, in between the baths and the orgies the Romans invented simple in design and carries the death weapon called plumbata. In fact, it is a dart easy dart with fins and a large lead sinker in place of the junction of the tip of the spears and cutting. With the lead part, the weapon got its name. Remember the periodic Table, an element of the 14th group of the sixth period… Plumbum, which translated from Latin means «lead». Here is a delicate ranged weapons, which threw a shoulder stroke arms. Lead plaque was give to the projectile an additional kinetic energy, and in the capable hands of plumbata could zasandalit 50-60 meters.
In the late Empire every experienced footballer was given a five javelins, thus turning the infantry and even artillery. First brave soldiers were hit by a barrage of heavy javelins that can one time to kill a horseman with a horse, and then finished off in good faith in a merciful enemy infantry attacks. If it turned out, of course. Most importantly, it was necessary to quickly and far to throw, so the Roman instructors mocked the soldiers as abused in future If Army Marines in «full Metal shell».
During the reign of the emperors (there was a time when Empire rule two, 4 the Emperor) Diocletian and Maximian (285-305) there were two legions, which was called motionable as skillfully and with great power used this missile weapon.
Here’s vundervaflâ was particularly relevant in Europe in the XV—XVII centuries. A kind of dagger fencing with the left hand. In France it was called the Maine-Gauche, but as it does not call, its essence does not change. Doug used primarily for parrying enemy attacks and to finish the order of bleeding the enemy. Special spring powered side of the blade, between which often stuck the enemy blade. By the way, the Japanese have a Dag called «SAI» by them, armed with Raphael from «teenage mutant ninja Turtles», the one which is called «Rafiq with forks».
First, Doug was the weapon of commoners, but when it invented the automatic sliding of the blade, its price has risen sharply, and the blade became an attribute of rich people, and therefore, extremely fashionable. At that time, fencing has been at its dawn, had their own special style, in which Doug participated. But already in the XVIII century the need for it disappeared, the battle started very different, and if the battle of Agincourt in 1415, French knights parried the blows of the English swords with such a Trident, during the Napoleonic wars treated mainly with artillery, cavalry charges and volleys of weapons.
When fighting with the enemy, which is much higher than you (maybe he’s on a horse or just nature is not offended), then there is always the possibility to a powerful blow from above, from heaven, from the height of the shoulder of the rider. Only took one invention to partially solve this problem and transform the battlefield of the circus spectacle, like «Big races». Variations of mancatcher were many, the most common spiky Hoop on a long stick. Spikes, with the purpose of humanity perhaps, sticking out from the inside to deliver a stunned rider a nice stabbing pain and cause dangerous injuries. Caught a fighting tongs of a warrior was much easier to kill. And sometimes, when the rider pulling the horse this way, he broke his tail and put the other incompatible with life injuries. These are the inventions of the English.
The machine showed his favor in the wars of 1500 years, was also used for civilian purposes, for example, they were kept in prison important enemies (e.g. the nobility), which can kill and severely maim it was impossible, but to deliver maximum discomfort very much. Besides, with this collar the prisoner did not twitch. And then in such collars, and transported criminals. You can say it is one of the most terrifying ancestors of modern handcuffs.
The spiked glove
During the First world war the soldiers had to learn unpleasant the delights of trench warfare. Often, soldiers sat in a muddy trench ditches, almost face to the enemy, and in order to survive, they often had to resort to medieval thinking. Weapons should be simple and ruthlessly effective, because often it was while working with the one is facing one trench to another. Someone fought with a bayonet rifle, a knife, someone just hitting the butt, but he was clever, which are themselves similar weapons were invented. So there was kind of a rude glove-dagger. She was even the straps that fastened the glove to the forearm without letting it fall. Unfortunately, details about its origin quite a bit. Some say that it was invented by the Germans, others that the British, others French. Most likely, the Creator was inspired by the fighting gloves of the ancient Roman gladiators – tsestus (gauntlet with large spikes) and cutter (metal cap, worn on the arm, with a large secureerase blade, literally shredding the meat of the enemy). However, the fact of its existence there, and in the melee of it really was good. In any case, the war veterans argued that it was safer in the trenches.
In those days to keep the prisoners in check was incredibly difficult and deadly dangerous. The attack on the guards was commonplace. In the 17th century some of the mechanics came up with a brilliant idea, which was to help the guards keep the prisoners in check. Wearing conventional weapons was uncomfortable and even dangerous, the prisoners could just snatch it and this key solved many problems at once. The prisoner did not know which key in the bunch is fraught with death. Indeed, to confuse them very easily, it is enough to recall the size of the keys, three hundred years ago. Each such key has been one charge, sometimes in conjunction, there were several keys with surprise. The first models were matchlock ignition that spoils the idea of stealth over the smoldering wick. They were replaced by much more convenient silicon and capsule keys. The trigger was often around or inside the handle of the key, so the captors had to be especially careful.
In the XIX century the production of such weapons ceased, now it are a real hunt collectors of all stripes. And we can safely assume such a key one of the forerunner weapons of the famous spy James bond.