7 great travelers
Steve Fossett was a successful American businessman, born April 22, 1944 in Jackson, Tennessee. However, he was primarily known for his 116 adventurous feats.
He holds world records in flying balloons, airships, airplanes and gliders. He made five unsuccessful solo attempts to circumnavigate the globe, once barely surviving after a terrible fall of 29,000 feet into the coral sea. In 2002, he finally completed the first voyage around the world in 14 days, 19 hours and 51 minutes.
In September 2007, he disappeared while flying a plane over the Sierra Nevada.
February 15, 2008, he was officially declared dead. In October 2008, the wreck of his plane was accidentally found by some hikers near the scattered things were human bones, gnawed by predators. According to the results of the DNA examination they belonged to Steve Fossett
2. Amir Klink
Born September 25, 1955 in são Paulo, Brazil, Amir Klink — Explorer and sailor, is known for its «Antarctica 360», where he sailed around Antarctica alone 79 days in 1998.
Klink has written seven books about his travels, including «Between Two poles» which describes his trip from Antarctica to the North pole, which began in 1989 and continued for 642 days. Klink helped in the construction of the polar vessel used in this trip, called «Paraty» in honor of Paraty in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
In 2002, Klink has completed an experimental phase of their project «Trip to China» – a trip around the world through the sea route in the Arctic circle, which has never been investigated. The first phase of the project has been successfully completed between 30 January and 6 April 2002; Klink and crew left the Antarctic circle, visiting the Bay in the Bellingshausen Sea, which lies South of the Antarctic Peninsula. Also the ship stopped in South Georgia before returning to Brazil.
Amir Klink is still alive.
3. Antoine de Saint-Exupery
The author of the Little Prince, French writer and Aviator Antoine de Saint-exupéry, born 29 June, 1900, was famous for his books, inspiration for writing which he drew in his no less famous flights.
December 30, 1935 at 2:45 am, after 19 hours and 44 minutes in the air, Saint-Exupery, along with his copilot-Navigator andré prévost crashed in the Sahara desert. They tried to beat the speed record from Paris to Saigon in the popular at that time air RAID and win a prize of 150,000 francs.
They both miraculously survived the crash, but as it turned out, only in order to suffer from dehydration in the hot desert. Their maps were primitive and ambiguous. They have lost among the dunes, in stock, with a few grapes, a thermos of coffee, a single orange and a small amount of wine, it was liquids only for a day. They both began to see mirages, which were accompanied by vivid hallucinations. On the second and third day they were so dehydrated that they stopped sweating. Finally, on the fourth day they found a Bedouin on a camel, and both pilots were rescued.
4. Thor Heyerdahl
Thor Heyerdahl (1914-2002) was a Norwegian ethnographer and adventurer who became known for his expedition «Kon-Tiki» in 1947, where he crossed under a sail 6900 km of the Pacific ocean from South America to the Islands of Tuamotu in campostrini boat.
The purpose of the expedition Kon-Tiki was to prove that using only materials and technologies available to people at that time, it was possible to carry out that mission. Although the expedition had some modern equipment such as a radio, watches, charts, sextant, and metal knives, Heyerdahl argued that their contribution to the achievement of the goal was immaterial.
Heyerdahl and a small team went to Peru, where they built a boat out of balsa logs and other native materials in an indigenous style (as in the illustration). The trip began on April 28 1947 Thor Heyerdahl and his five companions crossed under a sail for 101 days the Pacific ocean before crashing into the reef in Raroia on the Islands of Tuamotu August 7, 1947
In 1969 and 1970 Thor Heyerdahl built two boats and tried to cross the Atlantic ocean, opravdalis from the coast of Morocco in Africa. The purpose of the experiment was to demonstrate that ancient mariners could have made TRANS-Atlantic crossings on sailing vessels. The first boat was wrecked, but the second still proved the statement by Thor Heyerdahl about the ancient world trip at a primitive ship.
Thor Heyerdahl died at age 87 from a brain tumor.
5. Jesse Martin
Jesse Martin the youngest round the world sailor. In 1999 Jesse Martin, who was born in 1981 in Australia, became the youngest person to single-handedly make a sea voyage around the world without stopping and without any assistance.
At 17, Martin departed Melbourne for a world trip on his yacht, called «a Brave man». He returned to Melbourne on 31 October 1999, the whole trip took 328 days and had a length of 27 000 nautical miles (50 000 km). His adventure inspired other young sailors to commit such a circumnavigation.
6. Richard Hansen
Richard Hansen is a canadian Paralympian and an activist among people with spinal cord injury. In 1980 a resident of British Columbia and the canadian athlete Terry Fox, who lost a leg to bone cancer, made a Marathon of Hope to raise interest in cancer research. Inspired by the bravery of Terry, Hansen decided to make a similar trip to draw attention to the research of spinal cord injury. However, his planned path was much more ambitious; he planned to circumnavigate the world in his wheelchair.
«People around the world» was the name of his movement, which began on March 21, 1985 from Avenue of Oakridge in Vancouver. Although before the tour the attention of the public was weak, he soon attracted international media attention. Before returning to Canada, Hansen has been driving for 26 months and has gone more than 40 000 km, runs through 34 countries on four continents. He returned to Vancouver, where he was met by thousands of fans, 22 may 1987. His movement has collected $ 26 million for spinal cord research. Richard Hansen was recognized as an international hero (as well as its inspiration of Terry Fox).
7. Alastair Humphreys
At the age of 24, Alastair Humphreys left England to ride a Bicycle around the world. His trip along the four largest continents (Africa, the Americas, Eurasia) took more than four years, and its budget amounted to $ 10,000.
England Alastair drove to South Africa, crossed the Atlantic by boat and then traveled by bike from Patagonia to Alaska. Alastair crossed the Pacific on a cargo ship and finished their expedition, returning the bike back to England from Eastern Siberia. He wrote about his adventure three books.