Best BMW of the decade
On 7 March exactly 100 years of BMW. For a century he was deathly attracted to some and envy in others. A lot has changed over these 100 years have not changed only the Bavarian quality. Let us remember the story forever young prestigious group and will focus on the brightest pages of each decade of the company.
1916-1920: aircraft engine IIIa
Everyone needs somewhere to start, so Karl RAPP, Creator of the BMW, which needs to kiss the feet of all cattle, clear patsanchiki and normal drivers can just say «thank you», we decided to do aviation engines. In fact, the district of Munich, in which the plant was built, was chosen for a reason, but because it was next to the aviation plant Flugmaschinenfabrik. And the logo of the brand represents not that other, as the propeller against the blue blue sky. One of the main achievements of the last aircraft engine IIIa for one of the best aircraft of that time Fokker D. VII. The plane was so good that at the end of world one of the requirements was to destroy it completely. By the way, the BMW engine was a record, when the pilot climbed to an altitude of 9760 meters on an airplane with engine BMW.
But the Treaty of Versailles banned Germany to produce the aircraft, and therefore Bayerische Flugzeug-Werke was renamed the Bayerische Motoren Werke and started modern history.
First, the Bavarians made brakes for trains, and then came to motorcycles. First bike BMW has established a template that the company will use until a few decades after. The motorcycle was not only equipped with an air cooling boxer engine and rear wheels on chain drive like most bikes. Look closely and you will see the drive shaft is a solid differentiator, which will figure prominently during the Second world war.
1931-1940 directed: 328 Roadster
328-th BMW was not the first sports car in the series, but it is associated with the first successes of the Bavarians in Motorsport. The machine showed itself everywhere, from the Nurburgring to Le Mans, after that the status of the company has increased dramatically, and the BMW began to look not as a manufacturer of some of the best in the world of motorcycles, but as a manufacturer of truly brilliant cars.
Of course, the R75 was a much more reliable machine, but that’s the R24 marked the revival of the company from the post-war chaos. Permission to launch it on the wheel was mined is not easy: it was necessary to get approval from the allies to create a working motorcycle with a volume of more than 250 cm3. Fortunately, in 1948, he came out of the factory. Chassis former R23 received a modernised single-cylinder engine equipped with an ignition system with centrifugal regulator. A further novelty and four-speed transmission with foot switch, which used a ratchet. The economic miracle that saved the Corporation.
In these times BMW is not luck, despite the fact that their motorcycles won the world championship race motorcycles with sidecars. And all thanks to this little fellow, which is similar to the Treasury, even sexual piggy in the house of the Princess, but not on BMW. First, the Isetta was developed in Italy. But after buying the rights in the mid 50-ies, engineers have improved all the mechanical parts of the car, creating one of the most popular of the post-war micro cars. Only 13 HP, two seats in the cabin, but sales were as big as the front door bubble. This machine saved Bavarians from bankruptcy and helped to achieve recognition among the middle class.
1961-1970: a New class
The so-called new class of cars, which were relatively small and light, since 1600, can rightfully be included in the number of cars that really gave rise to the term «sports sedan». It was the first family of BMW, which has enjoyed gigantic popularity in the United States.
In the large list of large and important BMW cars produced in the 1970-ies, really stands out M1. Created by the great designer Giugiaro (Lotus Esprit, the DeLorean DMC-12 is his handiwork), he was originally conceived as a joint project of the Lamborghini and BMW, but conflict arose that prompted BMW to produce the car. The BMW M1 was the only mid-engined BMW mass produced and admired contemporaries.
1981-1990: The E30 M3
The concept of lying in the first M3, was an embodiment of elegance and simplicity. Incredible balance and light weight of the original M3 has brought more victories in international competitions than any other. Sport orientation of BMW 3-series is primarily for young wealthy people was obvious. But at the same time, the car was considered as one of the most comfortable for the driver.
1991-2000: 850 CSi
Took the good old 850 C, tweaked the aerodynamics, the suspension and made the already good car even better. 850 CSi was installed engine S70B56. It was a modified engine from the 850i. The increase to 5.6 liters and increased power up to 380 K. S. the Car had stiffer suspension and reduced ground clearance. The model had wider wheels and bumper with improved aerodynamics. Transmission only 6-speed manual. So BMW managed to beat McLaren and to do at a certain time fastest car in the world.
2001-2010: E46 M3 CSL
CSL stands for «Coupe Sport Light» (light sports coupe). First called the legendary race winner BMW 3.0 CSL. BMW E46 M3 CSL is most different from his E46 M3 lightweight parts. The roof on the M3 CSL made of reinforced carbon fiber (GFP) and 5.9 kg lighter than the standard. The front bumper also includes parts with GFP and the unique technology of «single stream» («Single Air inlet»). Rear bottom cladding are also made of GFP, while the trunk lid is made of SMC (United under the pressure of the sheets). Reinforced fiberglass is used for the rear bumper and its mounting and together with the thermoplastic and foam for the manufacture of the boot floor and rear walls. As a last resort, weight-saving rear window made extratime. BMW claims that the M3 CSL weighs 1385 kg, or about 10 percent less than conventional models.
2011-Today: 1 Series M Coupe
Bold and aggressive, the BMW 1-series M Coupe continues the sporty tradition of the Bavarian company. The car’s athletic character is also expressed in the rims with the wheels dimension along the axes. BMW 1-series M Coupe features sporty suspension settings for the most realistic feeling of the car with the road. It is like a miracle of engineering. The designers had spent so much effort, then what took place to a therapist. However, his mission they performed.