10 faces of Death
You probably know who this Hades or the Grim Reaper. But today, we have selected for you dozens of personifications of Death have come from different countries with completely different traditions and culture, which maybe you have never heard of.
10. Mictlantecutli, The Aztec
Of mictlantecutli, or «Lord of Mictlan», was one of several Aztec gods of the underworld, or rather, he ruled very bottom, the ninth underworld Mictlan – the Northern Kingdom of the dead. Like most Aztec deities, he was associated with animals, in his case with spiders, owls and bats. Traditionally he is depicted as a bloody skeleton with a necklace of human eyeballs. The Mictlantecuhtli priests praised the deity, ritual cannibalism, and to get to him in the Kingdom could only those who died a normal death – in war, during the sacrifice and not during childbirth.
Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec God of creation and life, descended into the underworld to Mictlantecuhtli and his wife Mictlantecuhtli, for the bones of the dead to the land of them to create people, but the God of the dead suddenly changed his mind. Then Quetzalcoatl made his double, and collected in different bags the bones of women and men, but of Mictlantecutli ordered his minions to dig a hole and lure the Creator God in a trap. The last hit her, fell on the assembled bones and broke them. And who knows how it would have turned the fate of mankind if Quetzalcoatl was not able to get out of the pit and escape from Mictlan, because in the future he sprinkled his blood stolen and broken bones created men and women. That is why all people are different heights: the Creator has lost the integrity of the source material.
9. Supai, Inky
In Inca mythology, Supai was the God of death, ruler of the underworld and the leader of all existing demons. He was depicted as now depicted «modern» demons: ugly and Horny, but despite this, his image did not cause the Incas hatred. Even though he was the embodiment of evil and misery, Supai is also revered as the main conduit between the world of the living and the dead, plus everything it could to appease the ritual celebrations and sacrifices. The tradition of such festivals preserved to this day. In Peru in Puno, on the shores of lake Titicaca still is a traditional festival of Mamacha Candice, where thousands of residents of South America and the crowds of tourists, hoping to appease the harsh God for a two-week dances in colorful carnival costumes and horned.
8. Thanatos, Greece
Thanatos was the Greek God of non-violent death (in contrast to Mars in the Roman divine Pantheon), brother of the God of sleep Hypnos, the fates of moir and Nemezida. Thanatos was portrayed as a bearded man with wings, like a Christian angel, with a sword or a torch in his hand and was considered to be a direct personification of death. The house of Thanatos in Tartarus, but according to the myths, he has always lived at the throne of Hades. This deity was mentioned by Homer in the Iliad, as well as in numerous texts of Ancient Greece.
In some treatises he was laughed at because he was deceived and chained by Sisyphus, in consequence of which the people have gained immortality for a few years. When this happened, Ares, God of war, incredibly angry, seeing that on the battlefield no one dies, because he decided to deal with this case on their own: freed Thanatos, complained to Zeus, who then sentenced Sisyphus after the death until the end of time to roll on the mountain, located in Tartarus a heavy stone which barely reached the top again to slide down.
7. Donn, Ireland
Following the God of death native of Ireland. To be more precise, according to legend donn lives on the island South-West of Ireland and likes to stir up storms, destroying ships, thereby adding to the strength of his Kingdom. The interesting thing is that at first Donne was mortal. He was killed in battle when he arrived with his brothers and the army on the southwestern edge of the island during the feast of Beltane and destroyed the tribes of the goddess Danu. This angered the earth goddess, Eriu, and she threw him into the sea. At the crash site appeared the island, «resident Donna», where after the death began to sail the souls of all the dead. It is believed that to this day donn walks in the shadow world of the living, heralding disease, hunger and death.
6. Meng, China
In Chinese mythology, Meng was the goddess of forgetfulness. She lived in the realm of the dead – Dewie and helped the souls, ready for the next rebirth, to forget his past life with the help of tea of Oblivion. There is a legend that says that once a child is born, immediately after birth, began to speak of meaningful and rich language. It was because of the soul managed to escape from militiamen of the Kingdom of the dead, and from the mandatory tea ceremony, is in the soul of complete amnesia.
5. Sedna, The Inuit
In Inuit mythology, Sedna is described as the mistress of the underworld, goddess of the sea and animals.
One legend says that once she was a beautiful mortal woman who lived on the seashore with her father since her mother died when Sedna was still a child. The rumor about her beauty spread with the speed of the wind, and men from all over the world tried to win her hand and heart. Once Sedna lured to your island Seagull, singing the girl songs about how wonderful life in her house. When the ice was broken, Sedna decided to go for the bird, but, once in place, found that her new home was empty, except for fish scales, wind and snow there was nothing in it.
A year spent Sedna under lock and key until the ice has gone again, and her father came to her aid. He killed a bird and put your daughter in the boat, but was a terrible wind and storm, the husband got scared and offered the gulls to eat the daughter, only to swim away alive from these waters. Sedna tightly clutched the edge of the boat, then the father broke her fingers of one hand, which became the whales of the ocean, broke the fingers of the other hand, which has turned into an ocean of seals. Sedna fell into the water, seagulls, thinking that she was drowned, flew, and the wind died down. Father lifted Sedna in the boat, and together they swam to shore. When he fell asleep Sedna ordered his dogs to eat the hands and feet of his father, and when he awoke, he cursed her and her dogs, after which the earth opened up and swallowed them all. Since then they have remained in the underground world Adlivun ruled by to this day.
4. Anka, The Celts
In the North-West of France, the Bretons believed that Anka is the personification of death. He’s usually depicted, or as a tall, thin man with white hair or a skeleton who rides around on a cart pulled by skeleton horses, accompanied by two bizarre figures. When night falls, Anka sits in his cart and goes to collect souls throughout the countryside, stopping near the house of a dying or seriously ill. Once his cart is full, it takes the shipment to Anono, king of the underworld.
In some cultures, Anka is the first son of Adam and eve, and in other texts testify that he is the last dead husband on the night of December 31 to January 1 and change in the post previous incarnation Anka. There is also a version that Anka becomes the one one buried in the cemetery.
3. Giltine, Lithuania
Giltine was a young woman when he was buried alive for seven years. After she got out, she turned into an ugly old woman with a blue nose and a poisonous tongue who used to lick those who were doomed to death. In fact, she is the goddess of death and the embodiment of death as the Grim Reaper.
Giltine is able to change its shape and appearance, turning into objects or other people. The legend says: if a dying man sees her at the foot of his bed, he still has a chance to recover, but if Giltine is in the minds, the soul of man is the fastest time to go to the light. In the daytime she roams the cemetery and licks the corpses to receive the poison which kills people. Some of his victims, strangling Giltine. It is possible to deceive and to delay the date of death, but only for a while. In the end, Giltine catch up and get any.
2. Macau, Indian Hopi nation
Unlike other deities and the rulers of the underworld in Macau was much loved and revered by the Hopi Indian people. According to legend, he taught men the art of agriculture, and repeatedly warn them about various dangers. Called him a great friend and bodyguard, and no one feared to meet him in the underground realm of the dead.
1. AIT, the culture of the Etruscans
AITA is the Etruscan version of the death-demon with a wolf’s head. He was portrayed on funerary urns in the image of a bearded man in a lush fur hat, made of wolf skins. And that the AITA has taken the souls of the dead from the funeral urns, and led him into the world of the dead.