Varieties of eggplant.
The eggplant firmly stuck to the name «blue».
This is due to the purple coloration of the fruit.
Dishes from the little blue delicious, low-calorie and contain a range of nutrients.
Not by chance, these heat-loving plants gardeners love to grow them even in Siberia.
The growing period of eggplant is long, from 120 days to 180. In Siberia they should be sown in boxes in February or early March.
Varieties of eggplant.
Seeds should choose early or medium early varieties.
For example: «Early 921 dwarf» with a growing period up to 106 days. Fruit roundish-pear shaped, green-purple, weighing up to 300 g;
«Precocious 148«, vegetation period, these dwarf eggplants to 105 days. The dark purple fruit is pear-shaped, weighing up to 200 g;
Middle-grade «Diamond«, and gives high yields of dark purple fruit of the cylindrical shape;
Middle-grade «Universal«. Shiny black or purple-black fruits have excellent eating quality,
We recommend you to read: Care for eggplant
«Baltic«is another productive mid-season variety with dark cylindrical fruits. Can be grown late varieties of eggplant, but they must be homologated in the III Siberian light zone.
Good varieties: «Beijing«, «Bruccoli«, «Violet dwarf«. Seeds of the selected varieties need to be calibrated, that is, to choose those that do not float in salt water (50 g of salt per Cup of water).
Then disinfect them in hot water and germinate in shallow dish at a temperature not less than 25 degrees. The appearance of seedlings (6 – day they are placed in specially prepared boxes to the ground.
Warmed the soil should consist of a mixture of turf, humus and a small amount of sand. Boxes should be placed in bright, warm greenhouse (20 to 22 degrees) and pour warm water.
When the seedlings grow up it can be tempered at temperatures up to 15 degrees, bringing the boxes into the street. At the age of 60 to 65 days the seedlings can be planted in the garden, sheltered from the wind. Each plant with a clod of earth to bury another 3-4 cm Place the eggplant should be not less than 25 cm from each other.
Humus-rich soil should be well dug and spilled warm water. Abundant watering is necessary for plants, especially the first 10 days. It is important to protect eggplant from many pests.
The struggle against the main enemy Blues — Colorado potato beetle in Siberia is also relevant, since this pest has already spread there.
The region has a lot of trouble for spider mites, aphids, whiteflies, slugs. To combat them, there are a lot of chemicals.
Example: Malathion, Actellic, Actar. But if the eggplants have appeared, the fruits, the use of chemicals is prohibited.
You need to use cultural methods such as hoeing and digging the earth, setting traps, protective nets, flushing the plants with water. A very effective biological methods. The most affordable of them – folk.
So pests will scare remedy, prepared as follows: garlic, sprigs of celandine, tomato and tarragon fill the bucket, pour the ash in 200 g. and cover with water. After 3 days strain and adding 2 tablespoons of liquid soap and spray the plants once a week.
Care for heat-loving eggplant in the harsh conditions of Siberia will always be rewarded with healthy and delicious food.