Dementia. What is it?

Now increasingly found among patients diagnosed with dementia. What is it? Disease is a dementia in which impaired memory and thinking. The patient has loss of all skills, his desires and interests are extinguished, and the behavior becomes illogical. In severe cases, the patient loses memory, does not recognize himself in the mirror, requires care by another person.

Dementia. What it is  

Senile dementia

The disease manifests itself in older people. Mental disorders occur as a result of changes in the area of the brain at the cellular level. When there is insufficient oxygen enrichment neurons die, destroyed neural connections. This phenomenon is called primary dementia.

If the disease has led to disruption of the nervous system, it can be considered as a secondary dementia. Subtypes of the disease are the following diseases: pseudoceros, Huntington’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease. To occur these diseases can and at a younger age, becoming a consequence of alcoholism, infection, severe head injury or drug use.

Symptoms of senile dementia

A mild form of senile dementia characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Reduced social activity of the patient. Therefore, patients often have to leave his place of work.
  • Decreases the ability to communicate with other people, there is apathy toward everything. But until that person can serve himself.
  • In the initial stages appears depressed. Often patients treat it, unaware that they are developing a more complex disease.

 

Help the patient

Moderate form is a more serious stage of the disease. Patients almost completely lost interest in what is happening around them. Simple skills (turning on the television) disappear, but for now, patients can control their urge to the toilet, need to eat or sleep. However, they already need help from other people.

In severe form of the disease appear most pronounced symptoms are:

  1. people become irresponsible, do not understand anything;
  2. rarely communicate with others, though their speech is very unclear;
  3. completely lose the usual skills: can’t even hold a spoon or brush your teeth;
  4. sick people need constant care from others.

Vascular dementia

This is a special type of disease in which the death of brain cells occurs very slowly, so that the patient does not even know about the beginning of the disease. Disorders of memory and thinking is the compression of blood vessels of the brain, which causes impaired blood flow.

The lack of oxygen leads to a gradual cell death. If affected a small part of the brain, the symptoms do not manifest themselves, because the function of the damaged cells take on healthy neurons. But when damaged a large section of the brain, have symptoms of dementia. Moreover, their expression often depends on which area of the brain disorder occurred.

Often vascular dementia is a result of any stroke: both ischemic and hemorrhagic. Moreover, in the elderly increases the risk of stroke, and as a result, increases the likelihood of dementia. Its appearance can lead to the following factors: hypertension, heart disease, atherosclerosis.

Is it possible to treat the disease?

Treatment of dementia is not possible, because changes in the brain, is irreversible. Patients need to provide good care, to communicate with them. If they will continue with their usual routine, the brain will take longer to function normally, so the disease will not develop as rapidly.

Memory impairment in a patient

Patients need a balanced diet, rich in vitamins. Also recommended moderate mental stress to maintain brain function (simple tasks, reading and translation). Be sure to treat the disease, which led to dementia, so the dementia will progress not as rapidly. Usually, the patient requires supervision by a cardiologist, neurologist, neurologist. Besides, you need to undergo regular inspection so that the doctor can assess the progression of the disease.

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