The history of camouflage
In fact, the camouflage can be called the most conventional process, which can be seen quite often in the animal world. People use camouflage no less active than animals and there are plenty of examples. And even if he can’t merge with nature thanks to its physiological characteristics, he literally can climb into someone else’s skin.
Relatively recently, little more than a century ago, numerous army in the world used bright military clothing, which was full of variety of flowers. Soldiers ‘ uniforms were made of fabrics of all colors and worn with shiny buttons, epaulets gleaming, snow-white and red pants, a copper cuirasses sparkling in the sun and hats that were decorated with bright and massive emblems. Army soldier, it was always perfectly clear even from a distance. Bright and flashy ammunition was used in order to show your opponent a menacing look, and also to allow the generals and commanders to see their soldiers, even at considerable distances.
The first who realized that the camouflage coloring can save a life were the British, who began to paint in it all that gave color, including uniforms, pants, boots, staff furniture, tents, etc., and some particularly zealous proponents of a camouflage trying to paint in the colors of camouflage, even horses and dogs. Since the late 19th century, uniform and accessories protective color, was used by the British divisions that fought in Western Asia. At the same time, the traditional colours of the army were bright shades with a predominance of white. But samples of the new format was released in less conspicuous colors, which was called khaki.
After the people of Albion, the decision to change your army to a form that matches the colour of the terrain was taken by the Japanese. The experts of this nation can choose to create the form of its military the most suitable tone, is a cross between olive and yellow. After a few years, the Japanese army met on the field of battle with regiments of Russian soldiers, who wore white tunics and black trousers. The Japanese were shot at and attacked themselves while remaining not visible. Soldiers and officers of the Russian army, which after a while realized, what’s the matter, were forced to try to add to the protective clothing colors and clothing items during fights.
At the beginning of the last century, hostilities began to be conducted on entirely new principles and rules. Who first saw the enemy, he received a great opportunity to strike, which could decide the outcome of the entire battle. And military experts have adopted a simple truth – the use of camouflage, represents an art of visual deception. At the beginning of the last century, military experts from many countries have investigated the dependence of the visibility of soldiers on the battlefield from the color of his uniform and uniform. Thus became known the most notable and dangerous for a soldier of color, and the most discreet and safe was recognized as olive, dirty gray, gray-green, yellow-brown, gray-blue shades.
Countries involved in the fighting seriously increased the pace of increase in production and improvement of various types of weapons, but had absolutely no technology to protect soldiers involved in the battle. Each day of the war brought the British army the loss of dozens of military and soldiers.
Before the Second world war, camouflage became successful enough to be used by the military of the third Reich. As a consequence, Germany became the only and the first country of that time, which had in its Arsenal of more than 40 varieties of camouflage. And only after the Second world war, the list of States that began to use camouflage uniforms greatly expanded.
Today, camouflage uniforms became less actively used by fishermen and hunters. If the professional camouflage can be very easy to distinguish the professional from the Amateur. A large company specializing in the production of camouflage has its own palette of colors that corresponds to the natural peculiarities of different countries.