September 20 at noon at the Theresienwiese (Munich, Bavaria) was opened 200 litre barrel with freshly brewed beer and after that began an incredible, bright and cheerful Oktoberfest, 181-th. The holiday has its origins from time immemorial and remains in high esteem among local people and tourists who million never-ending stream arriving at the main event of October in Germany to this day.
It all started October 12, 1810 when king Ludwig I and Princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghause decided with the king’s big way to celebrate your wedding.
Since that time this festival has been celebrated annually in the form of a private party, something like a wedding anniversary, but in 1819 the organization of the festival was entrusted to the city Council of Munich, and they rightly decided to do this celebration in the public domain.
But the festival is not held every year, it interrupted the endless war, cholera, scrofula, diarrhea.
The next key date in the history of the celebration can be described in 1872, when the Oktoberfest was first postponed to the end of September — beginning of October as at this time weather in Munich more enjoyable.
Then opened the first ariline delicious chickens, and beer began to be sold in a traditional present day massive glass mugs, and the tents were arranged a large area for dancing and bowling.
Oktoberfest scored a Grand scale and popularity, which is not surprising. They say that even albert Einstein participated in the electrification of the festival and personally put light bulbs in the beer tent, Schottenhamel.
In 1910, Oktoberfest celebrated its centenary, where it sold 1.2 million liters of beer.
Three years later, was established the largest in the history of the holiday tent at 12 000 places (Bräurosl, now has about 6,000 seats; the biggest tent to date — Hofbräu-Festhalle — has about 10 000 places).
During the First world war, the festival was cancelled, and until 1920 it was called «Autumn festival» (it. Herbstfest).
The social Democrats came to power, banned the screening of different malformations like the Siamese twins, incorrectly folded people, etc., practiced at the feast of decades, but race, which more and more went into the background, regained its former popularity.
In the years 1936-1938 the Bavarian blue and white flags, adorned the occasion, were replaced with Nazi flags with swastikas, and from 1939 to 1945, the Oktoberfest was not held due to world war II, but in 1960 starts the inflow of foreign tourists to the Oktoberfest every year enriches the brewery and entrepreneurs.
Traditionally, the festival begins with a procession of the owners of the beer tents, which open the celebration. Next, the opening ceremony of the first keg of beer, when the Lord mayor of Munich driving a crane with a special hammer with a cry of «o’zapft is!» («It is tapped!»), after that, the Oktoberfest is officially open.
Another tradition, a procession, remained in 1835, when, in honor of the silver wedding of the Bavarian king Ludwig I and Princess Therese held a parade of 8 thousand people, dressed in historical and national costumes.
Now Oktoberfest is known worldwide for its huge beer pavilions, each of which can hold up to 10,000 people. Every year the festival is visited by around 6 million visitors , who drink around 6 million liters of beer and eat half a million roast chickens. All this Orgy of beer serves about 12,000 people. And the right to participate in the festival have only six Breweries: Spaten, Augustiner, Paulaner, Hacker-Pschorr, Hofbräuhaus and Löwenbräu.
At the festival offers many attractions — from the flea market and a traditional carousel, at the age of over eighty years, to ultra-modern structures like the «roller coaster».
The holiday is not out of control, he is under the watchful eye of the police and the red cross, the latter revived a thousand «beer corpses» every year.
And the police may thoroughly search every visitor of the festival for stolen beer mugs, what is a criminal offence.
This year Oktoberfest will run until October 5, and if you are lucky, who visited it – be sure to tell us about their experiences and emotions that we all envied you.