4 philosophical ideas to daily practical application
Philosophy is an inexhaustible and amazing source of human wisdom. Sometimes, however, some ideas become like a blurry picture far away, so it is difficult not to find a use for them in practice, but in principle, to know the essence of these mysterious wise thoughts. What good can give these hypotheses and theories to modern man? And as the understanding of the philosophy will help ultimately to improve a little the quality of your life? You’ve already seen on the pages of our journal similar articles on stoicism, postmodernism and Confucianism, but today we will gather to heap four philosophical ideas that we just can’t ignore.
1. Friedrich Nietzsche – «the Idea of the eternal return»
Of course, we already wrote about this philosopher with a luxurious moustache and his philosophy separately, but numerous works of Nietzsche and the ideas contained in them are very diverse and interesting to only a few articles. Today we focus our attention on the idea of the eternal return, which is the red line just a few well-known treatises of Nietzsche’s «thus spoke Zarathustra» and «the gay science». Now we are interested in the author’s last work, namely, the Aphorism 341 «the Greatest weight»:
«What if day or night snuck up on you in your uedinennye loneliness is a demon and say to you: «this life as you now live it and have lived it, you will have to live once more and innumerable times; and nothing in it is new, but every pain and every pleasure, every thought and every sigh and everything unspeakably small and great in your life must return again to you, and in the same manner and to the same sequence – even this spider and this moonlight between the trees, and here a moment and I myself. The eternal hourglass of existence is turned over again and again – and you with them, a speck of sand!» – Aren’t you would jump on his back, gnashing his teeth and cursing saying that demon? Or you had one day to relive a terrible moment when you would have answered him: «Thou art God, and never have I heard anything of the divine!» You master this idea, it would have transformed and you may be erased in the powder; the question that accompanies anything and everything: «do you want this again and again countless times?» the greatest burden would lie on your actions! Or how well would you relate to yourself and to life to crave nothing more, except for this last eternal identity and bonding a seal?»So, Nietzsche writes that every moment of your life will be repeated, whether you like it or not, so the attitude to this fact depends only on you and your level of existence. Are you afraid or happy? You breathe a full breast, knowing that all that matters is what is here and now, or being in a constant waiting room, hoping for a mythical change?
Let’s assume that your current life is not a repetition, but the primary round, which you are destined to again go through several years or rebirth. So how do you like the news? If you’re the «common man», Nietzsche suggests that to you, this prophecy will become a heavy burden, but, on the other hand, if you’ve achieved true greatness, for you there is no difference between the past, present or future. You’ve already won.
You must constantly ask yourself and give an honest answer whether what you’re doing right now is really the best for you? Maybe you can strain and pull myself a step above? Dude, we are talking about eternity, and it is not kidding. Develop, work on yourself, be better than you were yesterday – that’s all that should stand in the forefront of your earthly mission.
2. Socrates – «no One does evil willingly»
Or «the Good is identical with pleasure…»
Socrates believed that we all do for fun, or to reduce suffering. One way or another, consciously or not, but the man is trying to become closer to «good» (pleasure) and stay away from evil (pain that is «wrong»). The benefit is pleasure, and evil is nothing but suffering. However, the boundaries are blurred and so individual that it is easy to succumb to the temptation of substitution of concepts, and the only thing that can separate these categories will be weighted rational mind.
And if we combine these two ideas, we get the following conclusion: a rational person would never want the pain of pleasure (bad – good). So if people do something wrong, they just don’t know any better. And what to make you? Study your way to pleasure. Knowledge is what really matters. And if you smoke a pack of cigarettes a day, drinking three liters of strong coffee on an empty stomach, you probably don’t fully understand what you warned the Ministry of health.
Let the ideas of Socrates to penetrate deeply into your mind and find pleasure where you can grow, develop and change for the better. Watch your health, mental and physical, and please, be finally all to the delight of a rational person who does not strive for self-destruction and destruction.
3. Jean-Paul Sartre – «Man is condemned to be free»
The existentialism of Sartre in General very interesting. It begins with the statement that there is no God, and ends with conclusions about what it means to be human. One of his conclusions was that we are condemned to be free. Let’s read more.
Therefore, there is no God and we are born without essence. We have no divine purpose or predetermined path. We are completely free to do what we want to do, and we build our essence through our actions. Sartre is convinced that we can’t be free, so as soon as we are able to limit our freedom. Freedom is responsibility: if we are free, we can only blame us for our results, because we are the cause of our actions. Thus, only we are responsible for our own lives.
Once again we are faced with a concept that can either be burdensome or be fired. To be free is good, but it means 100% of the responsibility, but rather, at the mention of the word, you begin a nervous TIC. Exhale, and in any case we are not able to 100% control our lives, because it is the most unpredictable and crazy thing in this Universe and several others. BUT (!) this does not relieve you of liability, so if you were not the direct cause of the unfortunate circumstances, only you are responsible for actions to minimize losses. Well, or omissions.
4. Socrates Dan Millman – «whatever you do, don Wiley»
The book «Way of the peaceful warrior» and the movie «peaceful warrior» is a powerful and clearing the brain works of literature and cinema. «Socrates», or «Juice» for friends, in the book Dan Millman is the personification of the spirit of the Peaceful Warrior. And if Millmen do not think a philosopher, his character deserves such a title.
«When you’re sitting, just sit; when you stand up – stand; whatever you do – do not Wiley. Having made the choice, follow it with all your spirit. Do not be like the Evangelist that thought about the prayer service, making love with my wife, and praying, I thought about making love with his wife. It is better to make a mistake with the full force of your being than to carefully avoid mistakes shivering with fear. Responsibility means recognizing both price and enjoyment, as well as the implementation of choice based on this recognition and life choices with no regrets.»Honestly, this item have nothing to add – everything is so clear and very clear. Follow your choice «with all his spirit», as it is the only way to live a real life, and there is no sense in performing actions without enthusiasm.