Bushido — the samurai code

samurai

We all more or less imagine who the samurai. A long time ago in Japan were such dudes with a deadly sharp swords, in the lungs of fine armor, who almost literally everything. These guys could fight with swords and ride a horse, shoot, and even possessed the skills of a ninja. And they have been flawless and tough moral code to follow which was under force only the strong and principled people. This moral code called «Bushido» or «way of the warrior». Today we will tell you who was supposed to be a real samurai. It’s very exciting: more than once we were convinced that the ancient people can kick our ass on many, many issues. And samurai is no exception, they too have much to learn.

So, the features of this samurai. They were formulated in the work Daidoji Ujana called «the rudiments of the military art.»

1. Justice

Bushido refers not only to the rules of warfare, but also character traits: justice is the most important trait of the samurai. Justice is the ability without hesitation to make a decision about the line of conduct in accordance with reason; to die when it is legitimate, and fight when it’s justified. Justice is the skeleton that gives the body the hardness and ensure its growth. Without bones the head will not be at the top, hands will not move, and feet to stand. And without justice, neither talent or one skill will not allow a person to become a samurai.

2. Courage

Bushido parts bravery and courage: «Courage is considered good only when it is used in the cause of justice, in the right case». Confucius wrote: «Understanding what is right and doing it are evidence of the courage.» In short, the courage to do what is right.

3. Kindness and compassion

People in positions of authority to give orders and to kill, had however to be unusually kind and compassionate: «Love, generosity, attention to others, empathy and compassion are the marks of kindness, of the highest qualities of the human soul.» And Confucius, Mao-Tzu is often said that the highest requirement for people power — kindness.

4. Courtesy

It is important to know the difference between servility and civility, it will be difficult for those who visit Japan for the first time. But for the true samurai is clear: politeness springs from kindness. You may have heard that politeness and good manners are hallmarks of the Japanese. However, politeness should be the expression of the friendly feelings of others. This is no good, if the person is polite just for the sake of decency. In its highest form politeness approaches love.

5. Nestyazhatelstvo

True samurai despised money, believing that people should shun money because «riches hinder wisdom.» Children of high-ranking samurai were raised in the understanding that talking about money is in bad taste that ignorance about the dignity of the different coins is a sign of good parenting. Bushido encouraged thrift, not so much for economic reasons as for the sake of abstinence. Luxury was thought the greatest threat to the courage of the soldiers demanded simplicity in everyday life. Adding machine accounts and disgusted.

6. Honor

Bushido is relevant in the first place, the military people, but it also applies to moral matters. Samurai characterize a sense of honor, a vivid awareness of their own dignity and worth. They are born and grow to appreciate the duties and privileges of their profession. Fear of disgrace hung like a sword over the head of every samurai. The images on the slightest provocation, derided, and man was called «clockwork». In Japan even have a saying: «Patience means enduring the unendurable».

7. Loyalty

Samurai forever remained loyal to those to whom they are indebted. Loyalty to those above you, was the distinguishing feature of the feudal era. Loyalty in General is common among different people: a gang of thieves also swears allegiance to their leader But only in the knightly code of honor loyalty is of paramount importance.

8. Character and self-control

Bushido teaches that samurai should behave in accordance with absolute moral standards. What is true, right. What is wrong is wrong. The difference between good and bad, between right and wrong is a given. Do not argue about this, do not discuss it, not give an estimate. Just samurai should know. In the end, people have to teach their children moral standards, based on which they will build their models of behavior: «First of all, the samurai were educated character. Subtleties like discernment, and education was less important. Intellectual superiority was appreciated, but samurai was essentially a man of action».