Zantedeschia care at home
Zantedeschia – tuberous photophilous and hygrophilous plant of marshy places in South Africa.
Stem – erect, the leaves can be dark green or variegated.
In the flowering period appears the inflorescence is a funnel that represents the ear with a cover that can be white, yellow, pink or red.
The color of the bedspreads depends on the variety.
The most common type is known as Calla. At the age of two plant starts to bloom. The flowering period is long, almost all winter. It comes after a period of rest, the duration of which is about one and a half months.
Location and lighting
The plant needs a lot of light, but direct sun should be protected.
TemperatureZantedeschia thermophilic. In the winter of 18 + summer + 21-25 – the optimum temperature for the cultivation of flower, drafts and extremes of temperature should be avoided.
Humidity and watering
Necessary for the development of a plant humidity ensure regular spraying, wash the leaves and support in the sump of permanent water (3-5 cm).
During flowering, an important abundant watering, which is cut when flowering is finished. Kallu watered with warm water.
Top dressing is the process of making liquid nitrogen and phosphoric-potash fertilizers for flowering plants. Nitrogen is necessary for the leaves, phosphorus and potassium – every week during the flowering period.
Transplantation and propagation
Zantedeschia propagated by seeds or division of rhizomes. After harvesting, the seeds are immediately sown in the soil and, keeping the air temperature is 20, waiting for sprouts.
Stronger plants are transplanted into pots. At the end of the rest period which falls in summer, formed side shoots from the parent plant is separated and planted in pots to a depth of not more than 5 cm
The pots should be low and wide, because the flower does not tolerate tight containers. The soil should be changed once a year.
The mixture consists of equal amounts of foliage, humus and compost. It is useful to add superphosphate (3 kg of a mixture of 1 tbsp).
Pests and fight with them
If not provided with sufficient humidity, the plant is affected with red spider and spider mites.
With a slight defeat they can be addressed more spraying and wiping the plants with a damp cloth.
Also fighting and mealybugs. In severe cases special products are needed insecticidal action.