10 discoveries that we owe the beer
As spoken by Homer Simpson:»Beer – the solution to all life’s problems.» And it is difficult not to agree. «Liquid gold», «intoxicating ambrosia»… As it was called! Between man and beer – a genuine love. For the sake of it is ready for many things, including to create inventions that turned the course of world history. But beer was not in debt left podviga people to all kinds of discoveries and achievements.
1. To make you feel comfortable
Now ask any man, why need a fridge? He’ll immediately respond: to the beer was cold. And will be absolutely right, from a historical point of view, because the fridge was created just for this! Yes, dude, you’d be surprised, but if not «intoxicating ambrosia», that would keep you products in a bag outside the window and only in the cold season.
And all because beer has long been prepared in the cold season, in the cold, you could even say ice, atmosphere. The fact that this is an exothermic process. It generates a lot of heat, which kills the yeast and destroys the beer. It is understood in antiquity, and so for hundreds of years were chipping off blocks of ice that were in deep cellars, so the beer stayed cool and Mature, happy, delicious and rich. However, to carry ice – employment is troublesome and time-consuming. The first could not stand Carl von Linde, which operates at a nice Bavarian brewery «Spaten», which has created a revolutionary method of mechanical cooling. Yes, it more expensive than to haul blocks of ice, but soon paid off quickly, because the hard-working brewers started brewing about 5 months of the year, and for a year! Work, of course, became more and money added! Well, and then – some pluses, no minuses: Breweries began to appear everywhere, not only where you can get ice, the most popular variety was the «cold lager», and refrigerators began to evolve, becoming smaller, more accessible, and eventually become an integral part of every home.
2. Industrial boom for beer
So, beer was not creating glass, but thanks to him, glass bottles began to be produced in industrial scale. And soon everything from milk to medicines sold in glass bottles. Glass containers became one of the main examples of «industrial boom» of the early 20th century.
Michael Joseph Owens was the Creator of the first machine production of glass familiar to us. He created it considering the mass production of beer. Just beer, no milk, no wine. Beer has always been a popular drink.
Unit was liked by all, without exception, largely due to the fact which liquids were containers. In 1903, Owens created a machine that gave out 12 bottles per minute. After nine years, the machine produces 50. Thank You, Mr. Owens! We have no idea what would be our life without the cherished 0,5!
3.Pasteurization for beer
The process of pasteurization is now commonly associated with milk. Who doesn’t know, pasteurization is the heating of a substance, followed by cooling to remove harmful bacteria.
However, Louis Pasteur was a smart man, and milk, he was deeply indifferent…. His main goal was to preserve the beer. French brewers have hired a great scientist and lover of «liquid gold», in order to solve the main problem: why beer goes bad. Pasteur scientific and popular language to explain the principle of operation of the open process, and at the same moment (not before) immodestly gave him his name. It is the beer was the impetus for the opening, not milk. Just children not accepted to tell about it. Thank you dear French brewers and personally to Mr. Pasteur that we no longer drink sour beer. Well, because it was the impetus for the development of vaccines and modern medicines. Beer cares about you!
4. Thanks for the thermometer
The famous James Joule even with a mind like the Creator of the «amber water». But the brewery sent it’s not love for beer and a thirst for scientific research. It is at the brewery, he acquired the skills and knowledge for further study of mechanical heat. It’s surrounded by vats of boiling «liquid gold» made its scientific discoveries that changed physics. First of all, Joel realized that he needed a more accurate thermometer, and not the crap that is then measured air temperature. Thus was created the mercury thermometer. In addition, James in the same brewery has developed a mechanical heat ratio, which, in turn, formed the basis of the science of energy. And you know why? Because beer, not even once in the body, inspires and stimulates the brain.
5. Should be in chemistry
The pH scale, aka pH, is an integral part of modern science in several ways: it determines the acidity or alkalinity of a solution describes the optimal levels of fluids in the body and in drinking water. And all this happened because of a bunch of beer lovers, which annoyed… no, not the fact that it does not foam or taste like water, and the fact that they could not always measure his beer. Just brewers Carlsberg very psyched, not having a standard measure of describing the acidity of a product. They had to use inaccurate terms. The creation of scale allowed them to control the fermentation of their beer as well, no one repeating the process, to obtain the same result. And you used this scale in chemistry class at school.
6. Even carbon dioxide
In ancient times it was believed that air is a homogeneous substance. This we now know that it is a combination of gases. And you know why? That’s right, beer (well, what else, if the article is devoted to discoveries related to drunk water; the author is a moron). So, a certain Joseph Presley, who was lucky enough to live next door to a brewery, I noticed a mixture of gases, fell to the ground. Joseph also noted that the gas extinguishes a burning tree. «If you fell, hence, heavier than air,» guessed savvy Presley. This opened the Carbon dioxide. After he had set out to create carbon dioxide without alcohol. Seemingly absurd idea, but it got your favorite sodas. Again, not without a secret fragrant Golden beer trail.
This brilliant discovery has inspired Joseph to clarify the types of gas that floated around. Ultimately Priestley discovered not only carbon dioxide and oxygen, but six others, including laughing.
7. Beer discovered America 1
Earlier sea travel was incredibly long, boring and exhausting. A few months in the pitching, on the same ship, with the toilet behind (harsh everyday life of a sailor: swung his butt over the side, he pooped on the poop, come back). And most importantly, stop in the port for replenishment of strategic food reserves practically never guaranteed.
So smart Columbus, before leaving Spain and accidentally discover America, made sure to score the hold honey, olives, cheeses, anchovies and barrels, small bochechky and huge cans full of… no, not water, but beer! Because the water deteriorated much faster than beer and salty slurp not very tasty. For the kidneys is harmful. And the sailors loved kidneys. So it is no surprise that in long voyages did not drink anything but beer. Perhaps due to the hangover, was accidentally opened, half of the continents and land on this planet.
8. Beer discovered America 2
Continuing with the theme of the colonization of America, refer to a later period. Yes, I allude to the fact that colonization would be impossible without a drink. At that time, Europeans in General were not fans of drinking water. Largely because tasty, fun beer and wine was harder to get than a boring, tasteless, and most importantly, clean drinking water.
But the colonists had no choice. Moving further South, discovering unknown lands in the New world, they are at your own risk drank water from the dangerous waters. About the high mortality rate, I think, to say no.
In the 1600’s, when North America got the first batch of colonists, sailors, fearing for what the passengers will drink the entire strategic reserve of «liquid gold», threw them into uncharted Northern lands. It was believed that there water is better.
In search of a more habitable place, the intrepid pilgrims plied the Atlantic coast until they found refuge in the colonies of Virginia. However, fresh water in the colony was small, so there was a threat of total extinction. But in time it established a brewing infection has gone. It remains only alcoholism. This beer came to America.
9. Communism is based on beer
The original Communist Manifesto» written by Marx and Engels, led to more than a century of international political instability and tension. However, this book would never have been written if not a long drunken pub session apologists of communism – Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. One and the other, to put it mildly, was resistant alcoholics. According to the memoirs of contemporaries and comrades in the glass, the first years of Marx in the University can be described as a «wild Orgy» and «hell trash». And in recent years Maestro has completed his dissertation on the use of decalitres of beer.
Engels was more like wine. During his trip to France he was never seen sober. So, on arrival in Paris, Engels decided to meet with a longtime friend, to overturn a pint or two and discuss the meaning of life and communism. But a couple of pints didn’t stop there. As the historians say, it was 10 long, rich, beer-soaked days, during which Marx and Engels explained each other incoherent language, his understanding of communism, shared their views and eventually formed the concept of one of the most popular social institutions of the last century. And they would be able to do it without a decent dose of alcohol in the body.
10. Support for science
It’s hard to say how it influenced science, but the fact remains. Two mastodon Danish brewery «Carlsberg» and «Tuborg» – a long time sponsor of the science. All the science on alcohol holds.
Natural Sciences in Denmark are financed by the beer firm Carlsberg. Therefore, all scientists support their benefactors and only drink Carlsberg.
In turn other beer firm, Tuborg supports the Humanities and, therefore, humanitarians only drink beer Tuborg. Maybe the beer is the secret of Danish success? Don’t know, but look at the list of Nobel prize winners: Niels Bohr, Aage Bohr, Niels Jerne, Frederick Bayer, and many others. They’re scientists, 10:4.