What is a antonyms

Russian language is not only one of the most difficult but also one of the richest languages in the world. That is why it has lots of turns, words and expressions. If you are interested in the question of what is the antonyms, the article will help understand this.

Antonyms

what is a antonyms

Antonyms are words of the same part of speech, which have a completely different meaning. Their meaning is completely the opposite, just that they are different from synonyms, which are different in sound or spelling, but close . Antonyms can be divided into two types:

  • proportionate;
  • incommensurable.

Proportionate to represent the words «action-reaction» and irrelevant «action-lack of action.» Antonyms can be only those words that have opposite shades. To put it simply, some words can be antonyms. For example, numerals and nouns antonyms always absent. Words denoting sexual characteristics, also can not be antonyms. For example, a man and a woman. Basis values have some signs. For example, weight, height, size, and so on. However, it is always necessary to take into account that words must belong to one part of speech.

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The structure of antonyms

All the opposites are heterogeneous, so it is possible to distinguish their structure. Single-rooted antonyms are words with the same root. For example, open-close. Raznostoronnie words have different roots. For example, high — low. Also antonyms may be:

  • be of common;
  • contextual speech.
    • words

      The first group of antonyms are words that we often use in everyday speech. The contextual speech include words that are antonyms in special cases. As an example, saying «the goldfinch Sing better than the Nightingale».

      With antonyms our speech different brightness and expressiveness. They help us to Express what we think and what we want to share. If you have any difficulties with the selection of the antonym for any word, you will come to the aid of dictionary antonyms. The dictionary presentation is characterized in that it contains more than a thousand antonymy pairs of words. There is also a dictionary Kolesnikova, which is three thousand paronyms and more than a thousand pairs of antonyms. With the help of such dictionaries, each of us will be able to find the words to Express their emotions.

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