What is romance — definition
The song is a musical composition vocal character, which is written referring to the verse form is not very high content, mainly its subject — love. This chamber musical, poetic creation is created for the voices and accompanied by instrumental.
Romance in history
The term first appeared in Spain in the middle ages. First «romance» was a secular song, but after a while, spread to other countries. In some of them and today the song and the song refers to under one certain word.
The song comes from songs, and appeared in the fifteenth century, but was fully formed in the nineteenth. Special furor occurred in the late eighteenth century in such countries as Russia, France, Germany. Significant mark in the development of the romance left the creative work of the famous German poets Heine and Goethe. Even established schools of romance that were considered national.
Since the nineteenth century and early twentieth, together with traditional romance began to develop household, which concentrated on of Amateur singers.
To Russian romance the most difficult time was the end of 1930, when it was considered a relic of the tsarist regime and was subjected to persecution. Artists were silenced, and those who disobeyed were subject to repression. The revival started only in the seventies.
The idea of romance
His form of romance is very similar to the song. The difference is that in this work the deviation in the size and definition of cycles. You can also find some deviations, which are called insertions or extensions. The vocals here are clear and clearly outlined melody. The melody is also slightly different from other musical works.
In most cases the chorus, but a refrain of a romance, is missing. Here, special importance is sending a text mood than illustration details. The emphasis is on the melody, not the accompaniment.
Romance refers to the chamber music and accompany it with just one musical instrument. Although sometimes it is done and orchestral accompaniment.
In this type of works, both text and music have equal rights. If this is not adhered to and to give preference to one thing, then the romance itself loses its essence.
The song was divided into several varieties of the genre:
- Romance with dance rhythms.
How to recognize a romance?
This work can be recognized by the following features:
- The lyrics for romance in most cases the lyrical character, devoted to some experiences, mostly love.
- The romance mood is always solid. The emotional spectra are very diverse, giving the opportunity to select each student that is closer.
- Ringtones of the song from the song are different to those that reflect more the nature of the poetic text. Expresses the rhythm and intonation.
- Given that in most cases in romance and expressed love experiences, vaguely reminiscent of the dialogue. The basis of the works there are a couple of heroes, and high quality workmanship expresses intimacy and seclusion.
Considering the song as a vocal and poetic genre, we can see. What’s in it perfectly combine triangular structure:
Sometimes in the Opera can also be found in the romances.
Varieties of Russian romance
In Russia almost at the same time with classical chamber romance began to develop household. It was divided into three areas:
- Romance cruel.
- Of romance urban.
- Gypsy romance.
The first of them appeared in the city and the suburbs, where they lived mostly commoners. They began creating their own subculture, which originally consisted of folk songs, dances, painting on bast, including romance. Since this time, all such actions were not welcomed, and this is – «cruel».
The genre of this song is nearly impossible to determine. Its main features was restricted to the story and always ended it or domestic murder or suicide, or death associated with some grief, but if it was about love, only unrequited.
But after a while, when all was quiet, he gave impetus to the creation of urban romance. Unlike the cruel direction, from the point of view of literature, it is more harmonious than its predecessor.
Starting from the city of romance, began the development of such genres:
- Thug songs.
- Author’s song.
- Russian chanson.
Underworld song extols the weight of life and morality in the criminal environment. This genre focused on people who are in prison, or very close to criminal conduct. First, he found supporters in the Soviet Union, but after a while it became popular in the CIS countries.
Songs appeared later. Their peculiarity is that a particular author there, and if there is, it is «unknown». Here, too, the basis of life prisoners in camps, the living conditions in these places.
After some time, among thieves ‘ songs started appearing the works which are slightly deviated from the subject of the crime, although they also present the same melody, the jargon, the view of the world. This genre of music called Russian Shanson.
Nowadays you can hear anywhere. Fans of Russian chanson, as the performers, not necessarily convicted or those who already served his sentence.
Gipsy romance though created in Russia, but they were combined as the Russian texts, and Gypsy.
The variety of the world of romance
In addition to the above, still there are such types of romance:
- Romans-response and others.
But always unchanged and has not lost its popularity as a classic romance.
Many composers try to stick to the basics of romance, as a tradition, for decades. At the same time trying to give him something unusual and special. For example, in the sixties created these works, which were designed for more than one voice, but it was already closer to vocal-symphonic works.