A classic, required reading #11
Last time, we were asked to make a list of Russian classics. True, because she is beautiful, and unfortunately, not all familiar, but as the motto of our articles, «give the classics to the masses», without separation of nationality and language, to dedicate a category solely to Russian literature seems impossible. It’s like «Eurovision» to produce the entire coven of the domestic variety instead of the foreign songstress, or to include in the hall of fame rock-n-roll of the only rappers (which for some reason is happening). But so be it, this time the Russian classics will be more!
1. «In bad company», Vladimir Korolenko
Incredible resentment lurking in my heart, dear friend, on our educated society. Bad memory there, Oh stupid. I think, from the Siberian plains to the gray ridges of the Caucasus, Vladimir Galaktionovich — nobody remembers. They say, we know that name — Korolenko heard saying that he wrote the book, but that book — I have no idea.
So we have to live in a society where the writer only remember the former Gilfanov such conceited bastards like me, and Paul E. Lyon, took the Baptismal name and surname of the writer as his creative alias. He is Psoy Korolenko, knows why everyone has to read this slim vastavatele sinful souls. About the ordeal and marginalised Vladimir Galaktionovich knew firsthand, because in his spare time was active in human rights activities.
The struggle for the rights of «orphaned and poor» made him famous at the time in much more than a literary career, and made his name tantamount to pain in the fifth point. Power belonged to the populist Korolenko, as in the violent troublemaker, and even his student years he sent it in endless links. In one of these links (namely, in Yakutia) and it was written the work which we now consider briefly under the harsh magnifying glass of fair criticism.
Korolenko and Gorky not worse versed in the problems of the lower classes. In the link because educated people will not always find, that had to include a study of the life of a simple peasant. Such communication is transferred to the story, but instead a popular writer and human rights activist, we see the son of a judge and made friends with local children holotype.
Sick children are immersed in the grief of parents and education somewhere near the end — looks boring, but if we remember that this work was studied in school, you will want to immediately discard and take Sartre to pass for an intellectual. It is clear that the work is understandable and accessible to the morale, well-spelled out injustice, but to read it in school age, when you think to shave his mustache, or even to walk, when the hormone raging, and like all music indiscriminately, not worth it. Right Here secret senses much more and you will understand their only man of any understanding of life. The children are not interested to read about children, they are such books seem frivolous, but no, it is not a mouthpiece of propaganda like «Timur and his team», it’s a deep analysis of the gap, which for 150 years, only centimeters already. After all, nothing has changed: lots of poverty, and low empathy.
2. «Golovlevs», Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin
Being fond of satire, English and American, we are so tired that there is absolutely no force in the praises of domestic satire. After all, we still in the days of Dickens and Mark TWAIN lived a man who gathered a kind of anthology of Russian stupidity, and caught people’s idiocy in sayings. In the school years was not fun to read satire of mid-nineteenth century, and look for a topical touch to the present day. Well, guzzle uneducated stupid generals straps — and even in our days on TV stupid bureaucrats even more reviled than Mikhail Evgrafovich in your nineteenth century.
Bad landlord, what’s left on the white light one and on the adventure of piscary (we already Krylov read about wise and foolish animals) was boring. Besides, Mikhail Evgrafovich (to my enemies so called daughter — Yevgraf. A fantastic name. writes folk, imitating the composition of fairy tales and tavern stories, it was different, the charms in it.
And so throw it until you accidentally come across in 10 years on his statements about the Russian world, and imbued with, and begin to dig deeper and deeper, until we stumble on a quite modern family history, and wonder. Here Arina Petrovna, the lady active, but is obsessed with money, but porphyry, a man of his time, only the nickname he had Judas… well, I wonder just what kind of character this. But he read, and learn. The book is absorbed instantly, literally within 3 hours, and that old-fashioned style, no, on the contrary it is brilliant, cinematic, and only emphasizes the flavor of degenerating noble family. Although it is not only noble, sort of a encyclopedia for all time, why ritrovamenti, greed and stupidity will ruin you and your ugly relatives, a poor man.
3. «Chevengur» By Andrey Platonov
Some call Platonov, «Russian Joyce and Kafka», others — boring anti-Soviet (largely not true). But this is not so important. 70 years in our country because of ideological reasons I left, it ruined the system, creative and human destiny of Platonov. He and repression happened and attacks, uneducated and stupid spitting swarms of monsters, and died as a normal missed writer — in poverty and oblivion. And then, 50 years ago, his novel published abroad, and has such famous artists as the author of the legendary Saga about fecal fascists — pier Paolo Pasolini, and not less dear, she highly praised this book. You seem dead, but still nice.
And since then, the name Platonov began to rise from the graves of people’s forgetfulness, and people like you apologizing for delivered for the life of discomfort, the festival in his honor will be satisfied, then some sort of prize, if not call it is probably the most significant Creator of dark age of communism.
To answer the question of why «Chevengur» the writer has not been published simply immediately after reading. Chevengur is a preserve of communism, the NEP, where everyone wants, but nobody wants to do. Why, because under communism everything will be fine, it will come soon, you just have to wait. Everything will be free, and will be all the buzz, there probably won’t have to die. Yes, these are the words of the song «Civil defense», but they certainly convey the mood oskotinivshiesya and loafers, idlers, where nobody does anything, only has the bourgeoisie. There and try the two main characters that are very reminiscent of Sancho and don Quixote. Ridiculous? Maybe, but sometimes it seems that our entire country lives in endless Chevengur, waiting is not communism, but the promised heavenly life. Wait, not working, doing nothing, eating grass from the dirt, and wonder why everything’s the same.
Platonov sharp, sincere, and not understand the meaning of communism, while trying to be objective, rushing from the concept of «revolution is the coming to power of fools» to «justify the post-revolutionary pre-revolutionary terror». Ardent supporters of the ideology does not like, but if you reject the policy, then you can see the amazing history of the people, as if shot, Antonioni, and Pasolini foreman.
4. De profundis, Oscar Wilde
Enough Russian sincerity, plunge briefly in cold British cynicism, because under the rain, the eternal dampness, under a tin sky, and in the Thistle other writers are not born. But we love English literature, and Oscar Wilde, a man of minor, witty, and unfortunate. Once again we will not remember «Dorian gray», the novel is wonderful, but thanks to the film has become a dirty word. Probably you read it before the first pasta to «Lurk». Let’s not paint an absolutely wonderful story «the Canterville Ghost», in which the Soviet animators took a brilliant cartoon. But to read about the best cast in the world, which is very trying to be bad, certainly worth it. Will not insist on fairy tales, understandable and interesting even for adults, the stories in the spirit of the time, focus on work, dark, a dead end from which it is literally dripping.
As you know, the last years of Wilde was quite disappointing. He was put in jail on charges of prohibited at the time homosexuality. Turned away from her friends, everyone left, and here, in the dungeons of Reading prison, he wrote a sad letter of confession, «Epistola: In Carcere et Vinculis», the last which his friend Robert Ross was renamed the «De Profundis».
There’s a lot of whining, narcissism and complaints on unfair treatment of his anointed. Wilde was so in love with itself, causing a terrible desire to throw a brick. It’s not Oscar Wilde, is a broken man who in despair has thrown out everything that hid his works. And probably for the first time in the entire history of his literary activities, he invents nothing, does not portray suffering, plays a tragedy, he is really going through. The betrayal of a loved one and the conclusion opened it good, what was missing in his refined aesthetic ubludki heroes.
Of course, not without writing, he still wanted to justify to friends. And only for such honesty it makes me want to forgive. It’s a real Oscar Wilde, can be considered autobiography single moment.
5. «The knight in the Panther’s skin», Shota Rustaveli
«The knight in the Panther’s skin», also «the knight in the Barsova skin», «the Knight in the Panther’s skin» — in this epic poem a lot of names, but the essence does not change. Call it what you want, but the original appearance will still not be able to see. Yes, a poem written in the 12th century probably by the Treasurer of Queen Tamara, statesman, and just a good man — shots of the kind of rulers Rustavi primogeniture, was repeatedly rewritten numerous followers. So, for many centuries the creation of a Georgian nobleman turned into a real folk art, and Shota — national meme, whose name is called restaurants of Georgian cuisine.
The life of the shots are shrouded in many mysteries and legends. The most common is his love for Queen Tamara, but it is not known whether this novel is mutual, or Vice versa, without answer suffering, says Soso Pavliashvili: «old Georgian».
Tamara has done a lot of turning Georgia into a powerful political entity for a while, but the Georgians liked. Here it is considered that is described in the love story wise young ruler to the commander in furs is dedicated to one of the brightest pages in the history of the country. Although, rumor has it that this is a translation of the Persian poem, if not, poeticized folk tale. Whatever it was, it took almost 10 centuries, and «the knight in the Panther’s skin» has remained the most outstanding work of Georgian literature. Beauty and the richness of the language, the epic works of cultural importance — no matter how many Iberia talents were created, the shots are not overlapping.
Idealized in the poem as the devotion of the vassal, and duty to the king is the highest patron. It is very much from the European tales of chivalry. But what is most interesting here is not the religious gloss and glorified, no Islam, Persian Sufism, and Christian dogmas. In that era even the enlightened East slowly being wrapped around in the religious fetters and Rustaveli to save the freedom of the author’s thoughts, that can not but rejoice.
The only thing that is annoying is the sensitivity of Georgian men. Saw a beautiful Princess was stunned. Fraternized with a visiting knight — poryal of happiness. About the ending and say nothing, solid happy ending. But worth reading. First, it is an acknowledged masterpiece of world literature, and second of all… Yes, actually, and all.