What is Opera
Opera is a theatrical art, which perfectly combines music, drama, painting, plastic. Here, each stage action is accompanied by singing and instrumental accompaniment.
From the language of the Motherland of the work, this word translates as labour or work. Opera composer creates and at the heart of his creations lies some literary plot.
The verbal text is called a libretto. But the most important thing in Opera is the music. None of the operas without the Overture, which provides a symphonic introduction.
The historical origins of Opera
This musical genre appeared in late sixteenth century Italy, in the city of Florence. It was at this time had to undergo the wedding of French king Henry the 4th, who married an Italian, Marie de Medici. The bride’s father was a big fan of music, and in their Palace she sounded almost constantly. To surprise the wedding guests, he asked the musicians to write something new and different, something that still has not been met.
And he did it. Almost all the guests were amazed and heard and work seen by the game. The actors were dressed in costumes, and there they settled in the orchestra. Music played throughout the premiere. The words of the text are spoken remarks, and sung, and what most impressed everyone.
Until such can be observed in the performance of commoners and high society all happened quite differently. But at the wedding in the completed work, all was clear, and the very manner of singing was mesmerizing.
Nowadays operas there are several types:
- Grand Opera.
- Half comic Opera.
- Comic Opera.
- Romantic Opera.
- Ballad Opera.
- Opera for children’s performance.
The composition of the Opera
The Opera relates how to the richest and most complex musical genre. One of the main parts of any Opera is the Aria. From a simple song, she is complex and describes each character. Thanks Aria, clearly expresses the mental state of a person, feelings are opposite and fight among themselves and finally wins.
The music perfectly expresses the already formed feelings, and in Opera, the Aria has a complete form:
- Three private.
In some cases, Aria consists of a pair of musical pieces that contrast well. But the action itself can not work to transfer incomplete arias, even if they alternate among themselves.
In such cases, often use the recitative – declamatory singing. It is not significantly different from melodic singing, but in the unfinished songs best joins in the Aria, and ensemble. From the Opera forms differs in that it is more similar to conversational speech. Because of this, it is called «dry» recitative.
Many Russian composers have devoted recitative special attention. While trying to display the realism in music. For example, Mussorgsky in his works, recitations revealed the inner psychological image of the hero.
No less bright image of the hero in the Opera can reveal an ensemble. Its composition represents from two to ten voices that unite different voices and ranges. It expresses the feelings of the characters in a scene, as well as several private parties are not opposed, they complement each other, and the result is a melodic pattern.
Not the last place in the Opera He plays choir participates in the choral episodes during the development of the action.
Means musical drama of operatic development is dancing. Thanks to dancing, theater going audiences more than the audience.
Present in the Opera Overture. Her task is to uncover and explain the main idea of the Opera in several forms:
Therefore, it can be heard apart from the Opera performance during the concert. It is like a separate independent symphonic work created on the same topic, and Opera.
The task of the Overture to introduce the audience to the world of images created by the music. But as soon as the curtain rises, the world becomes, not only hear, but see.
The great popularity of the Opera has gained in the nineteenth century. In many countries, even opened a special school. The most famous of their descendants were:
- The Italians – Puccini, Rossini, Verdi.
- The French – Bizet, Meyerbeer, Gounod.
- The Germans – Wagner and Weber.
Based his Opera always taken the plot from a novel, story or play of a dramatic nature. Ready Opera score falls in the wall theater, where they begin their work conductor. Also learn the need of his party, the soloists and the choir. Deals with the production Director. Responsibility for decorations are the responsibility of the artist. And as a result of the efforts of so many people, everyone can come and enjoy great Opera performance, which arises only through joint efforts.