What is a fairy tale?
People with childhood familiar with a variety of literary works. Students study classic novels and poems, mastering a complex epic odes and personal essays. However, since childhood almost every child is familiar with the genre, the essence of which may not understand. Need to know what is a fable?
Folklore and literature
Typically, children know a wide variety of fairy tales, but few realize that they all belong to one of two groups. The first includes folk tales. The peculiarity of these works is that they are created over time, through a translation of a fictitious history of one person to another. This oral work, although it can be recorded.
Despite the fact that the tale, as well as a variety of epics and legends, is folklore, it is opposed to «authentic» folkloric works, as it is repelled from fiction.
The second type of this genre is the literary tale. She, like folklore, refers to the epic works. She also draws on folk art, but has a particular author. These stories have not been circulated before the actual publication, and they have no variation of the plot.
Literary form can imitate folklore in his writing style, and can also be a didactic work based on folk story. In General, we can say that a folk tale is a precursor to the literary.
What is a fairy tale?
Speaking about what is a fairy tale, it is necessary to mention that these works, usually in prose, often saturated with magic, and usually have a happy ending.
The definition of what the tale came about in the seventeenth century – that was when the word came in written sources. The etymology of the concept has been associated with the term «prove», which meant a list or precise description. However, after that, in the period before the nineteenth century, «fairy tale» acquired its modern meaning, which originally bore the word «fable».
Today, these literary works are used in two main purposes. First and foremost, it’s fun, allows you to take the child, to prepare him to sleep and to inculcate the desire of reading. However, almost all the stories based on some thoughts and morals, which the child assimilates in the process of reading.
Thus, a fantastic product allow you to teach them some rules of life and principles of relations with other people. The tale is filled with a large amount of information that is transmitted to humans over generations with the wisdom of the ancestors.
The traditional features of folk tales
Critical literary works has had a mixed history. They could be based on the legends of the people come from myths and legends, as well as to invent your own. However, most of these stories have similar features.
Primarily, tales like some of the language and cliches. For example, everyone is familiar with such classic beginnings as «Zhili-byli» and «In a certain Kingdom, in a state».
Similar proposals may appear in the middle of the text. For example, the authors often use the phrase «Soon the story told, but not soon deal done.» Often repeated and different final formulation, which allows to sum up or simply designate the final works.
In various fairy tales, created by different authors periodically use similar images which have become cliched. For example, the familiar Ivan or Ivan the fool, appears in various stories. Often he’s accompanied Baba Yaga, which the authors constantly describe with the phrase «bony feet». Also fabulous works often use the same kenning like «good fellow» or «fair maiden».
Because folk tales were created mainly by people, they often meet with similar characters and plot points. Depending on the number of similarities, another tale can be seen as a variation of some other.
Usually almost any tale is concentrated, or on animals or magic, although sometimes both of these aspects are connected.
Tales about animals called animal epic. It is easy to guess that their distinguishing feature is that the main characters be animals. It can be animals, and fish or poultry. Often, key elements of objects or plants, and sometimes even natural phenomena become the characters.
If in the animal epics there is a man, he or is a minor, at times almost imperceptible, or (much more rarely) is approximately equal to the character of the animal.
So many tales about animals are cumulative or recursive. Their essence is that certain phrases and concepts are repeated several times throughout the work. A classic example is the tale of the Turnip, and attics. Also widely distributed comic options that focus on the antics of the animals.
This is a bit more complicated from the point of view of composition. Usually in such tales, we can clearly highlight the Intro, plot, plot, climax and ending.
Almost always in these paintings clearly shows two generations. First, the eldest, is in the form of kings or old, and the second, younger, in the form of Ivan and his relatives. In most cases, the story associated with any loss or disadvantage, sometimes there is a prohibition and its violation. Thus, the Central part of the story is to do with trying to regain or fix the trouble that has occurred in breach of the prohibition.
Most often, as a result of such events, the main character acquires a higher social status, for example, becomes king.