Winterianus — care at home
Winterianus – cactus, originates from the deserts of Bolivia.
In the indoor environment is often grown as a basket plant.
This genus includes one species – the Golden-kolyuchkoy, it features bright green, customise at the base of the stems, up to 1.5 m, and small round, densely growing areolas and long, thin Golden-yellow spines.
On the side shoots appear reddish-orange flowers. But the plant only blooms during the cold winter.
Location and lighting
Winterianus requires a large amount of sunlight and heat. Therefore it is better to keep a pot of cactus on the South or East window, in summer you can place the pot on the balcony. Tolerate exposure to direct sunlight.
In the summer the cactus need a fairly high temperature – about 25 degrees, and in winter it is better to reduce it to +10-14°C, then a high probability that the plant will bloom.
Watering and humidity
Winterianus relates to water-loving. In summer, water it regularly, twice a week (in hot weather often), but not very abundantly, so that moisture does not accumulate in the pot.
In autumn and winter the amount of water and significantly reduce the frequency of watering, while avoiding drying of the soil.
Cacti growing in plastic pots require more infrequent watering than plants in clay vessels. It is advisable to stand the water for irrigation. Spraying is not necessary.
Fertilize in the spring and summer about 2 times a month and phosphate fertilizers with a small dose of lime. For good growth and flowering are also useful special fertilizer for cacti.
Transplantation and propagation
Transplanted cactus infrequently, usually once in 2-3 years, young plants more often. Transplant take land consists of approximately 40% of leaf humus, 30% loam, and the same amount of sand or gravel.
To prevent root rot, preferably in the ground to add charcoal. Recommended soil pH is about 5.8.
Winterianus propagated by seeds or cuttings. Reproduction processes easier way.
In the spring the stalk is separated with a sharp knife, dried, and root in the ground or wet sand. After the appearance of roots they are planted in the flower pot.
Pests and fight with them
This plant, like most cacti, is affected mostly mealybugs and spider mites rarely attack aphids, scale insects, thrips, root nematode.
With the appearance of small insects, webs or spots on the leaves of the plant rubbed with a soap solution and treated with special means.