Zephyranthes — care at home
Is a member of the family amaryllidaceae, native to South and Central America, there are about 35 species of plants.
It is a herbaceous, bulbous perennials with narrow leaves remnevidnymi.
Flowers similar to the flowers of Crocus and daffodils, can be pink, white and yellow, rarely bicolored, bloom for only 1-2 days and fade, but in their place appear new stems and so over a long period.
Therefore the plant was given the name «upstart». Bulbs zefirantesa — poisonous, they contain alkaloids.
Location and lighting
The plant needs a lot of light. Best placed in the South window, although you can on the East and West.
It is not desirable to have the Northern Windows, in this case flowering, most likely, will not, will only grow leaves. In summer you can make outdoors on a balcony, porch, cottage.
At room conditions, in the period from spring to summer, maintain a temperature of +20 ÷ 26 degrees. In the winter – no more than 12 degrees.
Watering and humidity
Watering should be abundant during the period from spring to summer, not letting the water stagnate in the pot. In the winter — quite rare, you can even give the plant a rest period – i.e., not to irrigate, and start to wet the soil only in February, carefully and gently removing it from this period. In the hot summer days it is recommended to spray.
Fed 3-4 times a month during the growing season, mineral or organic fertilizers.
Transplantation and propagation
Transplant do every year, in the spring, plant the bulb to ground I could only see the top of her head. Usually transplanted several bulbs in a wide and shallow pot.
Zephyranthes propagated subsidiary of follicles in the dormant period, as well as when transplanting in the soil nutrient mixture of sand, turf and humus soil.
Can be propagated by seeds which are sown immediately after ripening, at a distance of 2-3 cm, slightly moist soil.
Cover with polythene and put in a dark place, keeping the temperature about 22 degrees. Will seeds germinate in about 3-4 weeks.
Pests and fight with them
Can be affected by scale insects, spider mites, mealybugs amaryllidaceae. Necessary to carry out regular inspection of the plant, to prevent the appearance of these pests.