How to determine the freshness of the footprints of the beast,equipment and techniques from experienced hunters
To begin, decide what we can regard such a thing as the mark of the beast, i.e. the traces left by the movement of feet, hooves, paws of the beast. All traces associated with the presence of the beast, and his life, we do not consider.
An important criterion in determining the freshness of the track there are such things as vivalogo and fabric, this extra footprints in the snow left by the paws (hooves) animals when they are lifting and lowering the snow respectively. In General, to determine the freshness of the track of the animal you will need a long observation and practice. Judging by the look of vivalogo and languishing (the degree of collapse, the fortress), and he follows, you can have hands-on experience, to determine the direction of movement of the beast, and the freshness of the imprint of his paws. Pay attention to your tracks, in different weather and lighting conditions, and then observe how they change depending on the time of day, availability of rainfall and temperature.
A great help in determining the freshness of the trail is snow-powder, because when it drops out, it closes all old traces.
Harder with the definition of freshness in the cold and thaw. If you change the weather to thaw the frost a skilled tracker will easily distinguish fresh tracks. After the thaw paw of the animal, as if imprinted into the clay, leaving a clear, textured, vivid picture in the snow. When cold, it should be plump, with collapsed borders. But what do the Ranger if the weather does not change? Here, you’ll need to not only see, but also to explore should to the touch.
When driving the beast thaw his legs thrown in the direction of motion and on the sides of the snow crumbs (pieces), which stick to the legs. By how these pieces of snow remained, you can easily determine how long ago there was a beast. Over time, the chips (pellets) podmorazhivaniya, harden, and sink into the snow, etc. depending on the temperature of the pits in the snow can be deeper or smaller, it is also an important indicator. With the constant weather and temperature 1-2 degrees, it almost does not change with time, and how it’s fresh, it’s impossible to know.
In a frost to determine the freshness of the track possible, feeling the chunks of snow that is discharged to the surface or remain in the hole left by the movement of an animal. Fresh dug snow changes its structure, melts in the sun, freezes in the wind. Firmer snow an indication that the trace left by an animal, not fresh. If the surface of the snow protected tough and durable skin, able to withstand the weight of the animal, to determine the nature of the traces becomes impossible.
After a few hours the hole left by the hoof of the animal, hardens in the cold and loses its clear outline in the thaw.
Greatly confuse hunters such phenomena as snow trail. After a snowstorm or Blizzard have to be very careful when determining the freshness of the track, check your observations of where the tire skid protects any obstacle (e.g. a tree or Bush).
Lighting and weather are important criteria in determining how long ago was leaving a trail. In cloudy weather, low light, fresh imprint seems old. And in clear weather, in strong sunlight should acquires fresh colors and shades. Makes sense to cover natural lighting tracks and carefully re-study them in the shade or in the light of the lantern.
Once again returning to the above: the main criteria of a hunter in the study of animal tracks is its practical experience, common sense and a little intuition. Even experienced trackers, continuing to practice in the study of animal tracks, stop to notice the many nuances and subtleties. So good hunting!