About the habits and perch fishing
Bass, along with carp, roach and Rudd is one of the most common of our fish. In addition, the perch fishing can be very simple, and quite complicated, depending on conditions and the willingness of fish to bite. Bass – the fish was delicious, diet, contains little bone, fit for any types of processing – roasting, making soup, drying. Tiger may be the object both Amateur and sport fishing – the hunt for bass is very exciting, and if you find a good place, and quite effective from the point of view of filling the garden and the pan.
Lives throughout Eurasia, from Britain to the Far East. Lives in most countries of the former USSR, except for some regions of Central Asia. Acclimatized bass in Italy, Spain (Ebro), Australia, New Zealand, places in South Africa. Very close view of yellow perch living in the United States and Canada and Balkhash perch – oz. Balkhash and the rivers flowing into it.
Briefly about the lifestyle.
Perch – pronounced carnivore, it eats only live, moving prey. Stationary pieces of bait that can tempt these bottom-dwellers like catfish and burbot, unattractive to perch. The main food is small fish and invertebrates – worms, water insects and their larvae, rarely small frogs and young people with cancer. Bass uses 2 types of attack on the victim from ambush, hiding in a kelp forest or under the driftwood and rotational method if you live in a part of the pack. Even the small perch fry tries to attack – sometimes he tries to carry out an attack on fish that just will not fit down his throat – there were cases-caught perch held only by the jaws of the bait, not bite so deeply to swallow the hook.
Bass has an average weight of 50-200 g, in large bodies of water – 2 kg., the oldest and largest specimens reach a weight of 4-5 kg, but such cases are rare. In Eurasia most of the large groupers inhabit the Delta of the Volga river, the large lakes of Karelia and Finland, Siberia and Kuban. Large size reaches the perch in New Zealand.
Bass is divided into 2 «race» and «grass», small, in average of 40-90 gr. feeds mainly on insects and worms that inhabit shallow water, and «humpback» – the great race, reaches 1-2 kg, which lives in large bodies of water and most often feed on fish. It’s not two different types are variants of the same fish. The ratio of Travnikov and Humpbacks depends on the specific reservoir and wealth of fodder. If the small and medium perch is often a schooling fish, the humpback is a single, stray into flocks before spawning.
Perch inhabits a wide range of water bodies – rivers, lakes, ponds, reservoirs, estuaries, canals. Able to withstand salted water. Can not live in stagnant shallow ponds and ponds is still not carp, and to survive the lack of oxygen or by freezing of water, the bass can not. Does not tolerate hot water. However, the purity of the water he’s not so choosy, like perch, good lives in the city, in rather dirty water. Spawns in February – April after the ice melts large packs. After spawning and in the fall the bass are feed – active power with the aim to fatten fat. Then he bite the best.
With the feeding areas and habitat is wide spread – live groupers and pelagic way of moving large flocks in search of prey (mostly in the fall, during Jora), can also give preference to a certain place (large specimens). Important factor – the availability of shelter, through which you can efficiently attack prey. It snags, branches, bridges, piers and piles, large stones, reeds and tree roots. Bass is not very shy and willingly uses artificial structures to hunt prey. Sometimes he even hides in the shadows of the boat in which the fisherman. Often, he uses the steep coast and is literally a 10-15 cm from the edge, especially if sufficient depth is the shadow of grass, which conceals it.
The perch is biting well during the day (cloudy days even in the middle of the day), preferably in the morning. Night, in contrast to walleye and catfish, not powered. Caught most often itology or near the bottom. From the bottom when the float reclines, bite less. With the surface bite is exceptionally rare (if not to hunt a pack).
It is primarily baitfish – small bleak, bitterling, verkhovka, Rudd, gudgeon, stickleback, minnow. In reservoirs, where bass are the only fish you can use and change him – cannibalism is not alien to perch, though not to the same extent as the pike. The bait clings to the back, so as not to interrupt the spine – paralyzed, motionless fish will tempt perch, even when under his nose. When running, the active fishing live bait you can carry in a bucket of water, and if you catch on «gum» in the chicken wire cage or container with holes for water flow.
Other attachments – manure worm, maggot, larva of the caddis worm, woodworm. The main factor was that they were moving and active. Half-dead, limp worm can be attacked by Rudd, crucian carp, bleak, but not bass. The best winter tip – large Motyl.
Rare cases attack bass vegetable attachments – error in the definition of production. Light pellet test in muddy water, sinks to the bottom, causing the attacking reflex and biting. All cases of catching of a perch on bread, dough, etc. – occur when lowering or lifting the nozzle when it is in motion.
Here is a very large range of practically all types of artificial lures can be successful for perch, if only approached in size.
This is primarily a rotating spinners type «Mapps» sizes 0,1,2, and the like. Preferably from non-ferrous metal (not painted steel) – it plays more attractive. Good show small lures of different types, the main factor in a wide variety of options, bright and natural colors like perch can take as an exact copy of his beloved verkhovka and «acid» colors of the bait.
Good catches of perch and silicone of appropriate size vibrohvost and twisters. Successful use of flavored, edible silicone (the smell of garlic and the like). It is also necessary to have in the Arsenal of silicone of different colors – bright (acid green, yellow) and dark («engine oil», «beetle», etc.). For catching travarica use microjy with small jig heads (2-4 g weight).
Large bass can prey on spoon lures, kastmaster, spinnerbait, lures-jerkbaits. If the flock is located close to the surface of the water – perhaps the use of poppers.
The hook on the perch should be a long shaft, a large enough grouper has a large mouth and often swallow the bait. The long handguard makes it easy to get a swallowed hook. Need to have the extractor – the extractor hooks, with the aim to release the snap faster or cause the fish as little as possible injuries.
The simplest tackle is the usual float rod with a length of 2.5-6 m. If fishing is live bait in a small pond with lots of trees, reeds, etc. – you need a shorter rod, comfortable in the Bush. Often the perch rests directly under the shore, making the presence of long rods is optional. The float is preferably long not short float is constantly floating to drown alive. The sinker must be confident to pull live bait at a given depth. If fishing with a worm, then you will be that is best for the given conditions (current, wind, depth). You can use a sliding snap-in for long distance casts – but there may be a problem – sometimes the bait fish flies from the impact of the water.
Spinning need a light or ultra-light class (if you go strictly on a perch or in a reservoir where there is no other predators), length 1.7-2.5 m, longer uncomfortable. Better to use a thin braid of dark colors (bright can reduce the percentage of bites). If in a reservoir there are no pike and few snags feel free to put flurocarbons leash – it’s practically invisible, and perch bite better. If there is a pike, it is better to use a metal leash, thin and unobtrusive colors.
For bottom fishing like feeder rod with a sinker, but without the trough, with the hooks of appropriate size. The best nozzle – bait, the worm is also used, but on the attractiveness of inferior fish. The main problem is when casting the cuttings can fly. Perch can bite the feeder, if fishing is conducted on worm and maggots, but it’s a random loot.
«Rubber» is the same as when fishing for other fish, but big hooks for live bait and big worms. Leashes need to be tied at such distance from each other so that the cuttings are unable to confuse them among themselves. Bell burden, to compensate for the jerks of the bait.
When winter fishing basic bait the jig with a crank and a jig saw. Experiment with colors of spinners and the shape of the lure. Use a thin fishing line (or flourocarbon) – water clarity in the winter to above. Used as the game of the jig with a nod, and winter floats.
The perch is known for his bold, strong bite. Usually the float is sharply sinking to a considerable depth. Rarely he goes to the side or falls (if the stalk is pulled up and there was caught). Unlike ruff, drowning float almost always leads to cutting.
Important. Signs of anxiety live bait, show that there is a perch, such as it is torn, it will drown the float, then put it towards the surface, spinning.
The tactics of fishing.
When fishing from the shore there are 2 options. If there are bushes, reeds, rocks, steep Bank, snags and stumps, you need to throw the bait not only «in length», but under the shore, around snags and trees. Bass is often in the ambush and not attack, if the target is too far away. The well-fed perch you need, in General, to slip prey under his nose. On the piers, jetties, bridges you can even omit the snap-in «from the finger» with his fishing rod – perch uses the shadow of the buildings to mask and bite even when the angler stands directly above him. The main thing – not to make noise and pounding feet on the wooden platform. Such fishing should throw every potential asylum bass. Of course, often you run into a pack, and will catch a single fish. But in some places, these perches are great. When fishing the worm should be periodically tugging the fishing rod so that movement attracted the attention of the fish.
In the second embodiment, when the beach is flat, no cover – and then throws go to the range every 1.5-3 m, hoping to stumble on a flock of perch or perch alone. If you do not bite, and there is no signs of anxiety bait – go ahead. Important freshen the bait, throw mutilated bass – barely alive, stirring fry will not attract fish. Signs of the pack – jumping little thing that is saved from the perch.
When using a donkey – it is also recommended to move until you run into a flock.
Spinning fishing perches – such as movable as a float with live bait. Actively move, looking for a pack. Oblavlivaemye place near the bushes, snags (carefully, to avoid breakage), bridges. It is recommended to make casts along the shore, along the edge of the reeds or bushes – so you can attract hiding under the shore of a predator. Actively change the kind of bait. If for some caught 2-3 more fish and stay on it. Might also have to change the size – microjy sometimes it’s good, but it comes to nothing.
When fishing from a boat on large reservoirs can be used banal sounder or to follow the gulls and other fish – eating birds, large schools of snapper, hunting, form the «pot» – rounded up a bunch of stuff to the surface like dolphins. Fish jump out and attract birds. Carefully swim up and allawite place. You can use spinning or long (5-7 m) fishing rod with bait. The second option is to fish along the reeds, along the cliff, the thicket, looking for bass in ambush. Mix and match the wiring in the water column and along the bottom.
In winter the tips are the same – or look for typical places of the bass (near snags, piers, rocks) or the pack – bass is not falling asleep. One of the best benchmarks in the group of other fishermen who have already found a pack. Feel free to sit close to a large flock of fish enough for all.
Some General advice: you don’t slide, don’t let small perch, throw in the place where caught, softly lower it to the shore. Try to take a large assortment of tips, if you catch on spinning. Deal about the weather – with strong heat the perch down, and when the pressure ceases to fall for some time.