What is stanza in a poem?
The older generation remembers the cheerful cartoon and the words of one of the characters: «I am a poet, I am called Buttercup. From my greeting to you all», as well as another character, know-nothings, who suffered greatly, he did not know how to write poetry. Is it possible to learn to write poetry? Experienced poets strongly suggest at least to try to Express their feelings in ryflowana. And it’s helpful to know what stanza of the poem.
What is a stanza?
The rhythmic basis of the entire poem, regardless of its size, there is a stanza. The ancient Greeks sang the tender feelings, the complex relationship between people, the Grand victory and then begins the story stanzas of the first definition: the verse refers to a combination of lines in verse, United by intonation. It is the verse determines the rhythm of the entire piece, and the rhyme connects words pleasant to the ear poetry.
Modern dictionaries give several definitions, but the basis of all, is the concept of the middle Ages: a stanza is a group of poems that are a unit of the division of poetic works. As a rule, the size of stanzas in each verse the same, but there are atroficheskie examples of the works: poem by A. Blok «the Twelve». And the famous «Eugene Onegin» gave life to the famous stanza of Onegin by A. Pushkin.
The verses have a number of characteristics:
- Does not change the number of rows.
- Graphic isolation, that is, the paragraph format.
- Perfection of thought.
- Intonational and syntactic completeness.
- Unchanged the order of the verses (lines) of a certain length.
- A permanent order or rhyming verse endings.
At school they read and studied many poems and excerpts of larger works: ballads, odes, novels in verse, poems in verse. It is emphasized that all work has a different rhythm – it depends on what kind of stanza-specific works. The most known these types of stanzas:
- Couplet – a stanza of two verses (verses). Sometimes two lines form a paragraph, sometimes separated by only a rhyme. Sometimes the couplet is used as the epigraph to the work. Sometimes it is aphorism, any famous person, the saying of the sage.
- Three, chetyrehsot
- five-, six-, seven-, eight-, nine-, desyatiletie – are characterized by a clear number of stanzas of a certain number of verses (lines of poetry).
- Onegin stanza – chetyrnadcatiletnie created by A. S. Pushkin: almost all the stanzas have a size of fourteen lines, but each may be divided into three quatrains and a couplet closes.
- The ballad stanza is characterized by different lengths of lines: even lines slightly shorter than odd.
- Sonnet comes from the word «song» and is a product of solid shape consists of three stanzas and a closing couplet. Very popular in the poetry of the romantic period characteristic of the Renaissance, Baroque.
- Astrophys characterized by the absence of symmetrical division into stanzas. Classic example — «Aybolit,» by K. Chukovsky.
Number of syllables in each line of the stanza, as well as the stress on the same compositions creates a rhythm that just works. This rhythm designate Latin letters A, b, C,D. for Example, the classic couplet can be written as: AA, BB, CC. The correct alternation of masculine and feminine endings, transforms the verse in the following stanza:
- Insoorance AVIV, sDsD.
- Tinea ABBA, sDDs.
Various combinations and unions of simple stanzas add up to a difficult verse. In any case, the verse remains complete on the content of the passage. And if the meaning does not fit in a verse, it connects to another.
Up to a certain point, poetry was closely connected with music, so the shape of the stanzas in Western Europe is very similar to rhythm in music: the Rondeau, the Madrigal, octave and others. Some of the lines were born in Italian poetry by such artists as Petrarca and Dante. From Spain came the verse «Gazelle» — the first line of this stanza rhymes with all even-numbered rows. Patisserie came from England and it is believed that it gives the author more opportunities to Express emotions. The established form of five-line poems called «Limerick» — a satirical poem that has a pattern AVVA.Provencal troubadours first began to write lyrical poetry in their native, and not Latin, language. And the name of the verse «sonnet» received from them: a catchy song. Fleeing from the war, the troubadours moved to Sicily, and laid the Foundation of the Italian language.
In conclusion, we can say that the verse is the poetic methods and emphasizes the structure of the work. Education paragraphs typographic methods verse is no substitute.