Thuja Smaragd — planting and care
TUI became the favorites of gardeners because during the year do not lose their decorative effect, staying fresh even in winter.
Besides the beauty of the culture, there is also healing feature to restore the health of the environment. At the same needles, berries and tree bark has been used in folk medicine.
Thuja Smaragd remains izumrudnoe, despite the weather conditions, throughout life. Adults have a relatively low rise – up to a maximum of 5 m, crown diameter does not exceed 2 m.
Culture is perfectly resistant to extreme cold, it grows well in shade but prefers bright sun. Thuja is tolerant to all soils, but develops best on fresh loam and limestone.
As Smaragd arborvitae grows very slowly (an annual increase of no more than 10 cm), the tree most often used to create a decorative green «sculptures», which need not often be cut.
Therefore, plant to plant in the garden, and to use as a landscape design in the country.
Due to the fact that this variety of arborvitae is developing at a slow pace, to be planted in the open ground the plant is in the fall – it just won’t have time to take root before the frost.
Therefore, the best season is spring, but you can buy seedling and summer.
Thuja Smaragd will feel better in a new place, if in the pit prepared for planting, put wood ash in combination with mineral fertilizers (complex) or humus.
In the ground, which will prosyatsya seedling, add sand (for better water permeability) and sod land.
The first months after planting thuja should be covered with a fabric awning from the hot sun if it is planted in an open area. This will help keep the needles from burning.
Care of thuja Smaragd
Primary care of the culture is in compliance with the irrigation regime, which depends on the depth of groundwater – the higher they are, the less watering.
In hot weather, irrigation treatments weekly for the rest of the time just 1-2 times per month. If necessary, you can hold still and irrigation of the crown, maintaining the freshness of the needles.
As an additional measure – mulching with peat, which will help to retain moisture at the roots of thuja. In autumn, mulch with a thickness of 6-8 cm will be protected from frost.
And here but peat is added dry leaves and sawdust. Young seedlings in their first year of life will need to wrap up for the winter, after tying together branches of the crown.
During vegetation, tree trunks circles loosen, but do not deep – 10 centimeters. Thuja Smaragd has a superficial root system, and this should be considered.
The variety of conifers is considered to be resistant to all kinds of pests, but prevention is still better 3 times a year to treat the tree with fungicides to spider mites did not spoil the decorative look of the plant.
And to improve its is the periodic cutting of the crown every 2 years.
In the spring and remove dry and broken branches, and the plant fed the mineral complex and organic matter.