Wintering bees of different species
Every beekeeper knows that the most difficult and responsible period is the wintering of bees.
Insects do not enter a state of suspended animation and stand the winter only in the presence in hives of sufficient reserves.
The beekeeper can’t open the hive for spring and to follow the course of the winter, so the bees are killed mostly at this time.
And if you lose only half of the family, and then those insects that survived will recover almost to next winter.
Neither of which came with such a hive of speech can not be. Therefore, you should choose a breed of bee that is suitable for your area.
With a good honey flow you can collect the honey, as expected, from spring to autumn, that is from may to September.
Then you can just leave in the hive for eight to twelve kilograms of sugar syrup per family, at the rate of two pounds per frame.
Research conducted by the Academy of Sciences of Belarus showed that the greatest winter hardiness is a breed of black Belarusian forestry bees.
In winter, they behave the most calm, and slow metabolism allows more insects to be the spring in good shape.
To Supplement the forage reserves they need in August, when the education of the families of the brood is not over yet.
The only thing that you need to pay the beekeeper special attention is on the nesting insulation and create additional beds.
Breed Carpathian, Ukrainian grey mining bees require more food resources.
They are slightly more affected nosematosis. But care in these species is much less.
If they have enough food, Carpathian and Ukrainian bees are well able to weather the storm and free.
But the gray mountain of Caucasian bees in freestyle winter often suffer nosematosis. Wintering Italian bees on the outside under the snow, contraindicated.
Even if you
put in the hives a lot of food. But in special rooms and attics of houses or private homes this winter, as a rule, is successful.
The main thing is to ensure that the room temperature wintering of bees has always been smooth and never dropped below four degrees Celsius.
However, in the olshaniki this species also overwinters well. The only drawback of this breed is in a strong defeat nosematosis under adverse conditions.