The sable fur and its characteristics
In Russia, one of the most valuable animals with fur is sable. His fur is of medium height, different density, softness and has a beautiful Shine.
The skin of the animal is quite thin, but dense and strong. The density of hair on the back is 13500 PCs in 1 cm of the surface of the skin.
The color of the fur depends on the geographic habitat of the beast and from his personality. Therefore, its color can vary from yellowish-brown to pitchy-brown color. On the throat is a bright spot. Its dimensions can be completely different, and in some absent.
Molt as in the other, happens 2 times a year. In January – February, the fur begins to fade and grobet. In March – April, hair changes from head. Molting during the autumn proceeds slowly enough and winter fur is fully ready by November. Note that with time, the shedding process can vary depending on weather conditions and place of residence.
The hunting of the Sables is allowed only from the end of the autumn molt and before the start of spring. In the rest of the time hunting them is prohibited, as skins are not suitable for development.
Sable skins have a clean flesh side and finished the autumn moult, are of great value and are evaluated as first grade. The Sables that have lower down and the membrane gives the blue, assigned to second grade.
According to the hairiness of the tail determine whether molted animal. Those who have not completed moult have sparse hair on the tail which looks shabby and thin. But those who are fully shed, have a beautiful and fluffy tail, which is visible even from afar.
Sable pelts are divided into 4 categories depend on the color of the fur:
Head. Value comes first. The fur is very dark. On the ridge of the resinous color-black, flanks and belly are painted in black-brown. The throat spot is not particularly pronounced. Such Shura still divided by color intensity:
— high. Dark color with a fluffy pile;
— normal. Black-brown color.
Of the carriage. A little lighter than the first. They are also divided into 2 categories. The throat spot is weak.
Volotovoe sable has an uneven color. On the ridge of a colour darker sides. The throat spot is brightly colored and large sizes.
Fur sable. The skins are valued less than others. Have the lightest touch. There are light brown, sandy yellow and dark yellow. In all colors there are white guard hairs, which create a visual effect of gray hair.