What is the hummus and how it is eaten
Those who once visited in the Eastern countries such as Israel, Turkey and Lebanon, without slowing down say that this hummus. This spicy cold appetizer so popular in these regions and is considered quite a traditional dish. If you want to know what kind of treat it, the following information will be useful for you.
Hummus – spicy cold appetizer, their appearance and texture similar to pate. The photo shown in the article clearly show. This dish is made from chickpea (garbanzo peas), seasoned with spices and herbs, as well as the addition of sesame paste, which in the Eastern countries called tahini. Such ingredients can tell what hummus tastes like.
Low-calorie, but at the same time very hearty hummus has become one of the favorite dishes of vegetarians and supporters of proper nutrition. After all, one tablespoon of this product contains more than 25 calories. In addition, it is extremely useful delicacy, as the basis of this dish is the chickpeas. He is known, helps to regulate the blood sugar levels. Moreover, in this product in excess contain fiber and other nutrients that positively affect the vital functions of the body.
The history of hummus
Mention of this product in Europe appeared only half a century ago, but in Eastern countries, this dish is known for a very long time. Greece, Cyprus, Turkey and many consider hummus as its traditional and even national dainties, and have been arguing with each other, where it first appeared, and which state was the birthplace of this delicacy. In historical documents there is no direct evidence, but we know that a dish that resembles hummus in ancient centuries, mentioned in the annals of the States of the Mediterranean and the Middle East.
But they give only erosive response. For example, the legends show that for the first time this dish was cooked great Islamic leader Saladin, who was Sultan of Egypt and Syria in the twelfth century. According to other documents, it became known that the hummus recipe was discovered in one Arab cookbook of the thirteenth century. But this is not all versions, so the debate about «the field» hummus not soon subside.
How to prepare this yummy
This dish is usually served as an appetizer or as a sauce for pita bread or lavash. In addition, this delicacy goes well with corn chips, traditional Oriental flat cakes or bread. Traditionally this dish is forbidden to eat with a spoon, because in this way you will not know what is hummus. And how to eat it in this case? In order to experience the charm of this delicacy is necessary to dip a piece of pita or other breads in the sauce and then savor the taste. This method is preferable in any Asian restaurant.
Each country has their own recipe for cooking this dish. For example, Turkey is considered a mandatory ingredient olive oil. Therefore, it is generously added to the hummus. In Lebanon, on the other hand, this ingredient is not particularly favorable, and only a few drops of dish sbrazhivaetsya before serving. In addition, different countries and different herbs and spices that are added to this treat. For example, Egypt is considered a traditional caraway, while in Palestine prefer pine nuts, but for Lebanon the main ingredient is parsley or sumac.
In addition, hummus is quite often added mushrooms, eggs, cilantro, tomatoes or cucumbers. But still there are few foods that are considered to be the basic set of cooking this dish:
- Chickpeas or garbanzo beans.
- Ground sesame seeds or paste.
- Lemon juice.
- Red pepper.
- The coriander.
From all the above it can be understood that a specific «correct» recipe you want to cook this dish does not exist. And if you want to create a «masterpiece», first of all, be guided by a basic set of products, and have him add any ingredients as desired. If you still don’t know what hummus taste like, now’s the time to try out some simple recipes.
This recipe is traditional for Israel and for its preparation you will need the following products:
- 300 grams of chickpeas.
- 7 tablespoons of lemon juice.
- 100 grams of sesame seeds.
- Half spoon of cumin.
- A small handful of pine nuts.
- Spices and herbs to taste.
Peas moved and washed, and then fill it with water a few hours for swelling. Next, the water is discharged, and the product is cleaned from the skin, after which it is again filled with water and put on a slow fire. The cooking process will take approximately two hours. Then the broth is drained into a separate bowl because he is still useful in the future. Next, you need to fry the sesame and cumin for three to four minutes, they should stir from time to time, then grind in a spice grinder. To the mixture add salt and few drops of olive oil and chickpeas and other spices and whisk well. It only remains to add pea broth and lemon juice and stir to mix everything until smooth. The finished dish decorate with greens and nuts and serve it both hot and cold.
A dish of hummus with tahini
- Chickpeas – 300 g.
- Tahini – one spoon.
- A little olive oil.
- The juice of a lemon.
- Salt and garlic to taste.
The cooking process:
Soak the chickpeas overnight, then you need to grind the peas and all other ingredients in a blender until smooth mass. If you like spicy food, you can add a little red pepper. In this recipe, use raw chickpeas, so the treat becomes more useful. But if you want you can slightly cook the peas.
Option is with eggplant
- Eggplant – half a kilo.
- Garbanzo beans, canned – 400 g.
- 60 gr. olive oil.
- Two full tablespoons of tahini.
- Lemon juice.
- Salt and black pepper.
The cooking process:
Washed and peeled eggplant cut into small cubes, then put them in the oven, preheated to 200 degrees for 20 minutes. Canned chickpeas without water put in blender, then add baked and cooled eggplant and all the other condiments and spices and carefully grind the mixture to puree. The finished dish is put in a plate and decorate with greens, and then served to the table.
For this dish you will need the following products:
- A little less than half a Cup of fresh Basil leaves.
- Boiled garbanzo beans – 400 grams.
- Tinned beans.
- Olive oil – three spoons.
- A few cloves of garlic.
- A few tablespoons of lemon juice.
- Salt and pepper as desired.
Before you start making this hummus, you need to parboil the leaves of grass, and then immediately dip them in very cold water, a little dry and put in blender. Next, in a bowl add all other ingredients except lemon juice. Now we need to add only one spoon of this ingredient, and others enter in the process of whipping weight. Not be afraid to try the mashed potatoes, the dish is not too acidic. Ready hummus shift in a deep bowl and served with corn chips. For this recipe you can use other herbs, such as parsley, cilantro or Basil if for any reason you are not satisfied.