Varieties of honeysuckle — names and description
It’s amazing how tenacious stereotypes.
Honeysuckle is quite an ancient plant, also gives edible fruit.
But as berry culture is perceived by all, because since ancient times used to grow Perfoliate (another name) only for decorative purposes.
As the garden representative of the family Caprifoliaceae common artificially grown plant.
But the name «honeysuckle, edible» refers to the wildflower, which is also known as «red cherry».
Because Kamchatka is the Motherland of this plant. And in the wild it can be found on Sakhalin, in Siberia and in the far East.
And this suggests that the main feature of honeysuckle is its resistance to strong frost.
The fruits of caprioli able to stand cold below -50’C. This factor, apparently, and became a major when creating a large number of varieties of honeysuckle.
Special varieties of honeysuckle
Plants differ in height (low, medium, high) and appearance (lianas and shrubs), as well as maturing.
But, basically, varieties are divided into groups according to the taste and flavor of fruit: berries with bitterness («mountain girl», «Sinilga»); berries with a pleasant aroma («Altair», «Blue bird», «Malvina»); the berries without bitterness and without smell («Dlinnoplodnye», «Highlight». «Forget-me-not»).
Especially sweet berries are different varieties of honeysuckle «the Swan» and «Amfora». And the «Sinilga» and «Lady» the fruit never fall.
«Lapis lazuli,» «the Swan» and «Siberian» are famous for high productivity. But one of the first cultivated varieties that have a combination of qualities may be called «Blue spindle».
The goal of any breeding is to make garden culture useful to humans. Therefore, in many of the artificially created variety of honeysuckle is present elevated levels of certain vitamins:
- Vitamin P: «Sorceress», «Lenita», «Selena», «Fianit».
- Vitamin C: «Haze», «Vanechka», «Drops», «Dawn», «Souvenir».
In the classification and takes into account the biological characteristics of plants. So, varieties of honeysuckle are different from each other and the number of branches on the shrub.
This means that the «ancestors» of modern varieties of culture there were several.
Dikoros «honeysuckle, edible» rather low shrub with a moderate number of branches to 20. Also cultivated variety especially the growth of not different, but in the adult plant the number of branches is larger (about 25).
«Kamchatka honeysuckle», on the contrary, the individual is quite high (up to 3.5 m). And varieties-
«followers» the number of branches ranges from 13 to 22.
Kamchatka is a kind of «honeysuckle kunashirskaya». When meter growth a record number of branches (about 50).
But the «honeysuckle Altai» is distinguished by the fact that the branches of the Bush age. Yes, and their number varies in a wide range (6-28).