When flourished, the Empire of Charlemagne
The reign of Charles I the Great can be called a Golden age of Empire. His name is associated with important events. His nickname «the Great» he received during his lifetime, and this is no accident. Many large expeditions were under the leadership of this experienced commander, and it was not nearly a single defeat. When flourished, the Empire of Charlemagne, it is hard to say, because all that he did and was doing, led to the strengthening and establishment of a mighty Empire.
Biography Of Charles I The Great
Charlemagne (2 April 742/747 – 28 January 814), Frankish king, the eldest son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada Lanskoy. By its name, the dynasty became known as the Carolingian. To date, no known place of birth, but there are facts that prove that it happened in the city of Aachen. Even when life has earned him the nickname «the Great».
The beginning of the Board
After the death of his father, Pepin the Short, Carl, along with his younger brother Karamanos was anointed to reign. They didn’t get along from an early age. Mother tried to make friends brothers since childhood, but it was useless. After the accession to the throne Karl and Carolyn divided the inheritance among themselves. Big brother went to earth in the form of a Crescent, which stretched and covered the possession of the younger brother. The feud with childhood did not die between Charles and his younger brother.
The environment of Carolina tried to embroil them. Come down to the fact that in the year 769 an uprising provoked by Mr Gunalda, was suppressed by Charles, the younger brother refused to help a senior. The conflict was growing with uncertain speed, if not the death of Carolina in 771 year. After this event, Charlemagne began to seek help from former allies of his brother, in consequence of legalized all the lands belonging to his once-gone relative.
The war with the Saxons
The war with the Saxons we can say, the longest and worst in the time of Charles the Great. All combat event lasted until 804 and the year as a whole amounted to thirty-three years. Constant raids, looting and robbery, forced the king to start a war between the Saxons and Franks. The invasion happened in the year 772, was accompanied by the destruction of pagan shrines of the Saxons and of the fortress Irasburg. Saxony became part of the Frankish state and adopted Christianity.
The war in Italy
In 773 – 774, on the invitation of Pope Hadrian I, Charlemagne began a defensive action against the Lombards. After the latter were defeated, Charles was crowned on the Italian throne. Immediately followed by actions aimed at the reaffirmation of the right of the popes to the Church area. Strange is the fact that after the uprising against the Pope in the year 800, the title of Emperor for Charlemagne was not accepted by the Byzantine government, and only in the year 814 he was awarded it.
All the internal structure of the country was reduced to a feudal system. Charlemagne, in his submission had sworn him know. They were to appear on the battlefield with his subjects. The king constantly issued orders that encouraged all farmers to find a lady.
The whole Empire was divided into districts. Each district had its own monarch, appointed from the local nobility. On behalf of the Emperor had been the courts with the jury. Control of such a system of government, made so-called «sovereign ambassadors». Every year, the Emperor organized the «may conferences». At these events, Charlemagne was introduced to the secular representatives of the Church and the nobility, decrees that affected all spheres of life of the Empire.
Carl cared about the arrangement of his Empire. Felled forests, drained swamps, and in their place was erected the town and the Church. Agriculture also was not a party. Different steps had been taken to his arrangement.
Not enough time Charlemagne was paid to the problems of the Church. Constantly involved in meetings and discussions, having a good relationship with dad, participated in the decision-making in the appointment of bishops.
Glory to the Great Emperor dispersed throughout the world. Every ruler considered it necessary to Express a tribute to Charles I. this is evidenced by numerous gifts. One of the most unusual and expensive was the elephant, who was named Abul – Abbas.
Charlemagne was a man, not literate. But he is always kind to education and science. This fact suggests that in the year 787, the light went out a decree on the establishment of schools. They were created in monasteries. In the year 789, the education Ordinance, Carl ordered the entire male population required to get an education, but the resolution was never implemented in life. Carl has created a scientific circle, which was called the Academy. As a result, there were studied the Latin alphabet. The interest of the Emperor to the antiquities and myths, made him oblige to know to write songs and tales in the vernacular. In the future there was designed by Karl German grammar.
806 Charles I the Great bequeathed all his inheritance to his three sons: Louis, Charles and Pepin. But fate decreed thus: in 810, Pepin dies, and in 811 year Carl Young. The only heir left Louis. It shortly before his death, Charlemagne was crowned. It happened in 813. On 11 September the order was given to call Louis the Emperor Augustus.
The Death Of Charlemagne
Shortly after the transfer of the title to his son, Charlemagne, was struck by a terrible fever. At the beginning of January to the symptoms and added acute pleurisy that was fatal. The Emperor was buried in the Palace Church of Aachen.
When flourished, the Empire of Charles I, hard to say. The entire period of rule was marked by events which in varying degrees, witnessed the prosperity. Many trips, domestic policy, good relations with the Church – all this is the framework for a strong Empire.