What is phonetics?

It’s a word many have heard in Junior high. The children painted the different signs and symbols, trying to understand the sounds that are in a particular word. Few people focused on what the phonetics, because the simplicity hides many aspects.

what is phonetics

What is phonetics?

From a technical point of view, it is defined as a branch of linguistics that focuses on the consideration of the speech sounds. This science incorporates both written, oral, and even inner speech. The last is the words as if a person says mentally. When someone reads a book or writes something, he often says the text and in the head.

In addition, phonetics examines the functioning of the articulatory apparatus, which is also called pronunciation. Essentially it is a system of human organs, including the oropharynx, nasopharynx, teeth, lips and some other components.

In order to understand phonetics, we must also remember that it considers the acoustic phenomena and how they perceive different speakers of a language.

For this science each sound is a specific component of the language system. It helps to create the words, different words, helps to Express them in a certain tangible form. Without all this communication between people would be impossible.


Division of phonetics

Scientists deep in the science, studying its various aspects. For example, we distinguish articulation, which considers the work of the organs of speech at the moment of pronunciation of the sounds.

The physical aspect focuses on the vibrations of the air, for change of frequency and amplitude. The basis of the phonological aspect is the consideration of the phonemes, the concentration in a specific language. Perceptual also explores how language is perceived by the other person that hears it.

Science itself has several sections. The first is called General phonetics. It examines the various patterns that are present in all languages. This includes consideration of speech, classification of sounds and the compilation of the phonetic units.

Comparative phonetics focuses on the features of the languages. As the name implies, it compares different options to use turned out to be the intricacies to understand the patterns.

Historical industry looks at how language has changed over time, explores a variety of proto-language.

Descriptive phonetics, as a rule, studies the phonetic structure of the language, which is spoken by modern man.


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