8 projects NASA is on the verge of science fiction
Until you’re sad in the absence of flying cars, lightsabers, time machine, samozashnurovyvayuschihsya sneakers, jetpacks, personal servants, robots, and women with three Boobs, in this time the guys from NASA are busy cutting-edge research and the coolest scientific developments that are at risk to change our view of the world in the next few years.
1. «Project Morpheus»
A group of NASA engineers on pure enthusiasm and funding from sponsors, without any support from the state, has created a new space module, which is capable of landing on the moon, Mars, asteroids and satellites of planets.
Composed of giant steel balls and a huge turbine at the bottom, «Morpheus» is able to navigate around large obstacles, to find suitable landing place and to land in automatic mode. Liquid oxygen and methane is used as fuel, and in case of successfully passed tests, the first free flight «Morpheus» will be held on may 4, 2014.
2. Submarine for lake Titan
Not long ago, NASA approved funding for the investigation of the second largest moon of Saturn — Titanium. Titan is the only moon in the Solar system, the surface of which is liquid.
The atmosphere of a celestial body composed primarily of ethane, nitrogen, and methane, which form clouds, which are the source of liquid and solid precipitation. The Titan will be sent a submarine designed to explore the methane lakes Atanasova called «Kraken Mare».
3. Space habitable module «Orion»
The project module is being developed since the mid-2000s, in the future, «Orion» to replace the shuttles used to deliver American astronauts and cargo into space. A space-capsule will be displayed at the orbit of the two-stage rocket. The main goal-the transfer of people and cargo on the moon, and maybe Mars, if tests are successful. Module can accommodate up to six astronauts, and the first test flight is scheduled for December 2014.
4. The suit, the latest technology and fashion
In April, NASA engineers on their official website conducted an online vote that allows the public to choose which suit you want to create, instead of the good old Z-1.
«Biomimicry» — the space suit, which symbolizes our «blue» planet, namely, some of the inhabitants of marine flora and fauna, have bioluminescent qualities.
Electroluminescent wire, located on the entire surface of the suit, becomes visible in low light conditions.
«Trendsin Society» — bright colors, from the «pluck the eyes», most likely symbolizes the clothing of the progressive youth of the future, and judging by the title, the astronauts dressed in this suit will be to advocate for the legalization of illicit substances and the movement «childfree».
A third option, which was declared the winner, vaguely similar to the costumes of the main characters from the movie «Tron»and the suit Base Lightyear from «toy Story».
«Technology» — uses Luminex wire and light emitters, which can easily identify team members both in open space and on the surface. NASA will begin to create a new suit in November of this year and then begin testing at the Johnson Space center in Houston.
The tests will take place in a vacuum chamber, in a special pool in the simulated environment of Mars.
The main goal podsolennogo of the device – identifying new planets located outside the Solar system that would be suitable for life.
The spacecraft consists of a powerful telescope and a kind of «cosmic shore», which will be placed in orbit and has the appearance of an ordinary field of sunflowers.
Moreover, all this stuff will go to the expanses of the galaxy on a single launch vehicle. «Curtain» will block out the light from stars, which prevents direct observation and on photographs of the telescope scientists will be able for the first time in history, to make direct observations of exoplanets due to reflected light. Currently, the majority of exoplanets, scientists find by mathematical calculations (spectrometric measurements of the radial velocity of the star) or the transit method – observing the passing of the planet against the alien stars. The informal name of the project — «New worlds», and it will be launched no earlier than 2019.
6. The Rover-athlete
ATHLETE (All-TerrainHex-Limbed Extra-Terrestrial Explorer — the new brainchild of NASA responsible for transportation over rough lunar or Martian surface. Until ready only a prototype, has a 4,57 m high, 2300 kg, and maximum speed of 2 km/h
This giant has seven «feet» on wheels. If the Athlete will be on a relatively flat surface, it will easily roll, studying the beauty of Mars, if he’s got the way of any obstacle, he will simply step over it. Date of commissioning is scheduled for 2017.
7. Space Amazon
Since each year is developed more and more Mars missions, NASA started thinking about the fact that not all the necessary tools and equipment will be delivered in one load. Long-term mission will require the space version of vans, delivering grocery tubes and toilet paper for the first Martian pioneers. LDSD is a little bit like a fat flying saucer with the rocket at its base,which will act as the Martian version of Amazon.
8. Ultra-fast spaceship
NASA physicist Harold white has spent four years working on a real project spacecraft, which will be able to overcome the vastness of the Universe at a speed greater than light. And no matter what to create that will take decades, this impulse is great and noble! At the moment we have a visual picture of the hypothetical ship.
The ship is named the IXS Enterprise, which brings us back to two sources: the same was the name of the spaceship in the cult TV series Star Trek («Star trek») and the first real NASA space Shuttle created in 1976 as a prototype.