What is turmeric and how it is useful
The name ‘turmeric’ is found almost daily in our life and many people encounter it without even knowing. After its application it is not only in cooking because of its taste, but also in medicine, cosmetics, industry. So what is turmeric and why is it useful?
Turmeric is a plant that grows in India and Asia. Has more than 40 varieties, each of which is its application. In food, as a rule, there is a powder made from the dried root. It has a mild taste and pleasant aroma. Of the stem and leaves get the medicinal extracts and essential oils are used in medicine and cosmetology.
The most common types of turmeric grown on an industrial scale:
The composition of turmeric
The composition includes turmeric essential oils and their constituent components, a large number of micro-and macronutrients, vitamins.
- vitamins — K, C, b, 1, 2, 3;
- trace elements — calcium, iodine, phosphorus, iron, potassium, selenium, zinc, sodium, manganese;
- substances contained in essential oils — tsingiberen, terpene alcohols, Sabinin, borneol, and curcumin, phellandrene.
Of course, cooked in the flavor in its pure form contains only a microscopic dose of nutrients, but the medicinal extract of leaves and essential oil has received well-deserved place in medicine. Great attention is paid to curcumin, that is part of the essential oils.
Since ancient times, the valuable properties of turmeric have been known and widely used in folk medicine of China and India. Today the healing properties of this unique plant not only has not lost its popularity, but also successfully used in pharmacology. As a result of research it has been proven:
- Daily consumption of spices, helps the healing of gastric ulcers in 50% of cases.
- Intake of turmeric is beneficial for people with liver problems. The extract of this plant is part of the preparations for the treatment of liver cirrhosis. Also reduces the toxic effects of alcohol and certain medications.
- Pasta on the basis of turmeric is an excellent antiseptic and reduces inflammation for burns, promotes healing of wounds.
- Seasoning and the drinks made on its basis, promotes the breakdown of fat and improves the metabolism, which makes it perfect for the diet.
- Is a natural analogue of a sugar substitute.
- Reduces the risk of developing childhood leukemia.
- Turmeric can destroy cancer cells.
- Being an antibacterial agent, helps in viral diseases.
- Helps slow the development of multiple sclerosis.
- Helps to achieve a more effective treatment with chemotherapy.
- Inhibits the development of Alzheimer’s disease.
- Turmeric extract has a positive effect on the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the joints.
- Regular use in pure form or in the form of supplements, helps to strengthen the immune system.
- The drink is infused with the root of the curcuma is a wonderful natural tonic and detoxifies.
- Masks and creams, which include turmeric, significantly slow down the aging process.
But scientists do not intend to stop on achieved results, and conduct research on the effects of turmeric on various diseases.
The use of turmeric
A pioneer of the use of turmeric as a spice and a medicine was India. Today, turmeric is the most common spice in the world due to its properties and high price. In the food industry extract, derived from turmeric, called turmeric, or E-100, it is used as a food additive to various products. It gives a nice yellow color.
Each of the 4 types of turmeric that are grown in industrial scale, depending on their flavor and aromatic properties, has some application:
- Curcuma — from its roots are made of various spices to use with meat, fish or vegetable dishes. It adds color and flavor.
- Fragrant turmeric — used in the preparation of confectionery, and has a stronger flavor than curcuma.
- Zedoaria — on pieces of roots of this turmeric insist alcoholic beverage or medicinal tincture.
- Round turmeric — used as an industrial crop.
Turmeric in the industry
Turmeric has been widely used in the food industry, because with the addition of this spice is changing not only the taste but also the color of the dish. It is because turmeric is a natural dye and does not cause harm, it is used in production for touch-up:
- confectionery products;
- wine — vodka products;
- ice cream;
Also turmeric is used for dyeing fabrics. In the manufacture of cosmetics is not only used as a dye, but a substitute of hyaluronic acid, which is known for its rejuvenating effect. Pharmacology turmeric is used in many pharmaceuticals and bioactive additives.
Despite the large number of useful and medicinal properties, in turmeric, like every product, there are a number of contraindications, which should not be abused of this spice:
- Doctors not recommended simultaneous reception of turmeric and drugs.
- Turmeric is a strong cholagogue, therefore, contraindicated in case of problems with the gall bladder.
- Can not be taken with hepatitis.
- Not recommended for use during pregnancy and lactation, as it may increase uterine tone and can cause diathesis in children.
- Patients with gastritis, accompanied by high acidity.
The birthplace of turmeric is India, and only after a while she began to spread across Asia. But today the main supplier of turmeric in the world is China.
- Some believe that saffron and turmeric are one and the same. No. It’s completely different spices, just unscrupulous sellers issue cheaper seasoning (turmeric) for the road.
- Is a mistake, turmeric, ginger, one and the same. They just belong to the same family. To distinguish turmeric can be a bright orange root.
- Turmeric In India and is currently used during wedding ceremonies.
- In some countries it is very popular tea with turmeric.
- According to some Indian beliefs, it is forbidden to use turmeric in food.
- In India turmeric is considered a female spice.
Turmeric for women
At all times the woman was and remains the Keeper of the hearth. And, knowing the miracle of the possibility of such cheap spices, it will always be fully prepared. No wonder India believe this spice female, because you can cook an incredible amount of cosmetics. Thanks to the bactericidal properties of the root, mask of turmeric reduces inflammation and allows you to achieve a lifting effect.
Isn’t it magical female spice? After all, it can help to make a fancy dinner with a great dessert, to maintain health and to indulge in a variety of masks without spending money on expensive products.