A classic, required reading #6

The sixth part of the cultural rubrics in our magazine. We will not cease to introduce good literature to the masses. If you do not like, it does not mean that the book is bad, just not yours.

1. «Sunday» Leo Tolstoy


… military live always in an atmosphere of public opinion that not just conceals from them the crime committed by them deeds, but these deeds deeds…

The three pillars of creativity of Leo Tolstoy’s trilogy «Childhood», «Adolescence», «Youth», «War and peace» and «Resurrection.» To decide what’s more required reading from this list is impossible, since read is all of the above. But we know that will interest you more. Not repeatedly filmed and studied (or not studied, losers damn) school years epic about the adventures of Pierre Bezukhov and the other doesn’t speak Russian noble spirits, and not the biography of count with unpleasant details about beautiful thighs and nails inspiring his boy (although, I confess, some moments, like the unwillingness to cry at his mother’s funeral, forced to look at another side of yourself and human nature in General). We consider the story, which on the tomb of count there is no cross, just grass and flowers mound. Probably none of Tolstoy’s novel was not forced to think so much, how many «Resurrection». It is completely devoid of opus textbook-like monologue about the oak. It and children can not be read, otherwise nothing will be clear and you can make the wrong conclusion.

Devoid of beauty the story about this poor girl, who by fate, passing through the millstones of society, forced to become a prostitute. Tolstoy lashed the passionate criticism against the state, Church, social, and economic order, expressed in a direct and sincere protest against a society of lies and deceit. Incidentally, this is not our words, these are the words of Lenin. (By the way, are amazing in their Communist insanity book «Lenin’s reading of Tolstoy.» This is optional to read.)

From this book you can learn a lot of black, dirty nuances of the time, but at the same time to listen to a rather interesting reflection of the graph. But most of all the progressive young people love the story behind the frenzied criticisms of the Church. Never before has Tolstoy was not as critical as in his latest novel. So, this is the last major work of the writer, after which he began rapidly to sink into the abyss of insanity and carnage with windmills in the name of the people.

2. «Moscow and Muscovites» by Vladimir Gilyarovsky


In Russia there is no law, there is a pole and on the pole the crown.

I remember I was walking along the embankment of Vasilyevsky island and overheard two old life of forty maidens with banks «Nevsky Light» discuss the creativity Gilyarovskogo. This can be seen only in St. Petersburg: two dubious girls ridicule of Muscovites through the prism of the arguments Gilyarovskogo.

What can you do if the book is still relevant. Three times already the country has changed, social and political system, and it still remains relevant. Describing old Moscow, constantly draws Parallels «was – was» and the reader of inertia holds these Parallels.

Gilyarovsky was primarily a journalist and visitors. Yes, Yes, the same limit that begins to consider himself a native Muscovite after the first week. Maybe that’s why it is written categorically, roughly, the sea of gossip and questionable facts. However, it is seamlessly transferred to Moscow the spirit and the feeling that the author sees around him, by definition, is shit, is gradually taking place.

This is an interesting guide to the Moscow, which will never be true, intimate, albeit troubled, Moscow. This is not Moscow Okudzhava, not chanting Arbat street before bandit Clean Ponds, is something else entirely. A large literature reporting that strange time when the merchant tradition passed to the NEP, and Muscovites, already damaged housing question, was the true Muscovites. You are strongly advised to make a trip to «the womb of the old city», it is at least interesting and configures some other way. Feel wise retired, scolded reproachfully modern hectic life.

3. Stories, Edgar Allan PoE


Burdened by excessive knowledge of the world prematurely senile. But the crowd – the majority of mankind do not even notice or living energetic, but devoid of happiness life, I regretted to notice.

– «A conversation between Monos and Una» –

A great hoaxer Edgar Allan PoE, who had in his short drunken life to lay the foundations of the detective, science fiction and all that has been accidentally written after it. To single out any single work impossible. Well that advice? «Black cat,» «the murders in the Rue Morgue» or the dark poem «the Raven», covered with legends? For you need to read immediately impress from story to story.

Maybe a tragic «fall of the house of usher»? The standard mystery literature, impregnated as whole life, terrible pain? The standard mystery literature, required reading for those interested in artistic mysticism.

The problem and at the same time the advantage of all his stories – in the form of writing. A novel solid madarassas. On the one hand, it is convenient, no lengthy all read the plaque, and on the other, many, this fact somehow frightening. In their opinion, a great writer must write and space. Well, why to paint «William Wilson» – a story about a schizophrenic in a hundred pages if all fit in several. Read the stories and enjoy life.

4. «Quo Vadis?», Henryk Sienkiewicz


Ten thousand naked girls produce less impression than one.

We have long taken for Nobel laureates. Get Polish historical epic works. Here, a separate pillar is Henryk Sienkiewicz. In addition to the popular and repeatedly filmed novels about the Commonwealth, he has a piece of epic proportions on the life and not-so-ancient Romans. «Quo Vadis», «Quo Vadis», «Where to go» – he has many names, it depends on the language, but the original and most unusual-sounding is considered to be the Jewish version. According to legend, this phrase was said by the Apostle Peter to Jesus Christ, when the Apostle during the persecution of Emperor Nero Christians left in Rome. In a figurative sense, it serves as a call to think about his life.

The book tells about the formation of early Christianity in Rome, about the reign of the glorious madman Nero, the sermons of Peter and Paul, the great Roman fire of faith, devotion and what is a novel without love. Two main characters of the book, a noble patrician Marcus Vinicius and the Christian woman, a hostage of Royal blood Lygia, is the only fictional characters, all the other historical persons. The historical accuracy of the novel does not irritate even seasoned historians: Sienkiewicz conscientiously studied hundreds of historical documents, to harmoniously introduce his characters in the real jet of the novel.

The book is worth reading for all, regardless of religion. Here, in General, not about God but about man. The early Christians are very different from modern Christians, their fate was unenviable, and faith respected. The novel is able to replace the textbooks of history, especially that looking at the past through through the line Sienkiewicz more interesting than confused historical documents.

5. «Ulysses», James Joyce


I reject the violence and intolerance in any form. It will not stop and will not achieve anything. The revolution must be made in installments. It’s full of blatant absurdity to hate people because they live, so to speak, not on our street and talk our dialect.

«You like it», they said. «It’s so cool,» screamed all the same. «The slag of some kind,» repeated the third. «I spent time? This is the most boring book in the world», – was indignant buyers. And all this about a book. A monumental work that literary institutions are held separately. «Ulysses» is the story of a single day, 16 June 1904, Dublin in simple layman and Jew, Leopold bloom. The day Leo bloom holds in publishing, on the streets and cafes of Dublin at the funeral of his friend, on the Gulf coast, in the nursing home, where he meets Stephen Dedalus, a young teacher in a local school, in the den, and finally in his own house, where he late at night leads pretty drunk Daedalus has lost a roof over your head. The main intrigue of the novel is the betrayal of his wife bloom, which bloom knows, but not taken against it any action. One can endlessly describe this novel, spoilers won’t do him harm, everyone will still find something new. However, if he liked anyone? Of course not. The thing is, that sometimes it seems like Joyce wrote his novel not to read it, but in order to study. He broke the novel into many layers, each of which is written with different techniques and carries a deep symbolism. This is by analogy with Homer’s «Odyssey», which lies not only in name but also in the depiction of the main characters, and all the adventures bloom – similar to the wanderings of the ancient Greek, is described in an old poem. Actually, this is the only thing that can stop you in the process of reading, because without the confession the old drunk Joyce surprises and amazes. It seems simple, but trust me: more than one book in your life does not give you that impression. Not for nothing that every year fans of the writer noted, «Bloomsday». On 16 June every year in Dublin celebrating the pass route of the characters, Leopold bloom and Stephen Dedalus, in costumes of the era, order dishes, like in the novel: fried lamb kidneys, a glass of Burgundy, a sandwich with Italian cheese.

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