Anemia what is it?
Many illnesses continue to exist and spread around the globe. Hard to find anyone who has not heard of the existence of anemia, particularly iron deficiency. It has become increasingly common, so it will not hurt to find the answer to the question «anemia what is it?»
The causes of disease
In many modern diseases are difficult to identify clear cause. With anemia, the situation is a little different. On the one hand, scientists have known about a number of factors that can lead to the development of this pathology. On the other hand, it is not always possible to understand which of the causes is the place to be. We can not exclude the factor of heredity and genetic characteristics.
So, the main reason a person may appear anemia, problems with nutrition. The problem in the diet can be expressed in different ways. For example, a person can stick to a strict diet, what did he focus on any one type of food. Such a diet can not only lead to the same anemia, but also in numerous other diseases.
People may eat different food, but most often it does not contain a sufficient amount of nutrients. In particular, for preventing anemia is important to get a lot of iron. If the diet is insufficient, can appear disease.
There are situations when a person eats a varied and rich nutrients food, but he eats very irregularly. It can also have harmful effects.
Finally, anemia is commonly observed among the adherents of veganism and vegetarianism, especially if it hit the children, or pregnant women. Expectant mothers to get enough iron while on a plant-based diet, is almost impossible.
What is anemia?
So, if a person has a long time remained problems with the diet, the result may develop the disease. Anemia – what is it? Differently it can be called anemia. This disease is characterized by a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood. As a rule, become smaller and erythrocytes, i.e. red blood cells. Together, these substances are spread around the human body of vital oxygen. Thus, the lack of it greatly affects the condition.
Interestingly, anemia in itself is not considered a disease. It is perceived as a kind of symptom, which are other. Thus, depending on the initial disease, types of anemia are so many, so no one tries to clearly differentiate. In any case, this condition always leads to oxygen starvation of tissues.
The symptoms of anemia
There are cases when the disease succeeds only by chance in the analysis, as anaemia can does not manifest itself. However, in most cases, patients can identify a number of symptoms.
- Lack of energy,
- General malaise,
- Problems with concentration,
- Shortness of breath,
- Problems with sleep, appetite,
- When a serious stage possible heart failure,
- The appearance halasa and koilonychia.
Depending on the specific type of illness, possible numbness and jaundice.
Treatment of anemia
As a rule, to remedy the situation use iron and vitamin B12. Sometimes used infusion of Packed red blood cells.
Treatment should be performed in a hospital. There the patient will receive a complete diet. In case of serious types, like elasticheskoj of anemia may require bone marrow transplantation.
If you pay attention to the causes of the disease, it becomes clear that the prevention of anemia is the correct, balanced diet.