How to give first aid to a dog in the hunt
Many consider hunting without dogs inferior exercise. Our four-legged friends have long since become indispensable helpers in the hunt, and some types of hunting and even impossible without a proper and well-mannered dog. However, hunting activity, which can be fraught with many dangers and unexpected situations, not only for the hunter but for the dog. And upon the occurrence of an accident the owner needs to come to the aid of his four-legged pet first aid not only timely, but also correctly.
The most frequent can be called a variety of wounds in dogs that arise in the process of hunting. The cause may be getting into a trap, wounded by broken glass or a knot. Quite often dogs get injured from those animals that they hunt together with their owners. Serious injuries four-legged friends can cause the fangs of an angry boar, or common bites like a rat in a Fox hole. Even a small wound could cause death, so it is best to give the animal first aid right on the scene. However, the first assistance dog can have significant differences in different severity of wounds.
If, as a result of wounds in dogs, only slight bleeding, sprained capillaries and the blood flows very quickly, as first aid to the animal, you just need to disinfect the wound and stop the blood loss. This can be done by attaching to the wound with a cotton swab moistened with 3% hydrogen peroxide. A more dangerous situation, in which a damaged artery or vein, and the blood pulsing shocks or just pouring a continuous stream. This situation may occur if the dog is in the process of hunting has damaged the cushion feet, and blood place has jerks, the necessary wiring in place just above the wound. In the absence of wires you can use durable rags, bandages and even handkerchiefs. Tourniquet, the owner of the animal must note the time and remove it after an hour in winter and an hour and a half in the summer time. Thus, every half hour or hour harness just tie up to another place, to ensure the stop of the expiration of blood and to prevent possible necrosis of arteries to drag on.
In the process of hunting dogs quite often suffer from the tusks and teeth of other animals. In such wounds there is a rupture of the skin and muscles, they heal very poorly. The statement «heals like a dog» here is not quite appropriate. This phrase is more suitable for stray and homeless animals, which is characterized by truly incredible survivability. So RAS is more typical of venous bleeding, in which the wiring is not imposed, and most of all, use a normal bandage. The wound are best treated with miramistina or hlorgeksidinom and impose on it a sterile bandage. Only during heavy bleeding it is recommended the use of a harness. Bincue the dog’s body need to be very careful not to tighten the bandage, especially in the area of the chest.
To the treatment of dogs should be treated with the utmost seriousness. This is because many bacteria and microorganisms that enter the wound when a bite or non-sterile conditions, can be deadly for our four-legged friends. And in case of an injury of a serious nature do not neglect the help of a veterinarian and hope for a happy outcome. In the area around the wound should be cut off the wool and treating it with a cotton swab dipped in Zielonka. In addition, only a veterinarian can determine whether the animal surgical care and what needs to be done in order to maximize the wound quickly healed. Deep wounds that are more than 2 cm in width it is necessary to sew up, and bites the foxes obtained in the course of hunting, it is imperative to be vaccinated against rabies.
There are cases when dogs in hunting get stab or gunshot wounds. Gunshot wounds can be extremely dangerous for the animal and is characterized by painful shock, a huge blood loss, possible internal injuries. However, depending on the severity, when providing first aid at the point of injury, it is possible to save the animal. In the case of open or closed wounds need to try to stop the bleeding, wash the wound with hydrogen peroxide and try to eliminate pain and shock, giving the animal a tranquilizer or analgesic. An important and necessary action in such a situation would be an injection of tetanus toxoid. For different types of injuries, you must also carefully watch, that the dog didn’t lick their wounds. Otherwise healing could be delayed for a longer period.