Burbot belongs to the family of cod. It is a bottom fish. Lifestyle night. The body of the fish is elongated and slightly cylindrical in front, rear more flat. Small head with slightly bulging eyes. Mouth rounded shape, where the jaws have numerous small teeth. The fish has barbels, which are located on the lower lip in the center. The fin located on the back dual, front fin short, tail is slightly longer and comes to the tail. Anal fins of the burbot long. Burbot fish black and green. Scales on the body barely noticeable, the body covered with a thick layer of mucus. On the background of black and green scattered dark spots of indeterminate shape. The throat and belly are white. All the young burbot has black.
Burbot is a fish native of the Arctic seas, he loves the cold and oxygen-rich water. And, on this basis, most burbot can be found in pits or in places with dense vegetation. The bottom of the rivers in such places, as a rule, muddy sediments, but firm. Burbot prefers lowland areas of lakes and rivers, and in mountain rivers, this fish is completely missing.
During the year, this species of fish tends to stick to the bottom. On the surface of the fish is almost not raised and is largely nocturnal. By day he leads a less active lifestyle than at night, and during the night can go in shallow water. Since sunset, the fish becomes very active. As fish do not see in the dark, hunting for his food, he carries a short distance, cautiously sneaks up to the victim. However, he relies not on vision, but on the receptors of taste and smell, which are quite clearly giving him locate victims. This fish has a good ear. How wouldn’t it be strange.to shore burbot at night are attracted to light, for example, the light from the fire.
Sexual maturity of burbot reaches approximately 3-4 years after birth. Spawning fish usually takes place in winter months when water temperature at 0 degrees Celsius. For spawning the fish are rising in shallow water with strong current and sandy bottom. When spawning, the female accompanied by several males.
Young burbot feed on bloodworms, fish eggs, crustaceans, shellfish, etc. the Adults are predators that usually feed on minnows, loaches, ruffe, gobies, etc.
The most common places of life minnows are the rivers flowing into the Arctic ocean, the Baltic sea, and in waters of the Far East. Also found in the rivers flowing from the Northern side of the Black, Azov and Caspian seas.