What is parsing sentences
During the study of Russian grammar, we are faced with such a thing as syntax. It means the ways that allow you to combine words in a sentence. Thus, the analysis of proposals for its components, is called syntax. In the third grade of secondary school, children are taught first, the parsing of simple sentences with complex they have to deal with later. So what is the parsing of sentences of the Russian language?
What is parsing of the sentence as it is
School Russian language course taught us how to parse sentences into individual components for analysis and determination of the structure of the sentence. Children, it will help to correctly place required in the rules, the punctuation.
There are different orders of analysis. Sometimes, analysis of a complex sentence is, as a characteristic of individual units. In other cases a complex sentence is parsed into components. What offer you need to disassemble the used one or the other scheme. But there is a General procedure which can use it.
The plan, which is used in the analysis of the proposals
If you need to make an analysis of the proposal that is complex, it is customary to use the following scheme:
- Determine the type of proposal, based on the goal statements: narrative, interrogative and stimulating.
- Determined offer type of emotion: scream (contains an emotional outburst), newsletterno (no emotional speech).
- Define grammatical fundamentals in order to explain why the proposal is complex, you have more than one grammatical foundations.
- Define the Association between several simple sentences, which are an integral part of the complex.
- Identifies the types of proposals based on used unions. It is known that complex sentences are divided into compound and compound.
- The feature of compound sentences is that it provides a characterization of all existing fittings. Separately specified means of communication.
- A distinctive feature of complex sentences is the fact that they highlighted main and subordinate part, indicating the bonding agents.
- In asyndetic sentences are necessary to describe semantic relationships.
- If in a complex sentence, there are different connection, you need to give them a comprehensive description, reviewing the components of simple sentences.
- Prepared scheme proposals after which it is put necessary punctuation.
Using this manual, you can do parsing of any offered proposal.
How to dismantle complex sentences, which are asyndetic
A distinctive feature of these proposals is the absence of unions between their separate parts. They will be replaced by punctuation.
Example: «Dawn, on the street there were passers-by». In this case the first part of «dawn» and the second «on the street there were passers-by». Between them there are no unions, but there is a comma.
Example: «I looked out the window and saw the sun shines brightly». We see that the first part — «I looked out the window and saw». The second is the «sunshine». Both parts separated by a colon, without the use of the Union.
As an example, let us consider this sentence: «the Teacher asked the homework, we were on tour at the Museum.»
This offer is narrative and newslettername intonation. Based on the fact that it combines two simple sentences, it is complex. A combination of «the teacher asked» and «we was» are grammatical basics. Between them is no Union, then it is asyndetic, and the United coma.
The first part is a simple sentence with two main member is one-piece. It’s nothing complicated, common.
The second part is a simple sentence with two main member is one-piece. It’s nothing complicated, common.
How to dismantle compound sentence
To see the simple parts that are included in compound sentences equivalent to, and independent from each other, just swap them. In any case, they will raspoznanie and independent.
Example: «Dawn and on the street there were passers-by». In this case, both parts share the word «and».
Example: «the Sun is setting behind the horizon, and the shepherds also returned home.» In this case, two «the sun set beyond the horizon» and «the shepherds also came home» simple and separated by the conjunction «also». If you change places of two parts, the meaning of the sentence remains the same.
As an example, let us consider this sentence: «Ivan didn’t like to go to school, but he was fond of drawing».
This offer is narrative and newslettername. As it combines two grammatical equal basis «Ivan didn’t like to walk» and «he was fond of», the proposal can be called complex. It is – the Union as two simple sentences combines the Union «but».
The first part is easy, complete the offer. It is one-piece and has as its subject and predicate. Offer common and are complicated by other figures of speech.
The second part is just as easy. It is one-piece and has as its subject and predicate. Offer common and are complicated by other figures of speech.
How to dismantle complex sentence
The rule is that the compound called offer, where one of the parts has some dependency on another. As a liaison uses a variety of unions: «what», «which», «because» or «when», etc.. Offers consist of several components: one of which is main and the second the dependent, which is called adventitious that you can ask a specific question.
Example: «Dmitry went to the window and saw that the snowfall is over.» Here are 2 grammatical foundations «Dmitry came up … and I saw» and «the snowfall is over.» To dependent you can ask a question: «Dmitry saw…» what? «what the snowfall is over.»
As an example, let us consider the sentence: «the Ira was waiting for the holidays because his parents will take him to his grandmother in the village.»
The sentence is narrative and newslettername intonation. The complex has two grammatical basis «of the Ira was waiting for» and «parents will take. The main proposal here: «the Ira was waiting for the holidays,» and the subordinate «because parents will take him to his grandmother in the village.» As both parts are connected by the conjunction «because» therefore, the proposal is Union.
The first part is the simple sentence. It is complete consisting of subject, predicate. There are secondary members and no complicating elements.
The second part is a subordinate clause simple sentence. It is a complete, one-piece, with subject and predicate, common and not complicated.