What is the homonyms in the Russian language — examples

In the process of language learning we have to learn more terminology. Students need to understand what homonyms, antonyms, synonyms, and many other concepts. Although it isn’t an easy task, you can gradually delve into the most intricacies of the Russian language.

what is the homonyms

What is a homonyms?

What is the homonyms in the Russian language? The answer to this question can be found within the term. It consists of two roots taken from Greek language. The first translates as the same, and the second name. Thus, homonyms are words that have different meanings but sound the same and written.

Interestingly, this concept appeared in about three hundred years before the Christian era. It was created by Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher, Creator of the comprehensive system of philosophy.

Homonyms are often confused with other similar concepts. For example, there are also homophones and homographs.

  • The homophone homonym is different from the fact that, despite the same sound, such words had different spelling.
  • With homographs all the way around. Although these words look exactly the same, they have different meanings and are pronounced in different ways. Typically, this is achieved by changing the stress.



There is another term that is similar to the concept of a homonym. The polysemy are the words which are written in a similar way, sound the same, but they have historically different meanings. The main difference from a homonym is that the words related to polysemy come from the same language, but have become multivalued.

To determine whether the word is a homonym or polysemy is very simple. Just look at what happened the concept. For example, the concept of boron is the value of the forest and chemical element. However, the «pine forest» — words that come from the Slavic language, and boron-a chemical element originated from the Persian term «drill». So, these words are homonyms.

If we take the word «ether», which may either be the value of a certain substance and meaning of the speech, you will notice that they all come from the ancient Greek concept of mountain air. Thus, it is the polysemy.

Not everyone studying linguistics, clearly delineates the polysemy and homonyms. Some perceive the first as a special case of the second. However, if the word is different parts of speech, then it is safe to say that it is a homonym.



The homonyms there are three main groups.

  • Full or absolute homonyms are words that will remain a coincidence, even if the initial form is changed. That is full of homonyms, and examples of them are as follows: the outfit (dress) – outfit (order).
  • The second option – partial homonyms. These words usually differ in any one case or in several forms. A classic example is the word «please». If you put it in plural and genitive, the word for an animal to be «weasels», and refers to tenderness – «caresses».
  • The third kind – grammatical homonyms, also called motormate. These notions coincide only in a strictly defined form, sometimes two or three, and sometimes only one. As an example, the numeral «three» is a homonym of the verb «to RUB», but only in two variants («three», «three»).


Another similar term is the homonyms of the word apomorphine. In this case, attention is directed not a word, but a particular morpheme. This part of the word looks and sounds the same but differ in meaning from similar morphemes.

Generally considered an example with the end.

  • First and foremost, that ending denotes the feminine gender verbs.
  • It is used to image many nouns in the second declension.
  • In addition, such a termination creates the noun genitive.


Although almost always about homonyms remember in connection with the rules of the Russian language, the same word is part of a taxonomy. Taxonomy is the study which considers the different principles of classification.

Each group consisting of objects and are part of the classification is called a taxon record. In this case, a homonym is a biological taxon, i.e. a certain biological group, which by its name is identical (or almost identical) other taxon, but differs by item type.

In such homonyms have their own gradation. The Tucson, which came first, is called a senior homonym. Later groups are called Junior.

Sometimes at first the group have different names, but then they are transferred to another species or genus. If in this case the name became a homonym, those that existed previously, are the primary homonyms, and appeared in connection with the transfer – secondary.

As a rule, if people are taxonomic homonyms, they are trying to eliminate them. Preference is given to senior homonyms and Junior created other names.


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