What is a ballad?
In this article we will talk about such a literary genre as a ballad. What is a ballad? It is a literary piece written in verse or prose, which always has a distinct plot. Most often, ballads are historical connotation and they can learn about certain historical or mythical characters. Sometimes I write ballads for singing in theatrical productions. People love the genre in the first place, because of the interesting plot, which always has a certain intrigue.
Features of ballads
When creating ballads, the author is guided or historical event that inspires him, or folklore. In this genre rarely present especially fictional characters. People like to know any earlier heroes.
The ballad as a literary genre has the following features:
- The presence of a composition: introduction, main part, the climax, the denouement.
- The presence of a storyline.
- Transferred to the author’s attitude to characters.
- Shows the emotions and feelings of the characters.
- A harmonious blend of the real and the fantastic moments of the plot.
- Description of landscapes.
- The presence of mysteries, riddles in the story.
- The presence of the dialogues of the characters.
- A harmonious combination of lyricism and epic.
Thus, we dealt with the specifics of this literary genre and gave the definition of what a ballad.
From the history of the term
The term «ballad» was used in old provençal manuscripts in the 13th century. In these manuscripts, the word «ballad» described the dance moves. In those days, that word did not understand one genre in literature and other art forms.
Poetry as a literary form, a ballad began to realize in medieval France only in the late 13th century. One of the first poets who tried to write in this genre, was a Frenchman by the name Jeannot de Lescurel. But, for those times, the genre of the ballad was not purely poetic. These verses were written for musical productions. The musicians danced to the ballad, thus entertaining the audience.
In the 14th century a poet named Guillaume Fe Mary, wrote more than two hundred ballads, which quickly became famous. He wrote love lyrics, completely depriving the genre of «dance». After his work, the ballad became a purely literary genre.
With the advent of the printing press in France began to appear the first, printed in the Newspapers of the ballad. They loved people. The French liked to gather the whole family at the end of a hard day’s work so that we can enjoy the interesting story of the ballad.
Classic ballads of the times Mary, in one verse, text, number of verses did not exceed ten. Through the centuries, the trend has changed, and ballads began to write in a square verse.
One of the most famous balladist that time was Christine of Pisa, who, like Masha, wrote ballads for printing, not for dancing. She became famous for her work «Book of a hundred ballads».
After a while, the genre has found its place in the work of other European poets and writers. As for Russian literature, the ballad appeared in it only in the 19th century. It happened due to the fact that Russian poets have been inspired by German romanticism, and as the Germans of that time described his experiences in lyrical ballads, the genre quickly spread here. Among the most famous Russian poets who wrote ballads, can be called Pushkin, Zhukovsky, Belinsky and others.
Among the most famous world writers whose ballads, no doubt, went down in history, it is possible to call Goethe, Kamenev, Victor Hugo, Burger, Walter Scott, and other eminent writers.
In the modern world, in addition to the classic literary genre, the ballad purchased and their original musical roots. In the West there is a whole musical direction in rock music called «rock ballad». In songs of this genre sing about love.