One cannot deny the power of words. In times of greatest crisis, when the story unpredictable winds, large speeches, prejudging the outcome of important events. Inspired by the speech motivated the citizens to fight injustice, to overthrow tyranny, to change your life for the better. Speech is an art, word can please the crying to immortalize the events with the dignity, the solemnity that they deserve. The word can encourage people to risk life and limb to make them laugh and cry, to return to virtue, to inspire — anything. The words can weave a solid tapestry heartfelt speech, and with the help of it people can find almost divine power. Of course, even the most terrible tyrants knew this, and carefully honed his public speaking skills. The gift of speech, as we understand it, can be used for good and evil that holds the speaker’s responsibility. One who seeks to bring the world of good, should be ready to say — as skilled as those who are trying to convince the society to abandon its principles and purposes.
What is oratory?
First and foremost, is the art of public speech. Lectures, speeches of political figures, speeches of public people — it is not necessarily perfect examples of eloquence, although they may include some elements of oratory.
If we draw an obvious parallel, public speech — it is fast food, and eloquence is lunch gourmet. The point here is not pretentious or inaccessible to ordinary mortals, and that oratory rises above the ordinary life, this speech is prepared with passion, put in it all his talent, all his honed skills, his entire life experience. Oratory — a way to convince the listener of something — from global ideas in particular.
Our ancestors called the oratory is the greatest of the arts because it encompasses all other disciplines. It requires knowledge of literature, ability to create text, understand the rhythm and harmony. Eloquence is not only the ability to speak, it is speech that appeals to our most noble feelings, inspires us, awakens passion and emotion, inspired to do good deeds. Most popular oratory in times of tragedy, pain, crisis, fear and turmoil. At such times, it leads those who are lost in life’s chaos and seeks a leader who without fear would imitate.
Oratory in Ancient Greece
Language had a special significance since the time when man learned consciously to utter sounds, and attach meaning. To the level of art it rose in Ancient Greece the Golden age of ancient eloquence is associated with the famous orator Pericles. His funeral speech was probably the first great speech written and spoken in public, and she set the standards for all future speeches. And yet the largest speaker in the history of mankind is Demosthenes, whose oratorical talent roused the Athenians from apatiei and inspired him to fight Philip of Macedon, who threatened their freedom.
In oratory was practiced not only the elite of Athenian society. It was one of the high arts, a kind of virtue. It was an important part of education for any man, served as the Foundation for all other disciplines. The ability to speak a speech was considered a sign of a broad Outlook.
Oratory blossomed so quickly and reached such importance in Ancient Greece, because it performed an important function in public life. All adult men were involved in the political life of Athens. Any citizen could call on others to review, just criticized a specific law. The laws were few and simple, what did the judges are much freer in proper justice, and lawyers were much more flexible in the performance of their work. Everywhere there has been debate and a space for application of public speaking skills was great.
Oratory in Ancient Rome
Eloquence penetrated to Rome soon: its rise began when the Empire conquered Greece and began to experience the influence of its traditions. Roman oratory was used in court, the comitia (people’s Assembly to pass laws) and in the Senate. Roman oratory, much borrowed from the Greek, although they were significant difference. In the speeches of Roman orators have paid more attention to the style, examples, metaphors. The acknowledged master of Roman oratory, Cicero. His famous catilinarian or four speeches made in the Senate, helped to prevent a conspiracy against the Senate and gave a great sample of oratorical skill and skills.
The great orator died for their political views, until his last day, believing that «If despotism there can be eloquence. It can only exist in countries where the flourishing of freedom.» One hundred years after the death of Cicero, Tacitus complained that «eloquence has spoiled» because «the current speakers are substitutes and lawyers — anyone, not speakers». Lawyers began to hire people who have attended their language and began to applaud vigorously, so that Pliny said: «you Can be sure that the worst he gets the loudest applause.»
How to learn to speak in public
Hardly each of us needs to speak in Parliament, but the ability to speak in public can always come in handy. You can reward, you might need to speak in public on the job — and indeed, it is undeniable that at least a few times in life you have to speak in front of people. No need to be afraid of public speaking: it’s not so bad, it’s something everyday. Cherish every opportunity of public speaking, volunteer yourself to speak in public, go towards your fear. As soon as you have the opportunity to speak, feel free to use it.
To master oratory skills, you will have to work hard. We’ll give you some tips.
Practice, practice, practice
The biggest myth about oratory is the idea that eloquence is an inborn talent that can be learned. But the ancient guys knew it was wrong, and was daily practised in this science for a few hours. Demosthenes in childhood was weak, clumsy and shy child, but he was determined to become a great speaker. And he’s been doing. He went to the sea and said, trying the sound of his voice to drown out the waves. He walked into the cave and practiced there, trying as hard as possible to concentrate on your goal. So he’s not tempted to return home before he reaches his goal, he shaved himself poverty. Demosthenes has not left himself another way: knowing that I will be ridiculed like this, he continued his studies in solitude. To improve diction, Demosthenes speeches with a mouth full of jackdaws. Every day he said, standing in front of the mirror, eliminating the slightest defects gestures. In addition, he suffered a nervous tick when he spoke, involuntarily raised shoulder. To get rid of him, he hung over the shoulder sword: now his prick was tickling the speaker each time the shoulder was raised. The works of Demosthenes paid off: he became the greatest orator of all time.
No skill, no technique will not make your tongue piercing as your own character. Even the slightest hint of hypocrisy will doom your speech to fail. And Vice versa: when you virtuous, honest, and myself live in accordance with what you say, this sincerity will be obvious to the audience and will work for you. The audience will see the depth of your honesty and listen to you with great attention and sympathy than if you just focus on success.
Study different Sciences
To reach the most noble and high feelings of the audience, you have to fill your speech many similarities with the biographies of great people, events, works of art. Oratory combines many different Sciences. You need to keep up with current events and to study human nature, religion, science, and literature. Read the newspaper, watch good movies, read at least Chapter of a good book a day. Regularly follow blogs, talk to different sources of information. A good speaker needs to anticipate counterarguments and be able to reflect them.
Dive into public speaking
Let your Tutors are great speakers. Read their language. See how they construct sentences and arguments, the rhythm of their speeches, they give examples and in what cases. Understand how all this is woven into the text, what is its composition. Listen to the speech the big politicians — pay attention to the balance of pauses, intonation, logical stress.
Good luck, man! Kamon!