Opened to Vasco da Gama?
Vasco da Gama , a famous Navigator from Portugal, which is directly related to the era of Great geographical discoveries. During his life he has accomplished a lot of what allowed him to remain in the annals of history. Many people want to know what was opened by Vasco da Gama.
In their native Portuguese language, the name of this Navigator sounds like a Creat-da-Gama. He lived, according to various estimates, from 1460 or 1469, and died almost at the end of 1524. During this time he made the voyage to India, which had gained its popularity.
Key facts biography
The origin of Vasko was, in some way, notable. He is the third of five sons of the knight of Santo estevão where Gama. Besides him, his brother, Paulo de Gama, also participated in the famous voyage to India.
Although this name was not too notable, she still had weight since some ancestors of this family served the king Afonso the third, and also proved itself in battles with the Moors. It is through these battles, one of ancestors and received the rank of knight.
Despite the fact that Vasco da Gama was born in sines, the researchers believe that the education he received in a large enough city of Evora, near Lisbon. It is also believed that one of his teachers was the famous astronomer, the first person designed the astrolabe made of metal, Avraham Ben Shmuel Zacuto.
Youth Vasco looked to the sea – he participated in the battles, seized by order of the king of the French court. It is through these events the world first heard of the existence of the future famous Navigator.
In those days many people tried to find a sea route to India. The fact that Portugal had no convenient routes that would allow her to trade with other countries. Export problems and some other aspects did the search the way the real task of the century. This allows you to understand that was opened by Vasco da Gama.
Opened to Vasco da Gama?
The main reason why the name Vasco da Gama is known to almost everyone, even after all these years is that he managed to find a sea route to India. Of course, at first people tried to find the route on land is a lot of bright individuals were sent by the king to circumnavigate Africa.
In 1487, Peru and Covilhã managed to do what was required of him. He even managed to report it to Portugal. However, at about the same period, killed the favorite son of the king who was to inherit the throne. Deep grief gave joão the second of the ability to tightly engage the land route. Fortunately, this allowed Vasco da Gamma to act.
Until the moment the king ceased to pay attention to almost everything, much has been done to prepare for Maritime expeditions. Bartolomeu Dias, who knew the route around Africa by order of Giovanni told the crew all the information about what the ship needed for a voyage in such waters. As a result, in the disposal of the expedition of Vasco da Gama had four ships:
- San Gabriel,
- San Rafael, which was the brother of the Navigator, Paul,
- Transport ship for supplies.
Besides water and food, the ship downloaded a fairly large number of weapons, which were swords, spears, crossbows and halberds. In addition, part of the crew was protective leather bibs, and the higher ranks dressed in a metal cuirass. The vehicle mounted the Falcon and guns.
What did Vasco da Gama in his journey?
The date of the beginning of the famous Maritime expedition to India, consider the eighth of July, 1497. Solemnly ships left Lisbon and started their long voyage. On the fourth of November the vessel reached the Bay, where Vasco was named Helena. Here he was wounded by the locals, an arrow in the leg.
Before the expedition rounded the Cape of Good Hope, a ship carrying supplies fell into disrepair, and much of the crew died from scurvy. This vessel was burned, and the rations distributed in the remaining three.
After that Vasco da Gama visited Mozambique and Mombasa, where he had a conflict with the local Sultan, and then moved to Malindi, where he managed to get himself a new local pilots. Thanks to him and the passing monsoon the vessel was brought to the shores of India. May 20, 1498 , the day when the expedition reached the desired lands.
The results of the first voyage
So, what and when discovered by Vasco da Gama? Thanks to his expedition to the middle of 1498, he found a sea route to India. However, the results of this undertaking was nowhere near as rosy as that would be the Navigator.
First, search for the route to begin international trade, but all that Vasco has brought to Indian land, not like any tamarino or simple locals. These products are not sold, and fees and payment has led to disputes with the Portuguese. The result disappointed sailor was obliged to begin the return journey.
This period was particularly difficult for the expedition. Many troubles and hardships fell to Vasco da Gama and his crew. In the end, he managed to return only two vessels and a very small number of people. However, this did not prevent the seafarer to obtain first the title of don, and then Admiral of the Indian ocean.
Different events occurred in the life of Vasco after the expedition. He quarreled with the knights of his own order and joined the rival, of the order of Christ. Then he found a wife, Catarina di Ataide, who was the daughter of Alvor, part of the famous family Almeida.
After a successful return to their native lands, Vasco da Gama, voyage to India became almost an annual event. They had both positive and negative results, but in the end, the very famous Navigator made several more expeditions to the exotic country.
Second voyage determine 1502-1503 years, and the third was much later. This was due to the political situation in Portugal. When Vasco da Gama was already fifty-four years, joão III decided to give him the title of Vice-king. However, in 1524, began a third voyage to India, which was attended by the sons of the Gamma – Estevao and Paul.
When the Explorer arrived on the scene, he firmly dealt with the issue of abuse of the local administration, but did not achieve any significant results, since 24 December of the same year he died of malaria struck him. Subsequently, the body was sent back to his native country, and was buried in Lisbon, near monastery of Santa Maria de belém.