10 tips to survive a plane crash
We’re afraid that rare. A good example of how we are flying on airplanes. They seem to be very dangerous, and plane crashes are scary because we think in them, no one ever survives. Meanwhile, the statistics — are stubborn things. She says that every year in automobile accidents kill more people than plane crashes, and we persist to be afraid of. Why? Thanks to disaster movies and channels that show the worst of the crash of Airliners in the most terrible world.
But, man, is not so terrible. An analysis was conducted of aircraft accidents from 1983 to 2000, and survival was nothing short of 95.7%. Of course, sometimes such accidents, when they are killing all or almost all on Board people, but is much less common than you’d think, looking at the TV screen. Even during serious accidents with fire and explosions still survives 76,6% of people.
Coupled with the relative rarity of crashes, this statistic sounds pretty optimistic, so aircraft can almost be considered the safest mode of transport. On average, reachable by car to work from home and home from work is much more dangerous, but you don’t notice it because the car has four wheels that travel on the ground.
It is important to note another interesting fact about plane crashes: 40% of fatalities accounted for by those people who potentially could survive. Think about it: a little less than half of all those killed in crashes would be alive if it reacted to the events properly.
In General, the crash is rare, but not fantastic. If you have to be in such an extreme situation as possible to increase your chances of survival? In today’s post we will give you ten tips that can help you.
1. You have 90 seconds to get out
Understanding this is the key to survival, it is frame for all the other tips in this post. If you’re still alive after you land, you have a lot of chances to get out of the plane alive, but that you have only fifteen minutes.
Most of the passengers don’t die from the collision and the fire that devours the plane after him. People can’t believe that the plane fell to the ground, and they are still alive and starting to think that the worst is over. They mostly underestimate the speed with which the fire spread over the plane. Studies show that the majority of people believes that to get out of the aircraft and for half an hour. In fact, on average they have only 90 seconds: during this time, the fire spread to the aluminum fuselage, and lights up everything and everyone that stands in his way. Yeah, sounds scary. So work hard to get your ass out of the plane during this time.
2. Whether in the form of
Moreover, the researchers calculated the average time necessary for survival, and percentage survival, so they also tried to establish what people come out of the crash unharmed (well, at least intact).
It was found that 31% of the time required for evacuation depends on differences in age, gender and volumes of passengers. To get out of the wrecked aircraft, it is necessary to Wade through narrow passages, baggage and miscellaneous broken stuff that will meet on your way. You will need to clear the road, throw away heavy items. You need to be able to slip through a narrow emergency exit. It’s difficult, if you have a lot of excess weight and you’re in bad shape.
If you’re in bad shape, not only will this reduce your chances of survival, but also endanger the lives of others, because people will have to wait until you get to the exit. When someone is stuck in the emergency exit door and does not allow others to pass, it may cause many deaths. For example, in 1991 there was an accident. In the ruins were found the remains of ten passengers lined up in the queue and waited by the back door: the man stuck in it and destroyed them all.
If you don’t exercise, you know what I want to say. If you have already embarked on the path of training, focused on the muscles that will help you to run fast and will develop strength (this is important not only in the event of a crash, but in other situations, where you have to survive). Even we have plenty of programs for training. And diet we have.
3. Choose the planes
If you have the opportunity to choose a huge ship, and use it. In accordance with the result of the research, large aircraft, during the Holocaust, absorb more energy, therefore you are at less risk and, therefore, your chances of survival increase.
4. Rule five rows
Survival depends on which seat you will occupy. As it turned out in the course of the research, the most safe places are located in the rear of the plane. With a few reservations.
Dudes who devoted his life to the study of aircraft accidents, found that all the disasters (that’s a surprise!) different. Of course, many accidents occur when the plane is stuck in the nose, so the tail and is considered more secure. However, there are cases when accidents starts with the tail or even wings. You don’t know what awaits you. Instead of trying to grab a place closer to the tail rather than try to sit near the emergency exit. Usually in disasters survive the people who are sitting five rows from the emergency exit (no matter forward or backward). Outside of these five numbers, the chances of survival drop sharply.
It is best to sit on the row where the emergency exit is. If you can get there failed, think at least about having to sit in the aisle. Not only that, you don’t have to disturb anyone to go to the toilet, so it is also improves your chances of survival to 64% (higher than the 58% chance the guy who sits near the window). You should also avoid rows near the walls. Of course, there’s more legroom, but if there’s a catastrophe, the walls will be more fragile than a front facing seat.
The rule of five numbers there are exceptions: there are people that sat in 19 rows from the output during the Holocaust and managed to survive. There is always a chance that the emergency exit door jam or in front of it will create a tube. However, in principle, the chances of survival, again, the above five rows from the exit.
5. Action plan
Often lately we are talking about normal distribution, or Gaussian curve. Our brain is so constituted that he perceives everything in accordance with this law, if the events are always evolving predictable. In a normal situation, perhaps all this would be, but the plane crash — not the case. This is an extreme situation, there is no concept of rules, and our brain can not immediately being aware of it. Instead, he starts thinking about what is actually happening, and why it is abnormal.
The normal distribution is the cause of many deaths which could have been avoided in crashes. Instead of immediately continuing after the accident, people tuplet. Someone even starts to look for hand baggage.
In a plane crash in 1977, the habit of the normal distribution killed 583 persons, it was one of the worst plane crashes in history. Two Airbus 747 collided with each other directly over the runway on the small island of Tenerife (Canary Islands, near Morocco). Shortly after the collision, one plane fell to the ground and exploded, killing all 248 aboard passengers.
The other plane fell to the ground, but did not explode. The collision tore off his upper part, and the aircraft began to burn. Survivors of the collision the passengers could leave the plane and stay alive, but it all happened very quickly. Paul heck, a passenger of this plane (which, by the way, at that time was 65 years of age), survived. He unbuckled his seatbelt, grabbed his wife’s hand and hurried to the nearest emergency exit. They, along with 68 other passengers survived, the rest died 328.
In an interview after the tragedy, heck noticed that the majority of people just continued to sit in the chairs and act like everything’s fine. Just sat and watched as the hall was filled with smoke. Researchers believe that the passengers had little more than a minute to escape before the plane burst into flames, and are convinced that if they immediately began to act, rather than continue to sit, if everything is in order, the number of survivors would be much higher.
To overcome this law of normal distribution, you should have a plan for what you will do in the event of a disaster, and his need to consider every time you sit on the plane. Remember where the exits are. When set, the output is closest to you, count the amount of separated you from it series. Even if you fly at night and the lights are out, in which case you’ll be able to navigate and understand where to go. Check out the passengers sitting next to mark, one of them will hamper your movement towards the exit. If you are traveling with children, agreed with his wife, who will be responsible for which child in case of an accident. Remember the plan until the plane stops.
Another reason why it is important to have a plan in case of emergency, is the fact that the crew little relief. Studies have shown that only 45% of cases, the crew somehow helps passengers. Be ready to act autonomously and independently from anyone.
6. Read the safety instructions and listen to the flight attendants
Another way to overcome the law of normal distribution — carefully read the safety instructions and listen to the flight attendants before the flight. Even if you fly often and have heard it a thousand times, listen to a thousand first. You may think that you know it all, but studies show that regularly flying people are less informed about what to do in case of disaster, and least of all can overcome the law of normal distribution.
After reading the safety instructions, you can remind yourself, where is the closest emergency exits and what to do in case of an emergency landing or splashdown. When you read the manual, think about your plan again.
7. Rule +3/-8
In the world of aviation +3/-8 means the first three minutes after takeoff and eight minutes before landing. According to studies, almost 80% of all accidents occur at this time. Outside these intervals the probability of catastrophe is much lower. So if you want to increase your chances of survival, you need to be especially careful during the first three minutes after takeoff and eight minutes before landing. How should this manifest itself?
- Don’t sleep.
- Not revieware before you climb aboard. During a disaster it is better to be sober.
- Fasten your seat belt.
- Repeat your plan.
Don’t be paranoid, just be alert.
8. Put on your oxygen mask as soon as it falls
Inside the plane normal pressure, so that you can breathe normally. When the plane depressurized, air enters inside out and evaporates the oxygen necessary for breathing. Therefore, the need of an oxygen mask.
When the panel on his chair, the oxygen mask falls, she needs to put on at once. Research suggests that most passengers think they can survive without the mask for one hour. No. Only a few seconds. Only a few seconds without oxygen can disrupt brain function. If you want to get out of the plane alive, you will need all your mental faculties when he lands. So just follow safety instructions and first put on your oxygen mask and then help others. You are no use if the brain is not receiving oxygen.
9. Brace yourself
I always thought that the group is very silly. Is scrutinise into a ball is easier to survive? However, research shows that grouping actually increases the chances of survival. This pose helps to reduce the vulnerability of the head and reduces the likelihood that your limbs will be in some unpredictable position.
In addition, you need to keep your seat belt buckled. They are not invented for nothing.
10. Forget about carry-on baggage, think of the children
So, the plane crashed and you were still alive. Time to get out through the back door as quickly as possible. Remember: yours in just 90 seconds.
Believe it or not believe it, but you have to remember that cabin baggage is not important. It will only take away your time, give others time to get out and maybe even do someone a mischief if you pull it too sharply. Then buy the new iPad — of course, if you survive.
In a hurry don’t forget about the children. It happens. In extreme situations, the brain grows dull. Remind yourself: «I Have children. I have children». Ideally it is better to develop with his wife’s plan, who is responsible for a child.
Someone had to survive the plane crash? If Yes, share with us the experience in the comments!