Catching & biting bream in large lakes supply
In large flow-through lakes of the above-listed negative factors is much less evident. Under favorable prey base fish here can reach large sizes — occasionally 5 — 6 kg and in exceptional cases up to 8 kg.
From large lakes bream rises to spawn in small rivers (such forms are called semi-migratory bream).
For example, Ladoga bream comes to the Vuoksi river, Avloga, Maurier, Kobona, Naziya and etc.. But I must say that the Ladoga bream is large.
The reason is a relatively weak prey base in West and North West coasts. The soil here is sand and stone. In addition, the strong winds prevent the development of aquatic vegetation.
Better is the case along the southern coast in the area of the Volkhov Bay. The water here is warmer, well-developed aquatic vegetation, and due to this, larger and bream. Large quantities of fry attracts a solid perch and pike.
Large bream lives in lake Peipsi and many large water bodies of the Karelian isthmus (lake Vuoksa, welcome, Deep, Pioneer, etc).
Semi-anadromous spawning run of bream, if it comes to small rivers, can be very short — a day or two, that’s all. To catch this moment a great success. Indicative in this respect is the following example. At the end of may 1999 I managed to get to the mouth of the river Avloga. Why do I say «get»? To travel here you need a special pass.
…Passing along the forest path along the shore, I came to a small bend. At first the river met me unfriendly: stood on the steep banks of dark alder; brown water Evlogi seemed lifeless. But soon the sun came out, and it feels like everything came to life around: lit, colorful lights sparkle with dew in the grass, clicked the invisible Nightingale, and under the closest Bush threw his big fish.
I sat next to a small shallow Creek where the depth was two feet. It was seen as barely swaying underwater grass in the weak jet flow.
But what is it?! I immediately forgot about the beauty of the spring forest. It seemed at first a dark back, then the second and soon the Creek was literally boiling from the Golden flat fish.
I got a fishing rod, tied a large brilliant jig, pinned on the hook for a dung worm and threw the head right under the nose of spawning fish. A moment later there was a bite, and then I washed up on the shore of a large bream. For a moment the fish disappeared, but then appeared again. Again the bite, and the second fish on the beach.
Rabid bite lasted three hours, but by noon, the fish disappeared. Covered in goop, I barely managed to shoulder a heavy backpack — it was pounds, no less the choice of skimmers.
Interestingly, when two days later I met friends of the anglers who visited Avloga, but a day later, it turned out that they didn’t catch anything. As it turned out, the bream spawn only one day and then rolled back into the lake Ladoga. No wonder local fishermen, in anticipation of the Dace, roach, white bream, bream, IDE, literally «on duty» on the river for weeks. How could it be otherwise? Missed a day or two and can safely say goodbye to the fish until the following spring.
Spawned, the fish slips into the summer Parking. Usually it is the underwater edge of the pit, bordered with shoals, boundaries Svalov, land at the confluence of lake streams and rivers. In short,. any sudden changes in bottom topography are of interest. The only condition: there must be a feeding area and good aeration. In the absence of stratification, as a rule, the depth of 3 — 8m.
Large bream almost all summer adheres to certain sites, and only when deterioration of the oxygen regime of the reservoir is moved to a new place. Bream also kept at shallower depths (3 —.5 m), making periodic raids on the rich forage of the shallow water. But sometimes the behavior of large bream can be paradoxical, and I could be convinced on their own experience.
In July last year I had a chance to fish on the Red lake which is located in the centre of the Karelian isthmus. As I said, the month was extremely hot. I had only two days, and arrived at the lake, I lure several places: on the plot with a depth of 3 m, at the confluence of the Pilgrim; then, in shallow water where the depth was 1 m, and 100 meters from the shore on the b-meter depth.
At four o’clock in the morning, I began to sh in the first section. An hour passed — not a single bite. Lured on the second place — the same story. And at a depth of 6 m barely took small plotnicki. The precious morning hours were. I had to make a decision. What if…
And I began to paddle towards the Eastern shore where the lake became many small forest streams. Getting off the boat I found myself in the shade of the thick undergrowth. Stream, two meters wide, almost inaudibly murmured among the roots of trees. I could clearly see the pebbles on the bottom, reddish sand, a shoal of frightened fry hiding in the grass. At the confluence of lake Creek Deposit a small sand spit. Control measurement showed a depth of 0.5 m.
It is necessary to try. The float-gusinka silently plopped into the water. A minute later he fell and went against the current! Cutting! .. And unexpectedly strong resistance!
After a hard fight managed to bring on a gently sloping sandy beach five-pound bream! Here’s the thing though Soon all was quiet. New cast and new bream, but smaller. The picture is beginning to emerge: because of the intense heat bream came to the very mouth of the Creek, which carried life-giving oxygen!
Later I met a local fisherman and shared with him his impressions. He was not surprised, and said in response: «you Know, I was caught by night in the Creek. And very decent». This was said so simply and clearly that I did not doubt the truthfulness of his words.
There are a number of factors that have a significant impact on the behavior of the bream. One of them — the phases of the moon. For a long time the subject tried to ignore, believing it mystical. But if we ignore the mystical husks, every sensible person understands that all life on earth can not depend on our nearest neighbor, the moon, and the Sun.
In the ocean, many processes are directly linked to the phases of the moon. For example, many fish come to shore and feed only in the hours of maximum influx. And this is understandable. in large measure the concentration of living organisms is concentrated on the boundary of land and water — a variety of worms, mollusks, crabs, etc. During high tides water floods natural feeding areas. Accordingly, suitable and fish. Even huge whales-killer whales during the breeding season of seals, sea lions, penguins, systematically Rob on the edge. During the hunt they literally beaching. 3DES freshwaters are no exception. Here the influence of the phases of the moon compared to the World ocean looks seemingly insignificant. But once the entire Earth was covered by oceans. In fact all living things obeyed his «breath». Fish millions of years secured experience at the genetic level. And all this is preserved to this day.
Will result an interesting example. There is in Petersburg in Krasnoselsky district, the red river. It is right in the city and empties into the Gulf of Finland. In the early 1 century. it was one of the spawning Baltic salmon. Came here and acne. Currently, the river turned into a stinking gutter. But, no, no, someone will catch at the mouth of the eel, and even small lososina. Remember the fish rather its descendants, native spawning grounds! Here it is — an example of genetic memory!
But back to the bream. A full month. Do fish night to the shore? For a long time I’m astronomical calendar and realized — really fit. Especially strongly this phenomenon is pronounced in the lower reaches of major rivers flowing into the Black and Caspian seas. The moon is on the decline. Daily tides in ocean are weaker. Fish departs from coast. So does bream in fresh water.
Guy — bream at a depth and behaves passively. Then the cycle repeats. Currently on sale there is the astronomical calendars, in which the behavior of the fish is bound to find the moon in the zodiac signs. But, in my opinion, the influence of distant planets and constellations in the Land so insignificant that it can not be ignored. And then, God forbid, fishing instead of fishing, turn into such a medieval book of Nostradamus, calculating, riding him on a fishing trip or wait for the Moon will not be in the constellation Aquarius.
With the onset of the first frost the behavior of fish changes. The water in the shallow water cools rapidly. Plants die, get poorer feeding areas. Bream have almost no choice K. banks, and held at depths of 5 — 8 m, while choosing areas with the best aeration and, accordingly, food supply.
Bream eats irregularly, V. a predominantly warm and Sunny. the weather, during daylight hours. In large flow-through lakes bream may well take until November (in Northern latitudes), and in southern areas of the country in November and even early December.
Characteristically, when fishing for bream in the autumn it is better to use spinners with a planting of small larvae maggots, bloodworms, burdock moth.
Will tell you about an incident that happened the second regional Congress in mid-October. I fished from the boat side of fishing rod to twenty feet. And as a nozzle used a small worm. The weather was clear and cold with a slight breeze. Despite a first-class bait, the bite was sluggish. Occasionally took small okoshki, plotnicki. Twenty meters from me was fishing a local resident. He soon had a decent bream. Then second, third. Starring anchor, I swam closer to unravel the secret of his success. He caught the usual on-Board a fishing rod with a nod, but instead of a simple hook tied most polished jig with a planting of two or three larvae burdock moth. And the bait used is a piece of cake, wrapped in mesh. The game spinner has been smooth, with periodic stops. Applying this tactic, it is literally on my eyes for 15 — 20 minutes, took about 2 kg of bream.
Lured back to the old place, I picked up a similar jig. It immediately went smoothly: it felt good to take big bream, weighing 700 — 800 g. Generally, the bream prefers small, modestly colored jig — black, green, gray colors. But in this case situation is different. It seems that bream took a big shiny lure as bait, showing clearly a predatory inclinations.
That day in my experiments, I went further and replaced the small vertical jig on the spinner. But now the bait began to attack the small perch. Suddenly biting the striped bandits stopped. It seems, to the plot of catching up a big fish.
Assumptions are soon confirmed. At the next sweep, I felt the elastic of powerful aftershocks! A little bit of exposure and the surface was wide, like a shovel bream. Swallowing air, he fell in prostration, and to pick up her landing net was not difficult.
I will say a few words about the homemade jig, which I used (see figure «Homemade baubles»). When playing this jig «dives» away from the vertical axis. The size of the bending angle depends on the nature of the game. It’s easy to change and a lot of spinners, solder tin at the bottom. And the size of the hook depends on the size of used nozzle. In this case, I used hooks 5 M with small «beard» of the Japanese firm «owner». Jig Vyshnevolotskiy of fishing that has yielded remarkable results, which looked like this (see picture). Later I made some additions using feathers from the neck of the rooster. Such spinner great took bream, perch, large roach, perch. The mass of the spinner can vary greatly depending on the depth of the reservoir and the strength of the flow.
Approximately two to three weeks before freeze-up biting bream in large flow-through lakes are practically absent. Fish straying in large flocks and occupies portions of the reservoir that are optimal for future hibernation.
Sometimes in the fishing literature, you can read the following statement: «bream are concentrated in the pits». And then, the abstract concept of «the pit» does not develop.
But pit — pit hatred! Indeed, for bream are of interest to low-lying areas of bottom relief, but only if two prerequisites: first, the pit must be of good aeration; second, one must have close proximity to feeding areas.
In practice, most such conditions in the deep areas of the reservoir are formed rarely. For example, on slow lakes I those places where the oxygen regime is bad. But where there is no oxygen, there is no feeding areas! And therefore — and fish.
Large flow-through lakes, the situation is somewhat better, but, and here pit is Located at a considerable distance from underwater currents, it is absolutely hopeless. Bad sectors are also deep quiet bays. With the onset of cold aquatic vegetation intensively dies, rot, taking the meager supply of oxygen.
On the large oblong but shallow lakes autumn biting stops much earlier. Usually in mid-September, and in cold weather — sometimes in the first decade. Let me remind you that the bream here, as a rule, small weight it rarely reaches 1 kg. I remember one recent case.
At the end of September came to a relatively large forest lake, located on the Karelian isthmus. The almost round shape it reached the diameter of about 2 km. the Power and flow of the lake was due to the small us 2 — 2.5 m around the perimeter of the stretched rare reeds. The composition of the fish population of the lake is fairly uniform: : the ruff, perch, herbalist, pike, small bream, up to 300 g. the Month was cold, and the fish have already moved in the autumn and winter Parking. But where to look? The first thing I tried to fish on small streams. But the water was so low, and the streams are so shallow that in fact did not affect the water exchange. The oxygen regime of the lake was already good enough. The depth is everywhere the same — that near the shore, in the middle. Then I sent a boat into the reeds. Here it was quiet. The September sun gently warmed. On the mirror surface of the water no splash, no circles, it seemed that the lake went extinct on this fine autumn day.
Abandoned bait and then head— small shitworm. Ran light circles, and the float, flashing bright Krasnoi antenna metering on the water. Let’s see what happens now. It took half an hour. And then float slightly imbedded, and he faintly moved in the direction of. Then stopped, But now the antenna began to rise confidently above the water, and at the same time that I crashed. Strike gently, and a moment later a small bream muffled drumming on the rubber bottom of the boat. Start there! Soon new bite, and the second bream forever goodbye to the native element. To two hours I caught 8 fish that together weighed 2.5 kg.
What made fish to stay in the reeds? The answer to this question I received a little later, when I measured the temperature of the water. Quite unexpectedly, I got a surprising result — in the reeds it was higher. Not much, just one degree, but still above! This factor has brought the bream. The described case shows how carefully we should approach the search for possible sites of bream at any time of the year. Otherwise, you can sit on the pond a day or two, but did not see the bite.