What is the conscience, the definition of the word conscience?
How often someone asks to «have a conscience» or is interested in, not torment us from certain actions. However, what is conscience? Hardly anyone is confident enough to give the interpretation of the concept. Can’t give very clear explanations and dictionaries, but should at least try to understand this question.
What is conscience?
What is conscience? Often, the answer to this question is as follows is the ability of someone else to determine their moral obligationto engage in self-control, and to evaluate their actions. In simple terms, is a way to Express their moral identity.
The manifestation of conscience is divided into two types. First, it is certain actions that man commits, in connection with a particular moral overtones. Secondly, it is the emotions that she feels in some actions – guilt, or the so-called «remorse».
Almost everything about this issue is shrouded in mystery. For example, how do people have a conscience? Some scientists believe that this happened as a result of evolution, while others hold intuitive theories.
Evolutionary theory is based on the fact that over time people noticed that their selfish actions hurt loved ones, and for them they are blamed or punished. Good deeds, on the contrary, are welcome. Some scientists believe that such gradually learned a person to congenital level, but not everyone agrees.
The basis of this theory is that the conscience is perceived as the property of a man, given to him by nature. In this case, is not denied the fact that the degree of development can change and improve, in connection with different conditions, however, the fetus is a fact.
Innate explains the absolute nature of conscience, but the proponents of this theory also interfere in the question of a higher power, God, therefore such an explanation cannot be considered purely scientific. It retained the word «theory» only in name, as a tribute to traditions.
Description of conscience
About describing what is conscience and what it means, scientists have turned to other aspects of the question. In particular, they raised the psychological issue, the selection of the types and manifestations.
Almost all people’s opinions differ. Some believe that in the animal world there are manifestations of conscience, others hold a completely opposite opinion, and even find examples of such.
We consider separately the definition of conscience in children. This period helps to consider exactly how consciousness of human actions. The key ingredient is shame. Some scientists even believe that shame is the only manifestation of conscience. Regardless of whether it’s true or not, this feeling is seen in children, and it is obvious that it is present in varying degrees. It is usually affected by upbringing and environment.
Trying to understand the meaning of conscience, we should not assume that it is characteristic only of highly developed people. Many scientists want to see savages and tribes with low degree of culture as people who do not feel shame and guilt, however, even the oldest works of travelers easily prove otherwise.
Numerous peoples and tribes appreciate the shame is much higher for residents of cities, and this despite the fact that they go completely naked. Simply put, the culture and the degree of moral consciousness almost nothing to do.
Conscience and criminology
Separately widely consider what conscience from the point of view of criminology, and this is not surprising. It’s hard to believe that it exists in thieves or serial killers. However, the decomposition of this type of consciousness, which held Despin allowed to shed light on its nature.
In this sense, allocate the conscience of the crowd, the influence of mass consciousness one person and a psychological change in people feral and degenerate peoples.
Today, scientists and philosophers continue to discuss the question of the emergence of conscience and its development. Some believe that such a self does not change with age or arrival into another society, however, changes occur in the mind, and he, in turn, could affect the conscience. She’s trying to break, sending the person an unbearable sense of guilt, shame, and remorse.