The types and composition of soil
Any vegetable garden and orchard in the country should begin with the layout of the flower garden and the purchase of shrubs and plants, and soil.
The soil types and soil compositionmay be different from the type and composition of the soil depends on the future harvest.
First of all, the soil needs to be breathable and loose.
Because light soil will be able to fully provide the roots of the plants breathing.
When buying seeds and seedlings are frequently mentioned recommendations for soil mixtures that have different composition.
The ground is divided into types: acidic, light and heavy, neutral, poor and fertile. The composition of the components in the soil depends on the requirements of crops.
Very often used components, such as sand, leaf and sod land, clay, humus, peat. To a lesser extent, add sawdust, pine needles, fir or pine cones.
The composition of the soil. Humus
Components of humus is able to hold moisture and to give it to the plants. They are dark in color, and therefore contribute to accelerated warming, the humus is often used for mulching the soil.
More than other types of soil, humus humus contains. On the other hand, such soil is not useful for all crops.
Plants can begin to fatten, that is, increases green mass and reduced flowering and fruiting. Humus is formed from plant residues, food waste, peat or in compost heaps.
Very good quality humus will 2-3letnego decomposed manure. Overdo the humus cannot, this can lead to burning and destruction of crops.
Humus you need to add all types of soil, the soil contains all the elements necessary for plant growth.
The composition of the soil. Clay
Dense clay soils inhibit plants, because they have delicate roots, it is almost impossible to get food, and because of the delay of moisture can begin rotting.
When droughts have deep fissures, which break the fragile roots of vegetables and plants and promote further drainage.
To improve the composition, and to provide a different kind of soil, you can use any leavening agents: peat, sawdust, humus. Clay added for «weighting» of sandy soils.
The composition of the soil. Sawdust and shavings
Small wood chips and sawdust make for loosening and mulching are used in some types of soils ( heavy loam and clay).
The composition of the soil. Leaf and sod land
Ground sheet is prepared from the fallen leaves that pile up in a heap, watering the slurry and periodically turned over, becoming a dark granular mass they are added to the soil (30%).
Turf ground is prepared from the top layer of turf, which is stacked in piles and is also watered slurry. The next holiday season components for some soil types of leaves and turf are ready.
The composition of the soil. Sand
Sand is needed in certain types of soils for changes in composition. A large amount of sand in the soil can also be harmful to plants, as the lack of it.
Sandy soil is easy to lose nutrients, quick to dry and not fertile. Mainly added coarse sand as drainage material.
The composition of the soil. Peat
Peat is rich in nitrogen but little phosphorus and potassium levels. Plants in pure peat rot, because of the low permeability and high moisture capacity.
Peat is used to cover the root system in winter. Using the above natural components not only can change the composition, but also the types of soil.