What is pancreatitis?
Improper diet and regular overeating can cause disease of the pancreas. Fatty meals and pizzas — frequent guests in your menu? Then you should know that this pancreatitis.
Symptoms of Pancreatin
The main symptom of the disease — unbearable stomach cramps. They can torture a person for hours or days. The concentration of the pain can tell what region of the pancreas is inflamed. This body consists of three divisions: head, tail and body. If the head is inflamed, the patient feels severe pain right under the ribs. If the tail – that ache under ribs on the left. If cramps bother you ribs below the sternum (epigastric region), then this body of lit gland. The pain often radiates to the back.
In addition to pain, a person may experience other symptoms:
- Vomiting and nausea, lack of appetite
- The increase in body temperature
- Unhealthy stool with a disgusting odor and food particles
- Yellowing of the skin blue spot on left abdomen
- Bloating (flatulence)
- Weight loss
- Low blood pressure
The cause of the inflammation
Pancreatitis occurs for a number of reasons:
- The lack of a healthy diet. Spicy and fatty foods with fried and overeating are bad for the pancreas
- Smoking and drinking alcohol
- A stressful situation
- Antibiotics and hormonal drugs
- Injury of the peritoneum
- Liver disease
Characteristics of the disease
To understand pancreatitis, what is this disease, it is worth Recalling the structure of the human body. This disease affects the pancreas. Its ducts pregraduate a cyst or tumor barrier can serve as stones from the gallbladder.
The outflow of juice, necessary for digestion is disturbed. In the small intestine longer to get the required for the decomposition of food enzymes.
Where are these enzymes? They remained in the pancreas. Over time their amount grows, and iron begins to digest itself. Destroyed tissue, burst blood vessels. If left untreated, the pancreas is able to decompose, and the patient may die.
The treatment of pancreatitis
To prescribe treatment, doctors determine the stage of the disease. Pancreatitis can be acute and chronic.
If the pancreatitis is acute, treatment consists of three components:
After diagnosis of the disease doctors make the course of treatment and detail to the patient how to treat pancreatitis.
Often doctors recommend the patient to abstain from food. While water to drink may even need. If the glands are swollen tissues can compress with ice or a towel soaked in cold water.
Spasms relieve analgesics (strong, analgin, Ketanov). If the disease is neglected, the patient placed in a hospital. In the hospital he was prescribed a transfusion of protein solutions and blood, and also put a dropper with the saline solution.
After the adoption of all measures permeates the pain should subside. Experts prescribed diet be followed. Otherwise, the patient runs the risk of provoking a new attack of inflammation of the pancreas.
The patient should eat seven times a day. Portions should be small, and the food is chopped. Is acquainted with vegetarian soups, often have cheese for dessert will approach the puddings and jams.
If the disease has gone too far, then the problem is solved in the operating room. Surgeons remove the damaged part of the pancreas and the peritoneum washed. These measures are taken in rare cases of emergency.
Remember that pancreatitis is easier to prevent than to treat. Eliminate from your menu fast food and spicy food. Drink more water in the diet include boiled and fresh vegetables. And you never know in practice what is pancreatitis and how to treat it.