10 new inventions are not as new as everyone thought
Drones, selfie sticks, touch screens, electronic cigarette, jetpacks and other newfangled things we have seen in recent time – it all seems to have appeared only yesterday. But in fact most of the so-called «inventors» come up with just the purchase of a well-known patent. Many of these are already familiar to us the attributes of life existed for a very long time. They have their ancient prototypes, which are either not included in the production for any financial reasons, or was produced in a limited edition, and some nearly went into serial production, but was withdrawn due to poor sales.
The first selfie stick was invented long before it was released the first smartphone. The selfie-stick was definitely invented by the Japanese Hiroshi Ueda in the 1980’s. a photographer and a worker of the company «Minolta Camera Company», Hiroshi took a selfie-stick, as I could not take a picture of myself with my wife while on vacation in Europe when he asked the boy to take a picture of yourself and your wife, you little brat ran away with the camera. Frustrated, he invented what was called «Enhanced Stick.» A small camera could be attached to one end of the stick, which was equipped with a mirror, to be able to see yourself while shooting. The present invention Hiroshi patented in 1983 for mass commercial production, but his idea turned into a complete fiasco. The picture quality was extremely low, and studies have shown that women were discouraged by the idea of photographing yourself.
The selfie stick has found a new birth thanks to Wayne Fromm in 2000, three years before the patent Hiroshi passed. Fromm called his invention the «Quik Pod». He believes he is the real inventor of the selfie sticks and even sued other manufacturers of similar goods.
In 2007 Apple released the first iPhone: the first fully touchscreen phone with virtual keyboard. For many, Apple has done something new, something that never existed before. They made the first touchscreen phone. But it’s true: the iPhone was never the first sensor invention.
The year before it was released the first iPhone, LG introduced its line of full touch phone. Even he was not the first. The world’s first touch screen phone was the IBM’s Simon, which was released in 1992. But sensor technology was known before the appearance of «Simon». The first touch device was created by E. A. Johnson in 1965, it was used by air traffic controllers until 1995. Bent stamp and Fran Buck made the first touchscreen that, unlike the tablet Johnson was pressed no fingers, and a stylus. In 1985, HP made the world’s first touchscreen computer called the HP-150. In 1993, Apple also released its first touchscreen device – the Newton Personal Digital Assistant. This product was discontinued due to low sales.
The first unmanned drone was seen in 1916 when British inventor Archibald low had developed and tested the first radio-controlled car. The drone was created in order to attack the German «Zeppelins», the famous aeronautic court of the German army. The drone was made of wood and tin, and the wings taken from another biplane. In General, the drone was unsuccessful as the noise of its engine interfere with his radio signal. «Sopwith Aircraft Company» also tried to create a drone, their engineers have placed radio equipment in the tail, so that the engine does not interfere with signal, but the drone never flew as it was damaged due to an accident on the ground. Lowe tried again, scheduling a flight in 1917. The flight was partially successful, he was flying in front of several high-ranking officers, but the happiness did not last long, and when the engine failed, the accident occurred, during which several officers died.
Electronic cigarettes started becoming popular in 2012, they work by heating nicotine liquid to simulate real cigarette. Their invention is generally attributed to a Chinese pharmacist hon Lik, who is reported to have created a cigarette after he dreamed that he was drowning in a cloud of steam. His father died of lung cancer caused by cigarettes. He was penitent smoker who tried unsuccessfully to quit using nicotine patch.
The fact that hon Lik was not the first person who invented the electronic cigarette. In 1963 Herbert Gilbert made the first device in the world that could be used for inhalation of tobacco air. In the original version of Gilbert there was no form of combustion, and nicotine. He later developed a prototype that uses a battery to create heat. He also used some of the flavours of water to create the necessary steam. He provided their prototypes of various chemical, pharmaceutical or tobacco company, but they just dismissed them.
In 2012 Google introduced Google Glass, thanks to them, the computer could have been worn on the face. These glasses can be used, just walking down the street or doing some daily tasks, at the same time seeing the screen with different values, messages, etc. Have the ability to make video calls and even upload real-time video in the Internet on the go, even without using their hands. Google Glass can be very cool and modern, and they can be revolutionary, but it’s definitely not the first portable pair of computer glasses.
First computer glasses were created by Edward Thorp and Claude Shannon in 1961. In 1968, Ivan Sutherland made a «Sword of Damocles». It was the first computer display, worn on the head, and the earliest version of computer glasses that we have today. In 1980, Steve Mann, known today as the father of wearable computing, made the «WearComp», these glasses were able to provide wireless connection with other computers and even had the opportunity to share the video. He continued his work on the glass and in 1999 did something that definitely looks like a modern Google Glass. His invention he called the «EyeTap».
Wheel skates look like regular roller skates, except that the wheels are much bigger up to the size of Bicycle tires. They are a cross between a inline-skating, skiing and Biking. Recently a company called «Chariot Skates» stated that it has created a revolutionary new product for skiing. Revolutionary? Well, they at least rotate. New? The first product appeared in more than 142 years ago.
About them even wrote in the Scientific American issue of March 19, 1870. They were made by Thomas Lueders of must Illinois. Wheel was much less, somewhere around 36 inches in diameter. Lueders said that these skates can be used by anyone, regardless of physique. He was a man of large and heavy, and claimed that he could use them for two hours in a row without getting tired. Another version of wheel skates appeared in 1923, they had their own bus on the inside of the foot, not the outside.
Machines that can move without a driver – is the news in recent years. The passengers of the Autonomous car Google drove down it 480.000 kilometers, hitting just two accidents, both of which were human-caused. But Autonomous vehicles is not new. In fact, this concept could have in the days when Leonardo da Vinci invented an automatic truck which was in motion thanks to the special springs and the programmable steering of the device.
More recently, in 1958, General Motors made the Autonomous vehicle, which adjusts its steering wheel with alternating currents emitted by a wire located inside the road. But as this depends on the vehicle wiring located outside the machine, then it cannot be considered fully Autonomous.
The world’s first Autonomous car can be considered the one that created S. tsugawa’s and several of his colleagues in the Japanese mechanical engineering laboratory, Tsukuba. However, the German engineer Ernst Dickinson is regarded as a pioneer of the Autonomous car. In 1987, he developed VaMoRs, which was capable of speeds over 90 miles per hour for 20 kilometers. Seven years ago, he made a VaMP that can recognize traffic signs, understand their position on the street, the alley, to detect other vehicles and even decide when to change lanes. And the year after Dickinson and his team made another Autonomous vehicle, which was travelling from Germany to Denmark. The car could accelerate to 180 kilometers per hour and controlled by a man about 5 percent of the time from travel.
A few years ago flying bike called «Paravelo» was shown to the world. It is unlikely that this bike was designed to meet. It could accelerate to 25 miles per hour on land and up to 40 kilometers per hour in the air. He also could fly at altitudes up to 1200 metres, thanks to the large chute located at the top. What did it cool? You don’t need a pilot’s license. «Parvelo» was called the first flying bike. The title, however, does not correspond to reality.
The world’s first flying bike took place on 9 November 1961, when Derek Piggott flew from Southampton University on a bike, resembles the design of the aircraft. Derek furiously pedaled his bike to get off the ground. Then flew to 1.8 meters above the ground at a distance of 64 metres. Despite the fact that this flight was short and slow, he still does not negate the fact that it was the first flight on the bike and first bike, able to rise into the air.
In 2010, Martin Aircraft Company has introduced jetpack, which was called «the world’s First jetpack». This jetpack even ranked in the Top 50 best inventions of 2010.» And yet, the first jetpack, as it is known, took off in 1968. It was developed by Wendela Moore, a researcher with the Bells Aerosystems. Earlier prototypes of pack Wendella could reach a height of 5 meters and stay in the air for three minutes. This attracted the attention of the American army, which began to Fund the project, invested 150 thousand dollars. Later, several test flights were made specially for the US army and even the Kennedy. The army soon ceased to pay for additional research for the project, because the flight time and distance did not seem convincing enough. NASA also wanted to use jet packs on Apollo 11 as a backup in case if their monthly module will be faulty. Later they changed their minds, instead collecting Rover. After this failure, Bell Aerosystems stopped further research in this area.
Simply put, Bledeless a fan is a fan without blades. They work by drawing air into its base and then blow the air through some holes in their ring. The fan reportedly was invented by James Dyson, which called it an «Air Multiplier.» The same as flying a jetpack, it took its place in the list of «Top 50 best inventions of 2009» and in the same way as the satchel was not the first of its kind.
The first fan without blades was patented in 1981, Japanese companies called «Tokyo Shiba Electric». Although the Japanese never managed to make a fan, but the initial design James Dyson with the Bladeless looked almost the same as the design of the Japanese company, which was the reason for refusal to grant a patent. Patent Shiba Tokyo Electric has already ended, but the patent office, as before, requires some significant differences, before you can grant the patent of James Dyson. Manager Dyson does not deny the similarity between the two fans, but he also says that the difference is in the technology, and this is important.