How to quickly cure a sore throat
The process of treatment of angina may include different methods and approaches. How to treat a sore throat? This question, probably asked every person who at least once faced with the disease. Angina, occurs in mild form and no suppuration of the soft tissues of the throat, easily treatable at home on an outpatient basis. Usually, the doctor examines the patient and prescribes therapy without documenting in the hospital clinics. More serious consequences for the health of the patient carries a peritonsillar form of angina. This is when because of the large inflammation of the throat leads to the formation of small abscesses, which contain pus, as the waste product of a large number of harmful microorganisms that has accumulated in the larynx of the patient. In this case, the patient will be hospitalized in the infectious Department of the hospital and is assigned to the complex antibacterial therapy.
The main indications for mandatory hospitalization
- Complicated course of the disease in young children, United with the heavy breathing.
- Angina, the occurrence of which is associated with infection by the diphtheria Bacillus.
- A large abscess in the region of the larynx.
- Exacerbation of diseases of internal organs caused by inflammation of the throat.
- Medicines to treat angina.
The view, the dosage of the drug depends on the type of bacterial infection that was the root cause of the development of angina. Today widely used different kinds of antibiotics, although angina, manifested in the form of tonsillitis or pharyngitis, and viral nature. In such cases, the use of antibiotics is not justified and may lead to negative consequences. For example, viral sore throat be cured with antibiotics, but in the course of their unwarranted taking other pathogenic microorganisms will develop resistance to the antibiotic and become even more dangerous. In the future, these bacteria can cause inflammation throughout the body, and cope with them will be difficult. Therefore, if the patient be admitted to the infectious disease doctor must first take a swab from the throat of the patient to do analysis and to determine the type of microorganism that caused the disease.
Rules for the treatment of angina (tonsillitis)
- Tonsillitis has a viral nature, do not require therapy with antibiotics. Its main symptoms are cough, acidification of the corners of the eyes, rhinitis, hoarseness and other cold symptoms.
- Streptococcal sore throat more dangerous to human health and requires treatment with obligatory use of antibiotics, because there is a high probability that the infection can give complications on the internal organs and musculoskeletal system of the patient.
- Most often to treat strep throat antibiotics are used, which belong to the penicillin group of drugs. If the patient is allergic and can not tolerate penicillin, prescribers type cephalosporins or macrolides.
- The attending physician, considering clinical picture of the disease, prescribes a particular course of antibiotics. The treatment period can range from 7 to 10 days and more. It all depends on how effective is the treatment. The dosage is determined by your doctor. A very important aspect is the selection of adequate doses of medications and duration of antibacterial courses. Failure to reduce the level of dose or early discontinuation of treatment will lead to the fact that the Streptococcus is adapted to the antibiotic and get him immune resistance. In the future this may lead to the development of chronic tonsillitis, when a person and not like a sick sore throat but tonsils occurs permanently weak inflammation, and infection of the blood spreads throughout the body and leads to inflammation in the internal organs.
In the first two days after disease angina the patient is encouraged not to get out of bed. To drink more warm water. At the end of the first two days you can not get out of bed and walk around the house, but no more than two hours a day. From the diet should exclude rude foods. Food should not be hot, spicy or highly acidic. Such products can irritate the already inflamed tissues of the throat. It is desirable that the period of illness dishes had a semi-liquid consistency.
To facilitate overall well-being can be taken antipyretic drugs and analgesics. Elevated body temperature should be down by ingestion of paracetamol, the dosage of which shall be appointed by the doctor. Should not be used as antipyretic aspirin, as in children it can cause serious side effects, namely the Reye’s Syndrome.
For outpatient treatment of angina recommended gargling with anti-inflammation solutions. Kind of drug is also determined by the doctor, but the specific requirements for choice of drug. Helps reduce inflammation, gargling decoction of chamomile. You can buy it in almost every pharmacy.
Surgical treatment of angina
Earlier it was widely used surgical intervention in severe forms of the course of angina. The patient was just removed infected tonsils. Now surgical treatment of angina are used by doctors very rarely, and only in those cases where traditional therapy has failed. The final decision on the surgery takes doctor ENT.
To date, there are basic characteristics that can cause surgical removal of the tonsils in a patient with angina, namely:
- Within one year, the person carries at least 6 acute diseases tonsillitis. In this case, laboratory tests confirmed that the cause of the disease is Streptococcus.
- Within two years there is a relapse of infectious tonsillitis more than 4 times.
- People suffering from chronic tonsillitis caused by antibiotic resistant forms of Streptococcus.
- After completion of treatment of angina in a patient arises the re-formation of purulent abscesses in the throat and on the tonsils.
- Microorganisms inside the tonsils is rapidly distributed throughout the body and cause a person with a fever, connected with articular rheumatism, is organic lesion of the musculoskeletal system.
The duration of treatment of angina and recovery time
As a rule, most acute phase of the angina lasts more than 7 days. Weakened immunity the disease can last up to 2 weeks. Timely and adequate treatment are the key to a quick recovery for the patient and no subsequent complications.