What is morality?
Humanity care about many philosophical questions that lead to the creation of a variety of genres. For example, scientists delve into the study of what morality is. What lies behind this concept? The common man can be difficult to define this word.
Intuitively everyone around understands what it means morality, however treatment face is extremely vague. However, understand this word in different ways in existing movements and exercises. It is necessary to consider known systems that paid attention to this issue.
The concept of morality
Very often, when this word POPs up in literature or colloquial speech, it is almost complete synonym of morality. As well understand it and then, when discussing ethical issues. So you should for starters find out what is moral.
The first time this term was introduced by Cicero. In Latin the word was designated as the moralitas, it comes from another Latin concept – mores, was defined as any generally accepted traditions and unspoken rules.
Under the morality is taken to mean the common opinion about good and evil, right and wrong. This results in different behaviours. Basically, morality is something extremely common, so isolated, for example, Christian or bourgeois morality.
The problem is that good and evil, which is based on this term is a separate subject of debate to philosophers. For anybody not a secret that the good for one person may be evil for another. Despite this duality, generally accepted ideas still exist. It is worth bearing in mind when it comes to this term.
There is a whole philosophical discipline, whose members intensively studying the features of morality. It’s called ethics, from the ancient Greek concept meaning «luck» or «custom».
What is morality?
It is easy to understand the definition of morality, knowing what is moral, though in some philosophical systems, these terms are separated. In these situations, morality is a part, component or a level of General morality. The word itself appeared in the Russian language is closer to the end of the eighteenth century. It was first found in the «Dictionary of the Russian Academy», which was released around 1789.
Most often this term is considered in the philosophy of Hegel and in Marxism. According to Hegel, the spirit must rise above the subjectivity of the free will of self-determination. So he can prove himself subject validly and start thinking objectively. This manifests itself, primarily, with the help of law. There are three key rights of ownership, contract and punishment. If rights are violated, in spirit there are moral requirements, goodness and justice.
This requirement is opposed to debt, which is defined as cruel and unjust will. The spirit is exempted from this due to the duality of morality. In this case, the subject realizes itself as one with moral substance in its major manifestations. They are the family, society and the state. Hegel believed that the last has to be the ultimate embodiment of rationality and morality.
In the works of Karl Marx were considered the next aspect of this question. The author wrote that once a person receives knowledge from the outside world, then this world must be such as to give a decent experience and a real relationship. He believed that it was necessary to ensure that the interests of each coincide with common interests.
Thus, according to Marxism, it is important not to punish criminals but to eliminate their causes of crime. In society there must be a place for everyone. Since the character depends on the circumstances, it is necessary to create favorable circumstances.
Features of morality
The word morality can be understood as an internal assessment of the personality of their actions, in this respect, the word is very close to the notion of conscience. Moral actions are those that are just not possible or permissible, and there are exceptionally good, bearing good. Immoral deeds, on the contrary, contrary to ethics, are harmful and unacceptable.
Morality is not an innate quality of every human being. Not only that, she is influenced by circumstances, and often it does not develop at all. Just look at children. No matter how hard parents, children rarely think (or rather, almost never think) about good or evil. All their actions and decisions depend on the simple position – what they like and what they don’t. Unfortunately, this worldview is not often disappears with age.
It is believed that the moral person sees his actions from the point of view of how faithful they are ethical. Often whole life is defined by this, but not all. Interestingly, it was conducted an unusual study whose results indicate a very small percentage of decent people in Russian-speaking countries.
The perception of morality
Often, people perceive this factor as something mediocre – it can be as long as does not interfere. At the same time he kind of person that’s easy for me about morals, if faced with someone who crossed her.
The problem is that many people simply cannot see their own immoral actions. It all depends on the depth with which a person evaluates themselves. Can he not see the flaws in their decisions, and therefore consider myself quite moral.
Still more complicated by the fact that to determine what is good, extremely difficult. The same action in different circumstances can be an act of moral and criminal. For example, in some countries men will hate for bigamy, as in other Nations of four wives is not so much.
Morality goes hand in hand with the concept of good, which is so complex. Often people take it only to themselves. Classic example – «If I took the cows, it is good, but if they were taken from me – that is evil.»
For the correct perception of morality is to think about others and what’s good for them. Such actions should not cause harm, they must make people healthy and happy. True morality cannot exist without considering the interests of other people.